Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1136-4890" [ISSN]
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  1 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1794 IBECS-Express
Autor: Alonso, José R.
Título: Missing fingers
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):147-149, mar. 2019.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: No disponible
Responsable: BNCS


  2 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1793 IBECS-Express
Autor: Asghar, Adil; Naaz, Shagufta.
Título: Anatomy of the retro-crural space (RCS): a potential conduit of infection and metastasis
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):145-146, mar. 2019. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: No disponible
Responsable: BNCS


  3 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1792 IBECS-Express
Autor: Deshmukh, Vishwajit R; Sabapathy, Vidhya M.
Título: A rare presentation of duodenal diverticulum: case report
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):141-144, mar. 2019. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The gastrointestinal tract is more susceptible to the development of diverticula. Duodenum, next to colon is the common site for diverticula. This case reports the presence of a single extramural diverticulum at the junction of a horizontal and the ascending part of the duodenum in an adult female cadaver during a routine dissection procedure. Suspensory ligament of duodenum containing suspensory muscle of duodenum was found attached to the basal aspect of the diverticulum. Though most of the duodenal diverticula are asymptomatic, awareness of its presence play a major role in treating the complications

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  4 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1791 IBECS-Express
Autor: Katrikh, Aaron Z; Savarese, Diane P; Ferrigno, Christopher.
Título: A case of biceps brachii accessory humeral head associated with variant musculocutaneous and median nerve communications with clinical implications
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):137-140, mar. 2019. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: We present a unique case of an accessory head to the biceps brachii arising from the humerus accompanied by bilateral connections of the musculocutaneous and median nerves identified during routine anatomical dissection in the anatomy lab of Rush University. On the left side, the accessory head attached proximally to the anteromedial surface of the midshaft humerus and joined the rest of the muscle via the common biceps tendon to attach distally onto the radius. It was innervated by a separate branch of the musculocutaneous nerve. Bilaterally, both connections between the musculocutaneous and median nerves occurred distal to the traditional contribution from the lateral cord of the brachial plexus. On the right side, the musculocutaneous nerve pierced the substance of the coracobrachialis muscle before giving a branch to innervate the biceps brachii muscle. These variations have clinical relevance for surgeons operating in the region and any clinician investigating peripheral nerve symptoms in the arm

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  5 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1790 IBECS-Express
Autor: Lucaciu, Octavian C; Mohammed, Riaz J; Lucaciu, Sergiu A.
Título: Horseshoe kidney: is there still a debate?
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):131-135, mar. 2019. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Horseshoe kidneys (HSK) represent an interesting surprise during anatomical dissections directed towards teaching of the urinary system. Clinically, the HSK limits access into the retroperitoneal space due to its location, orientation, and positioning of the ureters. In addition, its highly variable arterial and venous patterns provide great difficulties for surgeons during aortic aneurysm correction, and more recently, HSK transplantation. This case is a morphological study of a noticeably different HSK from the perspective of location, arterial blood supply, and venous drainage, which is further solidified by an embryological review. The debate is opened for further exploration into the theories associated with HSK ascent, its vasculature patterns, and the need for precise diagnostic imaging to serve preoperative planning

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  6 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1789 IBECS-Express
Autor: Nofal, Engy A; El-Habeby, Mostafa M; El-Kholy, Wael B; El-Akabawy, Gehan F; Faried, Manar A.
Título: Protective role of broccoli extract on estradiol valerate-induced polycystic ovary syndrome in female rats
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):121-129, mar. 2019. ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common causes of infertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective role of broccoli extract on estradiol valerate (EV)-induced PCOS in female rats. Forty adult female rats were divided into four main groups; control, broccoli-treated, EV, single intramuscular injection of 16mg/kg)-treated, EV+broccoli (1 g/kg/day)-treated groups. The protected rats were treated orally by gastric tube daily for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood samples were collected and the ovary were subjected to histological and immunohistochemical analyses. EV treated group exhibited the characteristic features of PCOS. Disturbed ovarian cyclicity in addition to histopathological alterations, including decreased number of healthy follicles and corpora lutea, increased degenerated, cystic follicles and increased collagen fiber deposition were detected by light microscopic studies. Moreover, increased immune-reactivity for iNOS and altered proliferation index were observed by immunohistochemical assessments. Co-adminis-tration of broccoli extract improved EV-induced PCOS in rat model. In conclusion, broccoli may be an effective therapeutic candidate for the treatment of PCOS

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  7 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1788 IBECS-Express
Autor: Rizk, Ayman A; Shawky, Yousry M; Motawie, Ahmed G.
Título: Can sildenafil citrate ameliorate cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity? Crosstalk between the possible mechanisms
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):113-119, mar. 2019. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Nephrotoxicity is considered the most important side effect which limits cisplatin therapy in various diseases. It is might be due to oxidative stress, decreased renal blood flow and reduction in the glomerular filtration. Sildenafil citrate is used for treatment of erectile dysfunction, but its effect in ameliorating cisplatin nephrotoxicity was not yet clearly studied. So the present work aimed to evaluate the protective role of Sildenafil citrate against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in adult male albino rats. 24 adult male albino rats were divided into 4 groups (6 rats each): Group I, control; Group II, sham control; Group III, Cisplatin-treated group, and Group IV, Sildenafil-and-Cisplatin-treated group. At the end of the experiment, the kidney of each animal was excised, trimmed and prepared for histological, histochemical and immunohistochemical study. Blood samples were obtained to evaluate the kidney functions. Kidney sections of Group III showed marked degenerative changes in the proximal convoluted tubules, vacuolations, exfoliation of the lining epithelium, cast formation and interstitial hemorrhagic exudate. There was marked elevation of serum creatinine and urea with significant increase in nitric oxide (NO) and decrease in glutathione reductase (GSH) concentrations in the kidney tissue and weak periodic acid Schiff (PAS) reaction. Treatment with Sildenafil citrate in Group IV offered marked improvement in the renal structure, kidney function tests and other parameters. The present study concluded that Sildenafil citrate could protect the kidney against Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in adult male albino rat

