Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1138-7416" [ISSN]
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  1 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-4067 IBECS-Express
Autor: Machimbarrena, Juan Manuel; Garaigordobil, Maite.
Título: Prevalence of bullying and cyberbullying in the last stage of primary education in the Basque Country
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e48.1-e48.10, 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.41.
Resumen: Bullying and cyberbullying pose a serious problem in our schools. Despite this research area's increasing relevance, most research into cyberbullying in the present day has focused only on adolescents. However, given the long-lasting effects of victimization, it is necessary to understand its prevalence throughout the different educational stages of students. This study aims to clarify the prevalence of bullying and cyberbullying among students in the 5th and 6th grades. A sample of 1,993 (Mage = 10.68, SD = 0.71; range 9-13) students completed the "Cyberbullying: Screening of Peer-Harassment" test. The results reveal that 20.3% (n = 404) were pure victims, 6.1% (n = 121) pure bullies, 23.9% (n = 476) bully-victims, and 28.9% (n = 575) pure bystanders of bullying. With respect to cyberbullying, 13.4% (n = 267) were pure cybervictims, 0.7% (n = 13) pure cyberbullies, 3.1% cyberbully-victims (n = 62), and 25.6% (n = 510) pure cyberbystanders. In addition, the results reveal that verbal aggression and offensive or insulting messages were the most prevalent forms of aggression in bullying and cyberbullying, respectively. 36.6% of the sample had suffered verbal aggression and 8.4% had received offending or insulting messages. These data show that bullying and cyberbullying are considerably prevalent in this educational stage

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Responsable: BNCS


  2 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-4066 IBECS-Express
Autor: Moggia, Danilo; Niño-Robles, Noelia; Miller, Scott D; Feixas, Guillem.
Título: Psychometric properties of the outcome rating scale (ORS) in a Spanish clinical sample
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e30.1-e30.7, 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.32.
Resumen: The Outcome Rating Scale (ORS) is an ultra-brief measure of well-being designed to track outcome in psychotherapy. This research studied the psychometric properties of the ORS in a Spanish clinical sample. One-hundred and sixty-five adult participants from different primary care centers of the city of Barcelona were recruited. The psychometric properties of the ORS in the sample were explored and described, comparing them to the properties of other instruments already validated in Spain. Our results showed good reliability (alfa = .91 [.88, .93]; alfa = .96; test re-test correlations from .61 to .84), good validity (convergent validity correlations with distress and symptoms measures from -.32 to -.76), and good sensitivity to change (pre-post comparison through Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Mdnpre = 31.0, Mdnpost = 19.6, z = -7.38, p < .05, r = .42). These results are consistent with previous findings in other countries. We conclude suggesting that the instrument can be applied to monitor outcome in psychotherapy and to test the effectiveness of treatments imparted with Spanish speaking clients. However, further research with the ORS in Spanish could provide more evidence of its psychometric properties

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Responsable: BNCS


  3 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-4065 IBECS-Express
Autor: López-Rodríguez, Lucía; Navas, Marisol; Cuadrado, Isabel; Tatar, Moshe.
Título: Adjustment outcomes of native and immigrant youth in Spain: a mediation model
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e19.1-e19.10, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.19.
Resumen: This work proposes a conceptual model of psychological adjustment of native and immigrant adolescents who live in Spain. Psychological adjustment was expected to mediate between perceived family support and adolescents' school adjustment and problem behaviors. Spanish adolescents (n = 156) and immigrant adolescents (n = 137) filled out a self-report questionnaire regarding their perceived family support, psychological adjustment (i.e., self-esteem and life satisfaction), school adjustment, and problem behaviors. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relational patterns among these variables. The specific model -with psychological adjustment mediating between family support and school adjustment (z = 2.70, ß = .21, p = .007 for Spanish adolescents, and z = 2.42, ß = .16, p = .015 for immigrant adolescents), and school adjustment mediating between psychological adjustment and problem behaviors (z = -2.51, ß = -.14, p = .012 for Spanish adolescents, and z = -2.01, ß = -.11, p = .044 for immigrant adolescents) was confirmed for both samples. An implication of this study is the relevance of adolescents' family support to their well-being, and the mediating role of psychological adjustment between family support and school adjustment

