||Velasco Torres, Miguel; Padial Molina, Miguel; Avila Ortiz, Gustavo; García Delgado, Raúl; Catena, Andrés; Galindo Moreno, Pablo.|
||Inferior alveolar nerve trajectory, mental foramen location and incidence of mental nerve anterior loop|
||Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);22(5):e630-e635, sept. 2017. graf, tab.
||Background: Injury of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is a serious intraoperative complication that may occur during routine surgical procedures, such as dental implant placement or extraction of impacted teeth. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trajectory of the mandibular canal (MC), the location of the mental foramen (MF) and the presence and extension of an anterior loop of the mental nerve (AL). Study Design: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 348 CBCTs were analyzed. Distances from MC to the surface of the basal, medial and lateral cortical of the mandible were measured at the level of the second molar, first molar and second premolar. Location of the MF relative to the apices of the premolars, as well as incidence and anterior extent of the AL were also determined. Results: Significant and clinically relevant correlations were found between the position of the MC in women, which was located more caudal (r=-0.219, p=0.007; r=-0.276, p< 0.001; right and left, respectively) and lateral (r=-0.274, p=0.001; r=-0.285, p< 0.001; right and left, respectively), particularly at the level of the premolars. Additionally, the presence (r=-0.181, p=0.001; r=-0.163, p=0.002; right and left, respectively) and anterior extension (r=-0.180, p=0.009; r=-0.285, p=0.05; right and left, respectively) of the AL was found to be inversely correlated with the age of the patient. Conclusions: This analysis of a Caucasian population has found that the older the patient, the lower the incidence of the loop and the shorter its anterior extension (AU)|