Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "0210-5020" [ISSN]
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Id: ET1-2557 IBECS-Express
Autor: Oliveira, Palmira; Figueiredo, Maria Henriqueta; Apóstolo, João; Leite, Carlinda.
Título: The impact on training of the dynamic model for assessment and family intervention
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):319-324, nov.-dic. 2018.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Introduction: The Dynamic Model for Assessment and Family Intervention (MDAIF), as an operative theoretical referential underlying the assessment and family inter-vention practices, was adopted for the family nursing specialty, in Portugal. Objective: To assess the impact of the professional practice of MDAIF on the as-sessment and family intervention practices of Primary Healthcare Nurses. Methods: A study descriptive case. Forty-nine nurses were invited to participate in the pre-training moment and forty-three in the post-training. Participants were as-ked to sign a written informed consent and were delivered an open-question form applied in the two moments. The data retrieved were submitted to content analysis with a posteriori categorization. Results and discussion: In the pre-training moment, the most common family as-sessment practices were: "Areas of attention MDAIF", "Evaluative data of the MDAIF"; "Attention Individual areas"; and for the most common family intervention practices", "action"; "client"; "health programmes"; "prevention levels".After the training: "MDAIF dimensions"; and "individual areas of attention", with occasional incidence. In the family intervention, the categories identified were: "MDAIF areas of attention" and "action". It is well known that knowledge transfer into practice in family health nursing is a challenge and that only a relatively small percentage of the training is effectively applied, however, in this study it is possible to observe that training had a positive impact in practice changes. The actions focused on care provided to each member of the family changed to care targeted at the family as a client. Conclusion: Training has enabled knowledge transfer to professional performance

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  2 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2556 IBECS-Express
Autor: Fernandes, Ilda; Andrade, Luísa; Martins, Maria Manuela; Machado, Andreia; Rolim, Karla Maria Carneiro.
Título: Security and violence - young people's risk behaviours profile
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):313-318, nov.-dic. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Introduction: The risk behaviours, safety and violence of young people have been a major concern for societies. Health promotion focused on the importance of a safe environment and the implications that come from incorrect behaviours at this stage of life in which building autonomy is critical. Objectives: To identify individual health measures adopted by adolescents/youngsters in this case and violence situations to which they are commonly exposed; to determine the level of the risk behaviour; to explore the connections between risk behaviours, school year, and gender. Method: A quantitative, correlational and transversal study was conducted. A selfadministered questionnaire it was deliver to participants. The sample comprised 1614 young people, of the municipality of Vila Nova de Famalicão, and attending the academic year of 2013/2014. Results: The average age of respondents was 17 years old and the majority were female, attended the secondary school and perceived their family as highly functional. The use of a protection helmet was more frequent when riding a motorcycle than riding a bicycle. The majority of participants reported the regular use of the seatbelt and did not drive nor accompanied a person driving under the influence of alcohol. Most of the respondents have not been involved in situations of violence. The majority showed low levels of risk behaviours. Conclusion: These study participants reported a positive image of the risk beha-viours. Notwithstanding, young people would still highly benefit from the development of multidisciplinary and innovative interventions leading to the acquisition of a healthy and responsible lifestyle

