Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1138-7416" [ISSN]
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  1 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: ET3-320 IBECS-Express
Autor: Morales-Vives, Fabia; Dueñas, Jorge Manuel.
Título: Predicting suicidal ideation in adolescent boys and girls: the role of psychological maturity, personality traits, depression and life satisfaction
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e10.1-e10, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.12.
Resumen: In recent years, suicide rates have increased in adolescents and the young population, so these age groups are considered as populations at risk. Considering that suicidal ideation is the first sign of possible future suicide behavior, the objective of this study is to determine the relative importance of psychological maturity, personality, depression and life satisfaction in predicting suicidal ideation in adolescents. Results show that depressive symptoms is the variable that best predicts suicidal ideation, but psychological maturity, life satisfaction and emotional stability are predictors as well (R2 = .51, p < .001). However, the Multigroup Structural Equation Models analyses carried out show that emotional stability has an indirect relationship with suicidal ideation, through its relationship with depressive symptoms, life satisfaction and identity. Two Multigroup Structural Equation Models were proposed to better understand the relationships between these variables for each sex. The results show that the fit of the model that includes the variable Self-reliance is better for boys than for girls (chi-square contributions of 8.175 for girls and 1.978 for boys) unlike the other model (chi-square contributions of 0.288 for girls and 1.650 for boys). These results suggest that the psychological maturity subscale Self-reliance play a role in suicidal ideation in males but not in females. Although there have been no previous studies on the role of psychological maturity as a predictor of suicidal phenomena, the current study suggests that it is a feature to be considered in the prediction of adolescent suicidal ideation

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  2 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: ET3-319 IBECS-Express
Autor: Abós, Ángel; Sevil, Javier; Martín-Albo, José; Aibar, Alberto; García-González, Luis.
Título: Validation evidence of the motivation for teaching scale in secondary education
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e9.1-e9, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.11.
Resumen: Grounded in self-determination theory, the aim of this study was to develop a scale with adequate psychometric properties to assess motivation for teaching and to explain some outcomes of secondary education teachers at work. The sample comprised 584 secondary education teachers. Analyses supported the five-factor model (intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, introjected regulation, external regulation and amotivation) and indicated the presence of a continuum of self-determination. Evidence of reliability was provided by Cronbach's alpha, composite reliability and average variance extracted. Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses supported the partial invariance (configural and metric) of the scale in different sub-samples, in terms of gender and type of school. Concurrent validity was analyzed by a structural equation modeling that explained 71% of the work dedication variance and 69% of the boredom at work variance. Work dedication was positively predicted by intrinsic motivation (ß = .56, p < .001) and external regulation (ß = .29, p < .001) and negatively predicted by introjected regulation (ß = û.22, p < .001) and amotivation (ß = û.49, p < .001). Boredom at work was negatively predicted by intrinsic motivation (ß = û.28, p < .005) and positively predicted by amotivation (ß = .68, p < .001). The Motivation for Teaching Scale in Secondary Education (Spanish acronym EME-ES, Escala de Motivación por la Enseñanza en Educación Secundaria) is discussed as a valid and reliable instrument. This is the first specific scale in the work context of secondary teachers that has integrated the five-factor structure together with their dedication and boredom at work

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  3 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: ET3-318 IBECS-Express
Autor: Soares, Ana Paula; Pureza, Rita; Comesaña, Montserrat.
Título: Portuguese norms of name agreement, concept familiarity, subjective frequency and visual complexity for 150 colored and tridimensional pictures
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e8.1-e8, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.10.
Resumen: Pictures are complex stimuli that require a careful control of several characteristics and attributes standardized for different languages. In this work we present for the first time European Portuguese (EP) norms for name agreement, concept familiarity, subjective frequency and visual complexity for a new set of 150 colored pictures. These pictures were selected to represent exemplars of the most used semantic categories in research and to depict objects which, though familiar to the participants, were rarely used in daily life, which makes them particularly prone to speech failures such as tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states. Norms were collected from 640 EP native speakers that rated each picture in the four variables through a web-survey procedure. Results showed, as expected, that a large number of pictures in the dataset elicited a TOT response, and additionally that the ratings obtained in each of the dimensions are in line with those observed in other pictorial datasets. Norms can be freely downloaded at https://www.psi.uminho.pt/en/Research/Psycholinguistics/Pages/Databases.aspx

