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Id: 179746
Autor: Na, KS; Oh, KS; Lim, SW; Ryu, SH; Lee, JY; Hong, JP; Cho, SJ.
Título: Association between age and attitudes toward suicide
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;32(1):44-51, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.007.
Resumen: Background and objective: Attitudes toward suicide is one of the important determinants for help-seeking behaviors among suicidal population. We hypothesized that older age groups would have more favorable attitudes toward suicide than would younger groups. Methods: We conducted a survey of attitudes toward suicide in a nationally representative sample. Attitudes toward suicide were measured with the Korean version of the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the influence of age on attitudes toward suicide after adjusting for other sociodemographic and clinical variables. Results: A total of 1200 people in the general public responded to the survey. Older people expressed less favorable attitudes toward suicide than did younger people. According the multiple linear regression analysis, age was the most influential factor with regard to attitudes toward suicide. Conclusion: Contrary to our a priori hypothesis, people in the older age groups had more negative attitudes toward suicide than did those in the younger age groups. The results suggest that negative attitudes toward suicide in the general population may interfere with the help-seeking behavior of people at high risk for suicide. Future studies should directly investigate the relationship between attitudes toward suicide and suicide rates

No disponible
Descriptores: intento de suicidio/psicología
factores de riesgo
suicidio/prevención & control
-suicidio/psicología
encuestas y cuestionarios
modelos logísticos
salud mental
análisis estadístico
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
persona de mediana edad
anciano
Responsable: BNCS


  2 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179745
Autor: Nowakowska-Domagała, K; Pietras, T; Jabłkowska-Górecka, K; Stecz, P.
Título: Duration of disability, functional independence, coping styles and the quality of life in patients with spinal cord injury - Pilot study
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;32(1):36-43, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.09.004.
Resumen: Background and objectives: Spinal cord injuries are associated with permanent disability, long-term rehabilitation and psychological readaptation to situational change. The aim of the study was to assess the performance of basic activities, quality of life and stress coping style of patients with spinal cord injuries, and to identify a predictive correlation between the duration of the injury, coping styles or functional assessment and the psychological domain of QOL. Methods: Thirty-five patients were studied by self-reporting and observational methods using questionnaires, CISS, SCIM-II, WHOQoL-Bref scales and a patient survey. Results: The predictors of the psychological domain of life quality include an emotion-oriented coping style (negative, β = −.36, p < .05) and functionality with respect to self-care (positive, β = .57, p < .01) with a moderate level of model fitting (R2 = .42). Although the time of living with the disease was not found to be a significant predictor of psychological quality of life, a weak curvilinear relationship was identified between the two (R2 = .25). Conclusions: The results suggest that the psychological aspects of QOL observed after SCI may be associated with an emotional coping style. Hence, there is a need for deeper analysis of the role played by emotions and perception associated with chronic stress in patients with SCI

No disponible
Descriptores: traumatismos de la médula espinal/epidemiología
traumatismos de la médula espinal/psicología
proyectos piloto
calidad de vida/psicología
adaptación psicológica
-encuestas y cuestionarios
estudio observacional
estrés psicológico/psicología
emoción expresada/fisiología
psicometría
análisis estadístico
análisis de la varianza
Límites: seres humanos
adulto
Responsable: BNCS


  3 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179744
Autor: Calvo, N; Valero, S; Arntz, A; Andión, Ó; Matalí, JL; Navascues, V; Ramos-Quiroga, JA; Casas, M; Ferrer, M.
Título: Validation of the Spanish version of the Borderline Personality Disorder Checklist (BPD Checklist) in a sample of BPD patients: Study of psychometric properties
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;32(1):26-35, ene.-mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.003.
Resumen: Background and objectives: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is one of the most complex personality disorders (PD). The Borderline Personality Disorder Checklist (BPD Checklist) is an instrument specifically designed to assess the burden of BPD symptoms according to DSM-IV/5 criteria in the past month. Methods: Our goal was to adapt and validate the BPD Checklist in Spanish and to study its psychometric properties, i.e. reliability and validity. We administered it in a sample of BPD patients (n = 342) and in a sample of patients with other PD diagnoses (n = 190). Results: The results obtained indicated that the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the BPD Checklist are similar to those of the original version of the instrument. The internal consistency indices were generally good to excellent. The total score and the subscales of the BPD Checklist discriminated between diagnostic samples. As expected, the subscales were associated with the scores on the SCID-II and self-rating measures. Conclusions: Our results are consistent with the original version of BPD Checklist. In general, it is an adequate instrument for clinical screening and to assess the subjective burden of BPD experienced by the patient in the past month