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  3 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2555 IBECS-Express
Autor: Prata, Ana Paula; Koch, Cândida; Santos, Célia; Santos, Margarida Reis.
Título: Preparing for childbirth: women's look
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):307-312, nov.-dic. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Introduction: Childbirth preparation is a form of health intervention education per-formed by specialist nurses in maternal health and obstetrics aimed at promoting self-efficacy during labour. In planning an efficient childbirth education intervention, it is essential that nurses know the pregnant women's/couple's expectations on this specific issue. Objectives: To understand the pregnant women's expectations related to preparation for childbirth. Material and Methods: This was an exploratory, transversal study of qualitative nature where data was collected through interviews, after an informed consent was signed. The Bardin technique was applied to data analysis. A non-probability sample of 224 pregnant women was made, all over 20 years of age, with 28 weeks or more of gestation. The majority of participants possessed an advanced degree, were married or living in a marital situation, and were experiencing their first pregnancy. Results: From an analysis of the interviews, three categories emerged: knowledge, ability, and self-efficacy to deal with labour, and seven subcategories. These results corroborate findings of other researchers who have concluded that couples wish to be informed regarding how to prepare for labour, and that this preparation is relevant when the acquired knowledge helps the pregnant woman or couple make decisions and exercise control over their labour experience. Conclusion: The results enabled nurse-midwives to increase their knowledge and understanding of pregnant women's labour preparation expectations and preferences. Knowledge of this variety can assist these professionals in planning effective, quality interventions, which in turn can clearly contribute to gains in health

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  4 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2554 IBECS-Express
Autor: Vilelas, José; Diogo, Paula; Carvalho, José Carlos; Tavares, Claudia; Santiago, Dulce.
Título: A mentorship project: promoting emotional competence in nursing students
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):302-306, nov.-dic. 2018. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Introduction: Young students' transition to higher education is a particularly challenging and a stressful event, likely to trigger emotions that can potentially affect their adaptation to a new and more demanding learning environment. This issue has been a focus of growing interest for researchers involved in mentorship programmes developed by higher education institutions, which are intended to contribute to a healthy integration of students and, consequently, promote academic inclusion and success. This project intends to understand the role of mentorship in promoting emotional competence and well-being of nursing students. Methods: A research project of qualitative nature, with an analytical focus, using a sociopoetic approach. Participants will be nursing professors and students (se-cond-year of the undergraduate degree) recruited from several public and private, Portuguese and Brazilian, nursing schools. The methodological procedure includes the creation of negotiation and data production workshops, data content analysis, counter-analysis workshop and socialisation of data production. Conclusions: We hope with this study to strengthen the relationship established with the mentor may constitute a healthier and more adaptative emotional expe-rience, and potentiate generalization to other social contexts, improving daily life interpersonal skills and promoting emotional competence, essential to personal and professional development. This study will enable the development of the men-torship process in the higher education institutions involved in this type of project, grounded on the mentorees' abilities to learn easily, to increase their socialisation and their networks, to develop feelings of organizational citizenship, to potentiate satisfaction with work and career, to improve their self-efficacy and reduce their stress levels

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  5 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2553 IBECS-Express
Autor: Ferreira, Joana Filipa Borges da Cunha; Santos, Margarida Reis; Rêgo, Carla Maria Barreto da Silva de Sousa.
Título: Relation of breastfeeding with type of familiy and parents education
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):296-300, nov.-dic. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Breastfeeding is an important strategy to provide all-around care for newborns du-ring the first six months of life. It has the power to prevent early mortality, malnutrition and obesity of the child and also prevent some diseases and contribute for faster recovery of the mother. Moreover it contributes decisively for the establishment of successful bound between the mother and the child. The purpose of this study was to contribute for the study of the relation of breastfeeding with parent's type of family and education. An observational, cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted with 364 children's attending preschool from a metropolitan area of the norther region of Portugal and their parents. Results showed an overall breastfeeding proportion of 88.9%, regardless of the duration. Considering duration, results showed that only 38.6% of the children were breastfed for a period equal or higher to six months, that is WHO's recommendation. Adjusted logistic regressions showed that the risk of not breastfeeding was associated with non-nuclear families (aOR = 3.19) and other types of families (aOR = 4.36). Regarding education, significant associations were found concerning mothers low education (aOR = 8.39) and both parents low education (aOR = 10.98). No relation was found between breastfeed duration and education on overall, or considering the type of family