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  4 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-4064 IBECS-Express
Autor: Fernández-González, Liria; Calvete, Esther; Orue, Izaskun; Mauri, Alice.
Título: Victims of domestic violence in shelters: impacts on women and children
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e18.1-e18.10, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.21.
Resumen: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of domestic violence (DV) on women and their children. The records of women who were admitted to one of two types of shelter (an emergency shelter [n = 834] and a medium-long stay shelter [n = 84]) for victims of DV in Bizkaia (Spain) from 2006-2015 were analyzed. The results showed that up to 80% of the women had mental health problems. In about 20% of cases, a problematic mother-child relationship was identified. Inadequate parenting was present in around 35% of cases. Around 80-90% of the children had witnessed the abuse suffered by their mother, and more than half had been direct victims of some type of abuse. The findings point to actions that shelters can take to address the needs of DV victims. They also highlight the need for separate interventions targeting the needs of children, as well as mothers

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Responsable: BNCS


  5 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: 174665
Autor: Morales-Vives, Fabia; Dueñas, Jorge Manuel.
Título: Predicting suicidal ideation in adolescent boys and girls: the role of psychological maturity, personality traits, depression and life satisfaction
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e10.1-e10.12, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.12.
Resumen: In recent years, suicide rates have increased in adolescents and the young population, so these age groups are considered as populations at risk. Considering that suicidal ideation is the first sign of possible future suicide behavior, the objective of this study is to determine the relative importance of psychological maturity, personality, depression and life satisfaction in predicting suicidal ideation in adolescents. Results show that depressive symptoms is the variable that best predicts suicidal ideation, but psychological maturity, life satisfaction and emotional stability are predictors as well (R2 = .51, p < .001). However, the Multigroup Structural Equation Models analyses carried out show that emotional stability has an indirect relationship with suicidal ideation, through its relationship with depressive symptoms, life satisfaction and identity. Two Multigroup Structural Equation Models were proposed to better understand the relationships between these variables for each sex. The results show that the fit of the model that includes the variable Self-reliance is better for boys than for girls (chi-square contributions of 8.175 for girls and 1.978 for boys) unlike the other model (chi-square contributions of 0.288 for girls and 1.650 for boys). These results suggest that the psychological maturity subscale Self-reliance play a role in suicidal ideation in males but not in females. Although there have been no previous studies on the role of psychological maturity as a predictor of suicidal phenomena, the current study suggests that it is a feature to be considered in the prediction of adolescent suicidal ideation

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Descriptores: desarrollo del adolescente/fisiología
depresión/psicología
satisfacción personal
personalidad/fisiología
autoeficacia
ideación suicida
-conducta adolescente
psicología del adolescente
factores sexuales
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
Responsable: BNCS


  6 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: 174664
Autor: Abós, Ángel; Sevil, Javier; Martín-Albo, José; Aibar, Alberto; García-González, Luis.
Título: Validation evidence of the motivation for teaching scale in secondary education
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e9.1-e9.12, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.11.
Resumen: Grounded in self-determination theory, the aim of this study was to develop a scale with adequate psychometric properties to assess motivation for teaching and to explain some outcomes of secondary education teachers at work. The sample comprised 584 secondary education teachers. Analyses supported the five-factor model (intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, introjected regulation, external regulation and amotivation) and indicated the presence of a continuum of self-determination. Evidence of reliability was provided by Cronbach's alpha, composite reliability and average variance extracted. Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses supported the partial invariance (configural and metric) of the scale in different sub-samples, in terms of gender and type of school. Concurrent validity was analyzed by a structural equation modeling that explained 71% of the work dedication variance and 69% of the boredom at work variance. Work dedication was positively predicted by intrinsic motivation (ß = .56, p < .001) and external regulation (ß = .29, p < .001) and negatively predicted by introjected regulation (ß = -.22, p < .001) and amotivation (ß = -.49, p < .001). Boredom at work was negatively predicted by intrinsic motivation (ß = -.28, p < .005) and positively predicted by amotivation (ß = .68, p < .001). The Motivation for Teaching Scale in Secondary Education (Spanish acronym EME-ES, Escala de Motivación por la Enseñanza en Educación Secundaria) is discussed as a valid and reliable instrument. This is the first specific scale in the work context of secondary teachers that has integrated the five-factor structure together with their dedication and boredom at work