No disponible
Descriptores: trastorno de personalidad limítrofe/diagnóstico
trastorno de personalidad limítrofe/psicología
psicometría/métodos
-estudios transversales
estudio observacional
psicopatología/métodos
análisis de datos/métodos
modelos logísticos
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
persona de mediana edad
Tipo de Publicación: estudios de validación
Responsable: BNCS


  4 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179743
Autor: Drakulić, B; Tenjović, L; Lečić-ToÜevski, D.
Título: Disturbed subjective time experience in post-traumatic stress disorder
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;32(1):16-25, ene.-mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.11.004.
Resumen: Background and objectives: Disturbance of subjective time experience in PTSD has not heretofore constituted a subject of focused empirical research, in spite of previous theoretical insights concerning the phenomenological importance of subjective time distortions in PTSD. Aim of the study was confirming the presumption that an alteration in subjective time experience is an essential feature of PTSD. Methods: Sets of instruments for diagnostic assessment of PTSD and other psychiatric disorders, and for assessing subjective time experience, have been used to investigate the differences between the subjects with PTSD (n = 58), subjects with other psychiatric disorders (n = 34) and healthy participants (n = 135). Results: On average, subjects with PTSD differ significantly from the remaining two groups in succession and goal directedness aspects of subjective time experience, while PTSD group differs from healthy group in all aspects except future and past temporal extension. As expected, the covariates adjusted means on the Succession, Integration, Temporal Distinction and Goal Directedness scales are lowest in subjects with PTSD, higher in other disorders and highest among healthy individuals. Conclusions: Most aspects of the subjective time experience in subjects with PTSD show significant alterations compared to healthy ones. Moreover, disturbed succession and goal directedness aspects are most specific because they also significantly differentiate the group with PTSD from the group of those with other disorders. Increased intensity of PTSD symptoms is associated with stronger alteration of time experience. There is a stronger association of temporal disorganization with avoidance/numbing and hyper-arousal than with intrusions

No disponible
Descriptores: trastornos de estrés postraumático/diagnóstico
trastornos de estrés postraumático/psicología
-trastornos de estrés postraumático/epidemiología
trastornos mentales/diagnóstico
trastornos mentales/psicología
pruebas psicológicas
escalas de valoración psiquiátrica
análisis de la varianza
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
persona de mediana edad
Responsable: BNCS


  5 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179742
Autor: Rezaei, O; Fadai, F; Sayadnasiri, M; Palizvan, MA; Armoon, B; Noroozi, M.
Título: The effect of bupropion on sexual function in patients with Schizophrenia: A randomized clinical trial
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;32(1):11-15, ene.-mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.005.
Resumen: Background and objective: About one percent of the world's population are affected by Schizophrenia. It is assumed that antipsychotic drugs cause sexual dysfunction, but the main mechanism of it, is not specified. Few researches that have addressed this issue showed that there is a relationship between neuroleptics and sexual dysfunction. A number of studies found that bupropion could improve the sexual dysfunction. So the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of bupropion on sexual function of the patients with Schizophrenia. Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 40 schizophrenic patients admitted to Kamrani psychiatry clinic in Tehran during 2015û2016. Participants were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The experiment group was taken bupropion tablets 150 mg/day and the control group were given placebo for one-month. The sexual performance of participants was studied before and after the intervention by the sexual functioning questionnaire (SFQ). Obtained data were analyzed using the SPSS software with student t-test and chi-square tests. Results: 40 patients older than 18 year old participated in the study. Before treatment the two groups did not have significant difference based on a general score of SFQ questionnaire, but There was a significant difference between two groups after the intervention. Experiment group (bupropion) showed significant improvement in sexual function. Using bupropion in the experiment group led to significant change in the score of sexual desire, erection and orgasm, but it had no effect on sexual arousal and ejaculation. The associations of ejaculation and orgasm were significance. Using the bupropion changed the erection and orgasm in the two groups of control and experimental. Conclusion: This study shows that 150 mg/day dose have considerable effect on sexual dysfunction of patients that are under treatment with anti-psychotic drugs. Also, this drug does not have any special side effects

No disponible
Descriptores: bupropión/uso terapéutico
esquizofrenia/farmacoterapia
antipsicóticos/uso terapéutico
disfunción eréctil/inducido químicamente
-encuestas y cuestionarios
eyaculación
efecto placebo
libido
disfunción eréctil/fisiopatología
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
adulto
Tipo de Publicación: ensayo clínico controlado
Responsable: BNCS