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  4 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: ET3-317 IBECS-Express
Autor: Pons, Joan; Viladrich, Carme; Ramis, Yago; Polman, Remco.
Título: The mediating role of coping between competitive anxiety and sport commitment in adolescent athletes
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e7.1-e7, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.8.
Resumen: Framed in cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotions (Lazarus, 1999), this study aimed to test how coping mediated the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport commitment in a sample of adolescent athletes. Five-hundred adolescents (M = 16.42; SD = 1.54) participated in our study. Participants completed competitive anxiety, coping, and sport commitment measures. We defined the measurement model using confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling; and compared two different models of mediation (i.e., total and partial mediation) using structural equation modeling. Results favored partial mediation model where cognitive anxiety factors predicted sport commitment. Results from this model suggest direct and mediated structural relations between concepts. Somatic anxiety had a weak influence on sport commitment (total effects = 0.090 .131, .311]). Worry showed a positive influence on sport commitment (total effects = .375 [.262, .486]) through direct and mediated effects. Concentration disruption showed a negative impact on sport commitment (total effects = 544 [û.724, /.363]) trough mediated effects only, showing a negative path on task-oriented coping and a positive path on disengagement-oriented coping. As a whole, our findings identify task coping efforts undertaken by adolescent athletes as a key element in the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport commitment. These findings provide preliminary evidence for the design of coping interventions in adolescents

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Id: ET3-316 IBECS-Express
Autor: Villar, Francisco; Castellano-Tejedor, Carmina; Verge, Mireia; Sánchez, Bernardo; Blasco-Blasco, Tomás.
Título: Predictors of suicide behavior relapse in pediatric population
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e6.1-e6, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.7.
Resumen: Identifying patients at increased risk of suicide remains a challenge today. It has been reported that 10% of patients committing a suicide attempt end up dying and that both the risk and the severity of clinical symptomatology increase with the number of attempts. Within the framework of selective and indicated prevention, it is essential to identify the group of patients with an increased risk of recurrence. The objective of this study is to identify factors predicting suicide attempt relapse to improve the decision making process in the therapeutic approach to suicidal behavior. The methodology employed was a longitudinal design aimed at identifying factors, in a binary logistic regression model (stepwise), predicting the repetition of suicidal behavior among a sample of 417 participants aged between 8 and 17 years old, at the six months follow-up. A statistically significant model χ2(3, N = 417) = 18.610; p < .001; Nagelkerke R 2 = .096 including the following factors was obtained: current diagnosis of personality disorder/maladaptive personality OR = .806, p = .028, 95% CI [1.091, 4.595], personal history of self-injury OR = .728, p = .043, 95% CI [1.023, 4.192], and family history of psychopathological diagnosis OR = .925, p = .021, 95% CI [1.151, 5.530]. Considering these results, having a diagnosis of personality disorder or maladaptive personality traits, presence or history of self-harm and family history of psychopathology draws a predictive profile of autolytic attempt recurrence during the six months after the initial intervention at the emergency room

