Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1136-4890" [ISSN]
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  1 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-4307 IBECS-Express
Autor: John Moxham, Bernard; Sprumont, Pierre.
Título: Anatomical Terms: towards Development of Terminologies (terminogenesis). Head to head discussion
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;20(3):281-285, jul. 2016.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: No disponible
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  2 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-4306 IBECS-Express
Autor: Spanish Anatomical Society (SAE).
Título: XXVII Congress of the Spanish Anatomical Society: Oviedo, 2-4 September, 2015
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;19(supl.2):3-27, nov. 2015. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: No disponible
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  3 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3574 IBECS-Express
Autor: Al-Imam, Ahmed; Sahai, Ashok; Al-Derzi, Aida R; Al-Shalchy, Ali; Abdullah, Fadia.
Título: "All models are wrong, but some are useful": On the non-bayesianstatistical robustness of Hilton's law
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):75-78, ene. 2020. mapas.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: No disponible
Responsable: BNCS


  4 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3573 IBECS-Express
Autor: Ayalew Bekel, Abebe.
Título: Anatomical variations and clinical relevance of cystic artery: a brief review
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):69-74, ene. 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Although the cystic artery commonly originates from a right hepatic artery, variations in the origin and course of the cystic artery occur in 24.5% of people. The explanation for the variations of the cystic artery is found in the developmental pattern of the biliary system. Thus, the various origins of the cystic artery and its course concerning the Calot's triangle require the attention of surgeons in order to avoid iatrogenic injury of the bile ducts and vessels. Hence, the course of the cystic artery regarding hepatobiliary ducts has also to be noted by surgeons during cholecystectomy

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  5 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3572 IBECS-Express
Autor: Elsy, Bijo; Alghamdi, Mansour A; Osman, Lina ES.
Título: Bilateral branching variants ofinternal and external iliac arteries
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):63-68, ene. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: During a routine female cadaveric dissection, we found an unusual bilateral pelvic branching pattern of the internal and external iliac arteries. The vaginal and middle rectal arteries had a common origin from the right internal pudendal artery. An aberrant obturator artery arises from both external iliac arteries. A right aberrant obturator artery gives a small branch to the back of the pubic bone. The left inferior epigastric artery arises from the common trunk of the external iliac artery with the aberrant obturator artery. Knowledge of arterial variations helps to reduce the internal hemorrhage during abdominal and pelvic surgeries

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  6 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3571 IBECS-Express
Autor: Eladl, Mohamed A; Jarrahi, Abbas.
Título: Using practical-based team-based learning (PTBL) as a tool for providing an immediate feedback to the students during Anatomy Education
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):57-62, ene. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Team-based learning (TBL) is a student-centered learning strategy, which has been confirmed in medical education to enhance learning. Nevertheless, it has not been implemented during practical anatomy learning that challenges the spatial perception of the learned material in contrast to other disciplines. This study aims to present a novel intervention in using practical-based team-based learning (PTBL) in anatomy and its impact as a tool for providing immediate feedback. It also determines students' perceptions of the PTBL and the effect of the given feedback on anatomy learning. The students were subjected to a formative objective structured practical examination (OSPE) in two successive formats: individual readiness assurance test (iRAT) and team readiness assurance test (tRAT). In the iRAT, individual students rotated around the practical stations in the form of a steeplechase examination. For the subsequent tRAT, groups of 5 students rotated around the same practical stations. The session was concluded by discussing the practical stations with the tutor and immediate feedback about the students' performance was provided along with an explana-tion of the reasoning behind judgments and practical assessment criteria. Students' perception(N = 90) was measured through a self-administered questionnaire and a comparison of test scores. There was a significant rise in the average final summative OSPE scores of the students (p-value = 0.029) comparing their results to the previous semester in which PTBL was not implemented, concluding that PTBL is a valuable pedagogical instrument that can be employed as an effective method for providing immediate feedback dur-ing anatomy education

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  7 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3570 IBECS-Express
Autor: Tantawy, Heba F; Morsy, Manal M; Basha, Mohammad A; Nageeb, Rania S.
Título: Different normal anatomical variations of the transverse dural sinus in magnetic resonance venography (MRV): do age and sex matter?
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):49-56, ene. 2020. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The anatomical variations of the intracranial venous dural sinuses must be put in consideration in diagnosing magnetic resonance venography (MRV) to avoid the diagnostic pitfalls resulting from over-diagnosis of cerebral venous dural sinus occlusion or thrombosis. The available data regarding the age and sex difference of the magnetic resonance venography (MRV) anatomical variations is still limited. A retrospective study is done for 500 patients ranging from 20 to 70 years. Only 363 patients (142 males and 221 females) were included in our final analysis: all have normal MRI brain & posterior fossa. Magnetic resonance venography (MRV) is done to detect the presence or absence of the transverse venous dural sinuses and to detect any age-or sex-related differences. Also 64 dry Egyptian skulls (41 males and 23 females) were employed to detect symmetry of transverse sulcus and to determine age and sex difference. Hypoplastic left transverse sinus was by far the commonest asymmetrical transverse sinus variants representing 22.0% of total: it was noted in 38 male and 38 female. Even if the asymmetrical transverse sinus is more common in females, there is no significant difference between both genders. In the dry skull, symmetrical transverse sulcus was observed in 67.2% of total, while asymmetrical transverse sulcus was recorded in 32.8% of total, which were more observed in female skull 17.2% of total with no significant difference