  6 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179741
Autor: de Pinho, LMG; Pereira, AMS; Chaves, CMCB; Batista, P.
Título: Quality of Life Scale and symptomatology of schizophrenic patients û A systematic review
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;32(1):1-10, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.002.
Resumen: Background: The Quality of Life Scale (QLS) was developed to assess the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia, by Heinrichs, Hanlon and Carpenter, in 1984. Objectives: This systematic review analysed the scientific evidence produced from the QLS results and its relationship with the symptomatology of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: An electronic search was conducted on Pubmed/Medline and Scopus to identify relevant papers published within the last ten years (January 2007 to December 2016). The inclusion criteria were: studies whose samples included only outpatients with schizophrenia; studies whose aim was to compare the QLS results with the symptomatology of schizophrenia; studies written in English. The PRISMA criteria for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses were used. Results: Twelve studies were included in this systematic review. A total of 1645 patients with schizophrenia from four different countries were analysed. Ten articles used a cross-sectional study methodology and 2 articles involved a longitudinal study. Conclusions: Synthesis suggests that quality of life/functioning in patients with schizophrenia can be influenced by negative symptoms. Nevertheless, in relation to positive and depressive symptoms, the results are not congruent nor consistent. Therefore, this literature review indicated that more research is needed in order to obtain better evidence with regards to the influence of that symptomatology on the quality of life/functioning in patients with schizophrenia

No disponible
Descriptores: esquizofrenia/epidemiología
calidad de vida
escalas de valoración psiquiátrica/normas
-estudios transversales
estudios longitudinales
psicometría
Límites: seres humanos
Tipo de Publicación: revisión
Responsable: BNCS


  7 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179740
Autor: Ljungdalh, PM.
Título: Non-adherence to pharmacological treatment in schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders - An updated systematic literature review
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;31(4):172-186, oct.-dic. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.001.
Resumen: Background and objectives: The primary treatment for schizophrenia and schizophrenia-spectrum disorders is antipsychotic medication. One of the many public health challenges in mental illness, is to identify contributing factors to non-adherence to pharmacological treatment. The objective of this study was to perform an updated systematic review of risk factors for non-adherence to pharmacological treatment in schizophrenia in a European and American context. Methods: The study was a systematic literature review of studies that included at least two measurements of pharmacological adherence in adult schizophrenic patients. This was done to validate the measures of adherence adequately which is rarely done in previous adherence research. It was conducted using PRISMA guidelines surveying Pubmed and PsycINFO. Results: The definition of non-adherence varies greatly in eligible studies and the methodological approach to investigation of non-adherence is inconsistent. Thirteen studies fit the inclusion criteria and demonstrated several risk factors statistically influencing non-adherence rates. The most frequent risk factors identified for non-adherence were poor insight into or lack of awareness of illness, alcohol or drug abuse and unspecified younger age. Conclusions: The findings in this systematic literature review are consistent with previous reviews on non-adherence and schizophrenia. It stresses the methodological challenges in psychiatric adherence research and establishes the need for more systematic and rigorous study design and methods within this field

No disponible
Descriptores: esquizofrenia/epidemiología
psicología del esquizofrénico
adhesión a la medicación/psicología
antipsicóticos/uso terapéutico
-esquizofrenia/farmacoterapia
factores de riesgo
estudios prospectivos
estudios retrospectivos
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto
Tipo de Publicación: revisión
Responsable: BNCS


  8 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179739
Autor: Makara-Studzińska, M; Rolla-Szczepańska, R; Urbańska, A; Nowakowska-Domagała, K; Stecz, P.
Título: Anxiety and depression in patients infected with Borrelia burgdorferi
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;31(4):165-171, oct.-dic. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.09.003.
Resumen: Background and objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the symptoms of depression and anxiety associated with fibromyalgia and erythema migrans in Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Methods: A group of 87 patients with clinically and serologically diagnosed B. burgdorferi (mean age 53.37) was formed. They were examined using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck's Depression Inventory and various immunological tests, as well as for fibromyalgia. A demographic survey with additional questions was also administered. Results: Our results confirm that fibromyalgia is associated with higher anxiety and depression symptoms. It is possible that serological markers of infection could act as indicators of depression level in patients with B. burgdorferi. The examined patients with B. burgdorferi infection reported a low prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms. Conclusions: The studied population is not very likely to experience neurologically-determined mood disorders, taking into consideration the above-mentioned results