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Id: ET1-2552 IBECS-Express
Autor: Ferreira, Joana Filipa Borges da Cunha; Santos, Margarida Reis; Rêgo, Carla Maria Barreto da Silva de Sousa.
Título: Knowledge of good nutrition, physical activity and sleeping habits in pre-schoolers
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):291-295, nov.-dic. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Children's knowledge about food and nutrition is very important for the develop-ment of appropriate patterns of eating behaviour. Nowadays, because children's input is becoming to get more importance in parents' decisions about nutritional choices it is important to contribute for their knowledge development regarding not only nutrition or food but also healthy habits regarding sleeping and physical activities. The purpose of this study was to contribute for the assessment of nutrition/food preferences in pre-schoolers and the contribution of gaming for nutrition/food knowledge evaluation. It also intended to establish a relation between children's BMI and the knowledge of nutrition/food and good sleep and physical activities habits. An observational, cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted with 364 children's attending preschool from a metropolitan area of the norther region of Portugal and their parents. Food preferences varied from pasta (13.4%) to meat (8.8%) or tomatoes (6.3%) and undesired foods were, among others, fish (16.2%), soup (13.2%), tomatoes (12.6%) and onions (10.7%). Preschoolers showed high levels of knowledge regarding food categorization (92.3%), good sleeping habits (90.1%) and good physical activities habits (94.0%). Results showed significant differences for sleeping habits knowledge with lower BMI (kg/m2) for children that gave correct answers (M = 16.35, SD = 2.04 vs. M = 17.62, SD = 2.37). Children with increased BMI showed more risk of poor knowledge regarding good sleeping habits (aOR = 1.33, 95% CI = [1.07-1.69]). Parent's low education was found to be a risk factor for children's poor knowledge of good sleeping habits (OR = 8.21, 95% CI = [1.85-35.55])

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  7 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2551 IBECS-Express
Autor: Sequeira, Carlos; Carvalho, José Carlos; Ribeiro, Isilda; Moreira, Sandra; Costa, Rita.
Título: Vulnerability and cognitive protection factors in older persons
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):285-290, nov.-dic. 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Estimates from the Portuguese Statistics reveal that 19.0% of the resident popula-tion in Portugal is in the age group with 65 years or older. By 2020, it is expected that the proportion of the elderly (≥ 65 years old) will increase to 20.6%. Cognitive plasticity and reserve capacity are central in studies addressing the ageing process, thus it is extremely important to identify the vulnerability and protection factors. Objective: To identify vulnerability and cognitive protection factors in older persons. Methodology: Epidemiological and transversal study, conducted with a population of 151 persons, with an average age of 70.8 (± 5.4), in the metropolitan area of Porto. results. The results indicate that lifestyles involving physical exercise; eating habits; sleep and rest patterns; leisure activities; satisfactory emotional life and the use of health services can act as vulnerability factors or protective factors. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) has an average of 26.6 (± 4.4) and the questionnaire of cognitive reserve of 6.3 (± 4.6). The dimensions of the MMSE show an association between items, with empha-sis on MMSE guidance and MMSE attention and calculation, with a correlation of r = .75; p = 0.001 and r = .89; p = 0.001 respectively. Conclusion: The healthy lifestyles, involving physical exercise; proper nutrition; the regular sleep pattern; engagement in leisure activities; a satisfactory emotional life and the use of health services can function as protective factors (present) or vulne-rability (absent)