No disponible
Descriptores: empleo/psicología
motivación/fisiología
psicometría/instrumentación
maestro de escuela/psicología
tedio
-autonomía personal
psicometría/normas
reproducibilidad de los resultados
autocontrol
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto
Responsable: BNCS


  7 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: 174663
Autor: Soares, Ana Paula; Pureza, Rita; Comesaña, Montserrat.
Título: Portuguese norms of name agreement, concept familiarity, subjective frequency and visual complexity for 150 colored and tridimensional pictures
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e8.1-e8, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.10.
Resumen: Pictures are complex stimuli that require a careful control of several characteristics and attributes standardized for different languages. In this work we present for the first time European Portuguese (EP) norms for name agreement, concept familiarity, subjective frequency and visual complexity for a new set of 150 colored pictures. These pictures were selected to represent exemplars of the most used semantic categories in research and to depict objects which, though familiar to the participants, were rarely used in daily life, which makes them particularly prone to speech failures such as tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states. Norms were collected from 640 EP native speakers that rated each picture in the four variables through a web-survey procedure. Results showed, as expected, that a large number of pictures in the dataset elicited a TOT response, and additionally that the ratings obtained in each of the dimensions are in line with those observed in other pictorial datasets. Norms can be freely downloaded at https://www.psi.uminho.pt/en/Research/Psycholinguistics/Pages/Databases.aspx

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Descriptores: formación de conceptos/fisiología
reconocimiento visual de modelos/fisiología
psicolingüística/métodos
reconocimiento (psicología)/fisiología
semántica
-percepción del color/fisiología
percepción de la profundidad/fisiología
Portugal/epidemiología
Límites: seres humanos
adulto
Responsable: BNCS


  8 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: 174662
Autor: Pons, Joan; Viladrich, Carme; Ramis, Yago; Polman, Remco.
Título: The mediating role of coping between competitive anxiety and sport commitment in adolescent athletes
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e7.1-e7.8, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.8.
Resumen: Framed in cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotions (Lazarus, 1999), this study aimed to test how coping mediated the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport commitment in a sample of adolescent athletes. Five-hundred adolescents (M = 16.42; SD = 1.54) participated in our study. Participants completed competitive anxiety, coping, and sport commitment measures. We defined the measurement model using confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling; and compared two different models of mediation (i.e., total and partial mediation) using structural equation modeling. Results favored partial mediation model where cognitive anxiety factors predicted sport commitment. Results from this model suggest direct and mediated structural relations between concepts. Somatic anxiety had a weak influence on sport commitment (total effects = 0.090 .131, .311]). Worry showed a positive influence on sport commitment (total effects = .375 [.262, .486]) through direct and mediated effects. Concentration disruption showed a negative impact on sport commitment (total effects = 544 [-.724, /.363]) trough mediated effects only, showing a negative path on task-oriented coping and a positive path on disengagement-oriented coping. As a whole, our findings identify task coping efforts undertaken by adolescent athletes as a key element in the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport commitment. These findings provide preliminary evidence for the design of coping interventions in adolescents

No disponible
Descriptores: adaptación psicológica/fisiología
conducta adolescente/fisiología
trastornos de ansiedad/psicología
atletas/psicología
atención/fisiología
conducta competitiva/fisiología
motivación/fisiología
-estrés fisiológico
análisis factorial estadístico
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
Responsable: BNCS