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  8 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1787 IBECS-Express
Autor: Ogunlade, B; Adelakun, SA; Ibiayo, AG; Alao, AA; Ogunlade, SA.
Título: D-Ribose-L-Cysteine prevents intervertebral disc degeneration in annular puncture-induced rabbit model
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):103-111, mar. 2019. ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Degeneration of the intervertebral discs is strongly implicated as the main cause of low back pain. To determine the preventive potential of D-Ribose-L-Cysteine in annular punctured intervertebral disc degeneration in rabbit model. Twenty New Zealand white rabbits (1.5 to 3.0 kg each) underwent annular puncture of the L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5 discs. Group 1 (non-punctured control) were given phosphate-buffered saline; group 2 (model control) were given phosphate-buffered saline immediately after puncture for 4 weeks ; group 3 (punctured treated) were given 150 mg/kg/bw of D-Ribose-L-Cysteine solution immediately after puncture for 4 weeks; group 4 (punctured treated) were given 300 mg/kg/bw of D-Ribose-L-Cysteine solution immediately after puncture for 4 weeks. Rabbits were sacrificed at 4 weeks after puncture. The animals were housed individually in a meshed wire bottom cages with access to water and standard chow ad libitum. The serial X-rays were performed at 0 and 4 weeks for the rabbits and whole spinal column and discs were extracted and analyzed for various histological staining techniques (H&E and HVG), biochemical and immunohistochemical analysis. The X-rays showed a progressive decrease in disc height over timewhich was significantly prevented by the D-Ribose-L-Cysteine administration. The histological grade, collagen type 1 and 2, aggrecan, and matrix metalloprotease-13 mRNA expression and histological analysis were consistently indicative of degeneration, supporting the results of the X-ray data. This study has now documented that D-Ribose-L-Cysteine halts the progression of intervertebral disc degeneration and can be useful as prophylactic agents especially in people prone to disc degeneration

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  9 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1786 IBECS-Express
Autor: Keet, Kerri1; Gunston, Geney1; Alexander, Rachel.
Título: Variations in the branching pattern of the aortic arch: an African perspective
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):91-102, mar. 2019. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Variation in the branches of the aortic arch is higher in individuals of African descent. However, published studies are few. The aims were to document variations in the branching pattern of the aortic arch in a South African sample, determine whether these variants are more common than other populations, and determine whether there are any significant differences in the prevalence of variation between males and females. The aortic arch and main branches were dissected in 733 cadavers. All branching patterns were documented and classified as types. Chi-Square tests were used to determine whether there were any significant differences in prevalence of variation between males and females. The diameters of the main branches were measured and compared between sexes.The standard branching pattern was present in 65% of individuals, similar to that reported for other African studies, but lower than other studies from around the world. Variations were more prevalent in males than in females (p = 0.025), while only the diameter of the left vertebral artery, when arising from the arch was significantly larger in females, with no differences between sexes for the other vessel diameters. The results of this study support the hypothesis that variations in the branching pattern of the aortic arch are more common in African individuals. These individuals may be at increased risk of associated although rare, clinical symptoms or iatrogenic injury

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  10 / 646 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-1785 IBECS-Express
Autor: Williams, Shanna E; Black, Asa C Jr.
Título: Intrapartum lesions to the lumbar portion of the lumbosacral plexus: an anatomical review
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;23(2):83-90, mar. 2019. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The lumbosacral plexus is formed by the ventral rami of L2-S3 and provides sensory and motor branches to the lower extremity. The spatial orientation of the lumbar portion of the plexus above the pelvic brim leaves it particularly susceptible to intrapartum injury by the fetal head. Such lesions are subdivided into two groups: upper lumbar plexus (L1-L4) and lumbosacral trunk (L4-L5). Given the root levels involved, upper lumbar plexus lesions produce symptoms suggestive of iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, femoral, and obturator neuropathies or L4 radiculopathies. Alternatively, involvement of the lumbosacral trunk can imitate a common fibular (peroneal) neuropathy or L5 radiculopathy. This symptomatic overlap with various neuropathies and radiculopathies, makes diagnosis of such lesions particularly challenging. To assist in the clinical diagnosis of intrapartum lumbosacral plexopathies, we provide an overview of the motor, sensory, and reflex deficits associated with such lesions and establish the clinical profile of such patients by presenting case studies from the literature of lumbosacral plexopathies. Only cases from the literature involving women who delivered via cesarean section are explored to isolate the presentation of these lesions from injuries related to birth trauma.Based on this overview, we offer differential diagnostic tools which can be utilized to aid in the identification and subsequent treatment of intrapartum lesions to the lumbar portion of the lumbosacral plexus

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Responsable: BNCS



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