No disponible
Descriptores: Borrelia burgdorferi
depresión/psicología
trastornos de ansiedad/psicología
adaptación psicológica
-trastornos afectivos psicóticos/psicología
fibromialgia/complicaciones
fibromialgia/psicología
psicometría/métodos
análisis de la varianza
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
persona de mediana edad
Responsable: BNCS


  9 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179738
Autor: Gómez-Carrillo, A; Barrigón, ML; Leon-Velasco, A; Gonzalez-Garrido, C; Ruiz-Gomez, M; Molina-Madueño, RM; López-González, S; Aroca, F; Barahona, I; Lopez-Castroman, J; Berrouiguet, S; Courtet, P; Baca-García, E.
Título: How far is clinical assessment from the bullseye? Using MEmind to compare clinical assessment with self-assessment in patients with depression and anxiety diagnosis
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;31(4):158-164, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.006.
Resumen: Background and objectives: Technology based assessments are being used for screening and monitoring in a wide scope of medical specialties, including mental health field. Depression and anxiety are common disorders in which e-health tools can be useful. We aimed to compare clinician assessment of illness severity in patients with depression and anxiety diagnosis with computer-based self-assessment within 24h of clinician evaluation via MEmind (www.memind.net), a novel web-tool. Methods: From May 2014, adult patients attended in outpatient settings in Fundación Jiménez Diaz Psychiatry Department were registered in MEmind, a web tool designed for psychiatric assessment. During the recruitment, clinicians use CGI-S for patient assessment via MEmind and provide patients a code and password to use the web-tool. We selected those patients diagnosed with depression and/or anxiety who connected within 24h of the clinical visit and complete in the web page GHQ and WHO-5 scales. We calculated a bivariate correlation for CGI-S, WHO-5 and GHQ-12. Results: Of the 231 participants, 157 (68%) were diagnosed with anxiety disorders and 74 (32%) with depression. Using the Spearman Rho test for correlation, we found a low correlation between CGI-S and total WHO-5 (r=−0.192; p=0.006) and between CGI-S and total GHQ-12 (r=0.211; p=0.002) and a good correlation between total WHO-5 and total GQH-12 (r=−0.606; p=0.000). Conclusions: We found a low correlation between clinician assessment and patients' self-reports within 24h of clinician evaluation. Factors that potentially influenced the degree of correlation related with patients, clinicians, measurements and technology are discussed

No disponible
Descriptores: autoevaluación
depresión/psicología
trastornos de ansiedad/psicología
trastornos del humor/psicología
-historias clínicas electrónicas
análisis estadístico
Límites: seres humanos
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
persona de mediana edad
anciano
Tipo de Publicación: estudio comparativo
Responsable: BNCS


  10 / 315 IBECS  
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Id: 179737
Autor: Klaric, M; Lovric, S; Kresic Coric, M; Galic, K; Coric, S; Franciskovic, T.
Título: Psychiatric comorbidity and PTSD-related health problems in war veterans: Cross-sectional study
Fuente: Eur. j. psychiatry;31(4):151-157, oct.-dic. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.09.005.
Resumen: Background and objectives: PTSD rarely occurs on its own and opinions on the correlation between PTSD and its comorbidities are still divided. Methods: To identify the comorbidity profile of psychiatric diagnoses in PTSD û affected war veterans and to determine the correlation with mental and health problems. Participants and methods: The experimental group consisted of 154 war veterans with combat-related PTSD. The control group was made of 77 veterans without PTSD. The study applied a general demographic questionnaire, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire û Bosnia and Herzegovina version and the MINI. Results: A 97.4% of PTSD-diagnosed veterans satisfied criteria for other mental disorders and that 44.8% suffered chronic somatic problems. More frequently they suffered from current depressive episode (41.6%), past depressive episode (36.4%), depressive episode with melancholic features (36.4%), dysthymia (13.6%), panic disorder with agoraphobia (11.0%), generalized anxiety disorder (82.5%) alcohol abuse (34.4%) and suicidal ideation (26.0%). Conclusion: The study showed that chronic PTSD in war veterans was almost always accompanied by multiple psychiatric and often somatic comorbidities

No disponible
Descriptores: veteranos militares/psicología
trastornos de estrés postraumático/epidemiología
trastornos de estrés postraumático/psicología
-estudios transversales
encuestas y cuestionarios
carencia psicosocial
agorafobia/psicología
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
Responsable: BNCS



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