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Id: ET3-315 IBECS-Express
Autor: Fuste, Gideoni; Gil, María Ángeles; López-Solà, Clara; Rosado, Silvia; Bonillo, Albert; Pailhez, Guillem; Bulbena, Antoni; Pérez, Víctor; Fullana, Miguel A.
Título: Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the panic disorder severity Scale
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e5.1-e5, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.6.
Resumen: The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a well-established measure of panic symptoms but few data exist on this instrument in non north-American samples. Our main goal was to assess the psychometric properties (internal consistency, test re-test reliability, inter-rater reliability, convergent and divergent validity) and the factor structure of the Spanish version. Ninety-four patients with a main diagnosis of panic disorder were assessed with the Spanish version of PDSS, the Anxiety Sensitivity Indexû3 (ASI-3), the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) the PDSS self-rating form and the Clinical Global Impression-Severity scale (CGI). The Spanish PDSS showed acceptable internal consistency (α = .74), excellent test-retest (total score and items 1û6: α > .58, p < .01) and inter-rater reliability (most intraclass correlation coefficient values for the total score were > .90) and medium to large convergent validity (r = .68, 95% CI [.54, .79], p < .01; r = .80, 95% CI [.70, .87], p < .01; r = .48, 95% CI [.28, .67], p < .01; BAI, PAS and ASIû3 total scores respectively). Data on divergent validity (BDI-II total score: r = .52, 95% CI [.34, .67], p < .01) suggest some need for refinement of the PDSS. The confirmatory factor analysis suggested a two-factor modified model for the scale (nested χ2 = 14.01, df = 12, p < .001). The Spanish PDSS has similar psychometric properties as the previous versions and is a useful instrument to assess panic symptoms in clinical settings in Spanish-speaking populations

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  7 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: ET3-311 IBECS-Express
Autor: Tomás, José M; Galiana, Laura; Fernández, Irene.
Título: The SF-8 spanish version for health-related quality of life assessment: psychometric study with IRT and CFA models
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e1.1-e1, 2018.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The aim of current research is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the SFû8, overcoming previous shortcomings. A double line of analyses was used: competitive structural equations models to establish factorial validity, and Item Response theory to analyze item psychometric characteristics and information. 593 people aged 60 years or older, attending long life learning programs at the University were surveyed. Their age ranged from 60 to 92 years old. 67.6% were women. The survey included scales on personality dimensions, attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors related to aging. Competitive confirmatory models pointed out two-factors (physical and mental health) as the best representation of the data: χ2(13) = 72.37 (p < .01); CFI = .99; TLI = .98; RMSEA = .08 (.06, .10). Item 5 was removed because of unreliability and cross-loading. Graded response models showed appropriate fit for two-parameter logistic model both the physical and the mental dimensions. Item Information Curves and Test Information Functions pointed out that the SF-8 was more informative for low levels of health. The Spanish SFû8 has adequate psychometric properties, being better represented by two dimensions, once Item 5 is removed. Gathering evidence on patient-reported outcome measures is of crucial importance, as this type of measurement instruments are increasingly used in clinical arena

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  8 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: 171580
Autor: Crespo, Patricia; Jiménez, Juan E; Rodríguez, Cristina; Baker, Doris; Park, Yonghan.
Título: Differences in growth reading patterns for at-risk Spanish-monolingual children as a function of a tier 2 Intervention
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e4.1-e4.16, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.3.
Resumen: The present study compares the patterns of growth of beginning reading skills (i.e., phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension) of Spanish speaking monolingual students who received a Tier 2 reading intervention with students who did not receive the intervention. All the students in grades K-2 were screened at the beginning of the year to confirm their risk status. A quasi-experimental longitudinal design was used: the treatment group received a supplemental program in small groups of 3 to 5 students, for 30 minutes daily from November to June. The control group did not receive it. All students were assessed three times during the academic year. A hierarchical linear growth modeling was conducted and differences on growth rate were found in vocabulary in kindergarten (p < .001; variance explained = 77.0%), phonemic awareness in kindergarten (p < .001; variance explained = 43.7%) and first grade (p < .01; variance explained = 15.2%), and finally we also find significant growth differences for second grade in oral reading fluency (p < .05; variance explained = 15.1%) and retell task (p < .05; variance explained = 14.5%). Children at risk for reading disabilities in Spanish can improve their skills when they receive explicit instruction in the context of Response to Intervention (RtI). Findings are discussed for each skill in the context of implementing a Tier 2 small group intervention within an RtI approach. Implications for practice in the Spanish educational context are also discussed for children who are struggling with reading (AU)