  9 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: 174661
Autor: Villar, Francisco; Castellano-Tejedor, Carmina; Verge, Mireia; Sánchez, Bernardo; Blasco-Blasco, Tomás.
Título: Predictors of suicide behavior relapse in pediatric population
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e6.1-e6.7, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.7.
Resumen: Identifying patients at increased risk of suicide remains a challenge today. It has been reported that 10% of patients committing a suicide attempt end up dying and that both the risk and the severity of clinical symptomatology increase with the number of attempts. Within the framework of selective and indicated prevention, it is essential to identify the group of patients with an increased risk of recurrence. The objective of this study is to identify factors predicting suicide attempt relapse to improve the decision making process in the therapeutic approach to suicidal behavior. The methodology employed was a longitudinal design aimed at identifying factors, in a binary logistic regression model (stepwise), predicting the repetition of suicidal behavior among a sample of 417 participants aged between 8 and 17 years old, at the six months follow-up. A statistically significant model χ2(3, N = 417) = 18.610; p < .001; Nagelkerke R 2 = .096 including the following factors was obtained: current diagnosis of personality disorder/maladaptive personality OR = .806, p = .028, 95% CI [1.091, 4.595], personal history of self-injury OR = .728, p = .043, 95% CI [1.023, 4.192], and family history of psychopathological diagnosis OR = .925, p = .021, 95% CI [1.151, 5.530]. Considering these results, having a diagnosis of personality disorder or maladaptive personality traits, presence or history of self-harm and family history of psychopathology draws a predictive profile of autolytic attempt recurrence during the six months after the initial intervention at the emergency room

No disponible
Descriptores: familia
personalidad/fisiología
trastornos de la personalidad/fisiopatología
intento de suicidio/prevención & control
intento de suicidio/psicología
-estudios longitudinales
factores de riesgo
recurrencia
conducta infantil/psicología
conducta adolescente/psicología
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
niño
adolescente
Responsable: BNCS


  10 / 1084 IBECS  
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Id: 174660
Autor: Fuste, Gideoni; Gil, María Ángeles; López-Solà, Clara; Rosado, Silvia; Bonillo, Albert; Pailhez, Guillem; Bulbena, Antoni; Pérez, Víctor; Fullana, Miguel A.
Título: Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the panic disorder severity Scale
Fuente: Span. j. psychol;21(1):e5.1-e5, 2018.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.1017/sjp.2018.6.
Resumen: The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a well-established measure of panic symptoms but few data exist on this instrument in non north-American samples. Our main goal was to assess the psychometric properties (internal consistency, test re-test reliability, inter-rater reliability, convergent and divergent validity) and the factor structure of the Spanish version. Ninety-four patients with a main diagnosis of panic disorder were assessed with the Spanish version of PDSS, the Anxiety Sensitivity Indexû3 (ASI-3), the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) the PDSS self-rating form and the Clinical Global Impression-Severity scale (CGI). The Spanish PDSS showed acceptable internal consistency (α = .74), excellent test-retest (total score and items 1û6: α > .58, p < .01) and inter-rater reliability (most intraclass correlation coefficient values for the total score were > .90) and medium to large convergent validity (r = .68, 95% CI [.54, .79], p < .01; r = .80, 95% CI [.70, .87], p < .01; r = .48, 95% CI [.28, .67], p < .01; BAI, PAS and ASIû3 total scores respectively). Data on divergent validity (BDI-II total score: r = .52, 95% CI [.34, .67], p < .01) suggest some need for refinement of the PDSS. The confirmatory factor analysis suggested a two-factor modified model for the scale (nested χ2 = 14.01, df = 12, p < .001). The Spanish PDSS has similar psychometric properties as the previous versions and is a useful instrument to assess panic symptoms in clinical settings in Spanish-speaking populations

No disponible
Descriptores: trastorno de pánico/diagnóstico
trastorno de pánico/psicología
escalas de valoración psiquiátrica/normas
psicometría/normas
índice de la gravedad de la enfermedad
trastorno de pánico/epidemiología
-psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos
reproducibilidad de los resultados
España/epidemiología
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto
persona de mediana edad
Responsable: BNCS



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