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  8 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2550 IBECS-Express
Autor: Ferreira, Margarida; Ferreira, Carlos; Gonçalves, Diana; Pereira, Marta.
Título: The return home of the hospitalized elderly: the nurse in the preparation of the caregiver
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):279-284, nov.-dic. 2018. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Preparing for hospital discharge is a care activity inserted in the hospitalization phase, in order to provide care providers with knowledge, skills and responsibili-ty in the management of the health condition and daily activities of nursing. The objective is to identify the strategies performed in the preparation of discharge of the elderly to the informal caregivers in order to enable them to manage the care to be provided. Descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational and quantitative study. Collection of information by questionnaire. Non-probabilistic sample for convenience, composed by 30 nurses, in a Medicine Service. The results suggest that the effectiveness of the discharge planning is indica-ted by 26.7% of the participants, and 33.3% say that it is performed by the doctor. It coincides with the onset of hospitalization in 83.3% of cases, including a set of interventions addressing patients real problems and needs to 96.7%. For patients with autonomic deficit, 100% of the participants mention that the presence of family member or caregiver in the preparation of discharge is promoted. The use of scales, that measure the degree of dependence is only used by 33.3%. The study concludes that the time of professional experience of the participants does not interfere with the activities of planning of the discharge. Training do not introduce changes in the preparation of discharge, and no significant statistical di-fferences were found. To establish a customized, assertive and adjusted planning to the patient's real needs, we suggest the use of protocols and the implement of procedures to systematize the nurse's role

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  9 / 1536 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-2549 IBECS-Express
Autor: Vilelas, José; Sousa, José de; Baltar, Patrícia; Rodrigues, Luiza.
Título: Sexuality, emotionality, healthy responsibility: take care of yourself a sexual education project
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):275-278, nov.-dic. 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Introduction: Adolescence is a period of doubt and discovery, during which the bi-ggest problems related to the discovery of sexuality arise. Portugal is part of the European countries with the largest number of teenage mothers. Despite the rising availability of information in this area, this phenomenon still occurs with all the negative consequences involved. This project intends to develop and implement a Sexual Education project named "Sexuality, Emotionality, Responsibility: Take Care of Yourself ", which aims at promoting healthy behaviours on an individual and group level (prevention, self-protection and protection of others). Methods: This is an action research project. During first phase, a questionnaire will be applied to teenagers (10 to 18 years of age), who attend a group of schools in Lisbon area. Subsequently, "Love Workshops" will be implemented, aiming at progressively developing self-responsibilization, promoting physical, psychologi-cal, and social health. In schools, dialogue and discussion areas between students, parents, teachers and, eventually, other professionals will be created. Peer educa-tion will be one of the used strategies because prevention messages will thus be adapted to different values and needs of each peer group, mediated by "Affection Ambassadors", facilitating behavioural change. At the final phase, people involved will assess the intervention process. Conclusions: We hope to be able to promote prioritization of sexual education as a determinant of health, contributing to empowerment and emotional develop-ment of teenagers, aiming at healthy and responsible sexuality, through nursing interventions that use dynamic methods focused on the teenager and the group.

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Id: ET1-2548 IBECS-Express
Autor: Guedes, Virgínia; Figueiredo, Maria Henriqueta; Lebreiro, Marlene; Brás, Manuel; Dantas, Jacinta.
Título: Unipersonal families and literacy: economic partner characterization and nursing care needs
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;41(11/12,supl):270-274, nov.-dic. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The maintenance of good health levels is strongly related to personal, cognitive and social skills that compose the concept of health literacy (HL) (Soellner, Lenartz & Rudinger, 2017). Since low HL levels are associated with vulnerable groups (Pedro, Amaral & Escoval, 2016), we intend to analyze the social, economic and social characteristics of a group of unipersonal families with an elder person as well as to identify needs in nursing care. An exploratory and descriptive study was conducted in unipersonal families with members over 65 years of age, users of primary care. The sample consisted of clients that had the characteristics of the population who used a health unit in the northern part of Portugal requesting a nursing consultation, between March and April 2017. The data collection was performed based on the structural dimension of the MDAIF (Figueiredo, 2012). Data analysis was done through descriptive sta-tistics. In the sample composed of 15 families, 80% pertained to the lower middle class. All individuals suffer of one or more chronic diseases. The most common nursing interventions were directed to the residential building, safety precaution and water supply. The assessment of the structural dimension of unipersonal households is an essential resource in identifying potentialities or vulnerabilities, in order to guide nursing interventions to improve patients' levels of HL, or proactively preventing complications arising from their limitations

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