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Descriptores: dislexia/psicología
Lectura
Fonética
Vocabulario
comprensión
-pruebas del lenguaje/estadística & datos numéricos
evaluación de eficacia-efectividad de intervenciones
Límites: humanos
niño preescolar
niño
Responsable: BNCS


  9 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: 171579
Autor: Gordillo, Fernando; Mestas, Lilia; Pérez, Miguel Ángel; Arana, José M; Escotto, Eduardo Alejandro.
Título: Role of surprise in the discrimination of the facial expression of fear
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e3.1-e3.9, 2018. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.5.
Resumen: The facilitating role of the facial expression of surprise in the discrimination of the facial expression of fear was analyzed. The sample consisted of 202 subjects that undertook a forced-choice test in which they had to decide as quickly as possible whether the facial expression displayed on-screen was one of fear, anger or happiness. Variations were made to the prime expression (neutral expression, or one of surprise); the target expression (facial expression of fear, anger or happiness), and the prime duration (50 ms, 150 ms or 250 ms). The results revealed shorter reaction times in the response to the expression of fear when the prime expression was one of surprise, with a prime duration of 50 ms (p = .009) and 150 ms (p = .001), compared to when the prime expression was a neutral one. By contrast, the reaction times were longer in the discrimination of an expression of fear when the prime expression was one of surprise with a prime duration of 250 ms (p < .0001), compared to when the prime expression was a neutral one. This pattern of results was obtained solely in the discrimination of the expression of fear. The discussion focuses on these findings and the possible functional continuity between surprise and fear (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: expresión facial
reconocimiento facial
miedo/psicología
emociones
-actitud
reflejo de sobresalto
tiempo de reacción
Límites: humanos
Responsable: BNCS


  10 / 1080 IBECS  
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Id: 171578
Autor: Bagherzadeh, Mehdi; Loewe, Nicolás; Mouawad, Roy G; Batista-Foguet, Joan Manuel; Araya-Castillo, Luis; Thieme, Claudio.
Título: Spanish version of the satisfaction with life scale: validation and factorial invariance analysis in Chile
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e2.1-e2.17, 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.2.
Resumen: The aim of this study is to: (1) examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Satisfaction with Life scale (SWLS) on a representative sample of the Chilean population (N = 1,500); (2) test the factorial invariance of the SWLS across gender and employment status (henceforth status); and (3) provide normative data of the SWLS for Chile. Results suggest that the Spanish version of the SWLS is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring global life satisfaction in Chile and for comparison across gender and status. Confirmatory factor analysis shows support, across all groups, for a modified single-factor structure of the SWLS that allows error terms of items 1 and 2 to correlate (GFI > .98; RMSEA < .08). Cronbach's alpha coefficient ranges between .68 and .84 for different groups, with an average value of .80 for the total sample. The SWLS scores converge with an alternative single-item measure of life satisfaction (r = .63, p < .001) and with measures of conceptually related constructs. The factorial structure of the scale is invariant with respect to gender and status (CFI > .99; RMSEA < .06). Metric invariance holds for gender (ΔCFI = 0; RMSEA = .051) and status (Δχ2 = 23.93, nonsignificant; ΔCFI = 0; RMSEA = .045). Scalar invariance holds for gender and some status combinations; partial scalar invariance holds for the rest. Mean levels of life satisfaction can be compared across gender and status, albeit cautiously for status combinations for which scalar invariance does not hold (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: psicometría/instrumentación
calidad de vida/psicología
satisfacción personal
-pruebas psicológicas/estadística & datos numéricos
validez de las pruebas
reproducibilidad de resultados
Límites: humanos
Tipo de Publicación: estudios de validación
Responsable: BNCS



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