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  8 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3569 IBECS-Express
Autor: Naidu, Livashin; Renni, Carmen O.
Título: The extracranial course of the facial nerve and bony anatomicall and marks for localization of the facial nerve trunk during parotidectomie
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):37-48, ene. 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Paralysis of the facial nerve is a common complication during the surgical removal of parotid gland tumors (parotidectomies). This may be due to the close relationship of the tumor and the facial nerve (along its extracranial course). This study aimed to explore the extracranial course of the facial nerve in terms of branching patterns, bony anatomical landmarks and variations. The sample comprised of 40 facial nerve specimens. The parameters identified and recorded were facial nerve trunk division, branching patterns and variations in terms of connections, course and branching. The parameters were classified and compared according to sex and laterality. Bifurcation of the facial nerve trunk occurred in 90% of cases, whilst trifurcation occurred in only 10%. The cases of trifurcation displayed variations. The frequency of each type of branching pattern was: Type I = 7.5%, Type II = 12.5%, Type III = 25%, Type IV = 15%, Type V = 27.5% and Type VI =12.5%. The six types were further categorized into three subtypes based on the origin of the buccal branch. The distance fromthe facial nerve trunk to bony anatomical landmarks was measured viz. mastoid process, angle of the mandible and external auditory canal. Only the distance to the angle of the mandible displayed significant differences according to sex (p-value < 0.001) and laterality (p- value = 0.002). All three landmarks displayed good-excellent reliability (ICC values ranged from 0.82 to 0.95) with regard to bony anatomical landmarks for the localization of the facial nerve trunk. The present study proposes the use of the three subtypes in conjunction with the classification system. Anatomical knowledge of the extracranial course of the facial nerve and its relation to bony anatomical landmarks are of im-portance to surgeons during procedures such as parotidectomies

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  9 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3568 IBECS-Express
Autor: Duman, Şuayip Burak; Yeşiltepe, Selin; Bayrakdar, İbrahim Şevki; Yaşa, Ya-sin.
Título: Retrospective comparison of cleftlip/palate patients and normalcontrols: cone beam computedtomograph imaging of foramen Husckhe morphology
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):31-35, ene. 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The foramen tympanicum, also known as the foramen of Huschke (FH), is a permanent anatomical variation situated in the anteroinferior section of the external auditory canal, posteromedial to the temporomandibular joint. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of the FH in Cleft Lip and Palate (CL/P) patients, compared to healthy individuals by using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) data. We retrospectively analyzed the CBCT images of 272 individuals, who had been referred to our Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology clinic various reasons. For comparison, 226 randomly selected healthy individuals and 46 CL/P patients (35 unilateral and 11 bilateral) were evaluated. FH in 35 (12.9%) of the 272 individuals; 26 of them healthy individuals, 9 of them CL/P patients. The FH was higher in patients with CL/P (19.6%) than healthy individuals (11.5%). Clinicians should be aware of the variability of TME and especially the FH in the ear region when radiographically examining these sites prior to CL/P surgery to prevent postoperative reconstruction and complications. Moreover, to evaluate these anatomical variations, CBCT

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  10 / 709 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-3567 IBECS-Express
Autor: Jen, Phillip YP; Al Akhrass, Fadi; Pray, Nathan; Day, Cassie; Oliveira, Lais M de; Ashby, Harty; Abdallah, Lina; Collins, Jaymie; Bosse-Joseph, Daniel.
Título: Immunohistochemical characteristics of ganglionated plexuses in the human gallbladder
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(1):17-29, ene. 2020. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Indirect triple immunolabelling techniques were used to identify the presence of choline acetyl-transferase (ChAT), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DβH), neuromedin U-8 (NMU-8), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the ganglionated plexuses of the human gallbladder. Of all the intrinsic cholinergic neurons examined, NMU-8-immunoreactive (-IR) neurons appeared to be the most populous, followed closely by neurons containing NPY-IR. nNOS-IR neurons were often observed to coexist with ChAT, NMU, and NPY. Occasionally, these nNOS positive neurons were seen triple labeled with ChAT, NMU-8, and NPY. Results also indicate that not all nNOS and NMU-8-IR coexistent neurons express NPY immunoposi-tivity. Our findings suggest that these intrinsic neurons may be categorized into a distinct population of neurons that express both inhibitory and excita-tory capabilities.Intrinsic cholinergic neurons that were ChAT-IR displayed a spectrum of immunopositivity. Interestingly, a small subpopulation of these neurons ap-peared to be extremely weak ChAT-IR or simply ChAT-immunonegative. These occasionally obser-ved ChAT-immunonegative neurons at times ex-pressed single immunopositivity for NMU-8 or nNOS, while more frequently, these ChAT-immunonegative neurons were found to be single immunopositive, or at times, double immunopositi-ve for NMU-8-, NPY-, or nNOS-IR.Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DβH) antibodies were used to confirm the lack of intrinsic sympat-hetic innervation in the human gallbladder. As suspected, in all the sections examined, DβH-IR neu-rons were not detected. The only indication of DβH immunopositivity was noted among delicate fibers surrounding the neurons and blood vessels within the organ

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