Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1889-1780" [ISSN]
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Id: ET5-257 IBECS-Express
Autor: O'Donohue, William; Benuto, Lorraine T.
Título: Treatment acceptability and cultural sensitivity of standard behavioral therapies among Latinx and non-Latinx white college students
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):365-371, oct. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: It is generally regarded that therapies ought to be culturally sensitive. However, the precise meaning of this phrase and the extent and substance of cultural tailoring of therapies are unclear.173 Latinx and non Latinx college students were shown 4 videos of culturally untailored behavior therapy and were asked to imagine themselves as the recipient of the therapy from the therapist depicted in the video. They were then asked to rate these videos on a variety of dimensions including offensiveness, insensitivity, effectiveness, ability to build rapport, meeting personal needs, and willingness to return. Results indicated no differences in the ratings of Latinx and non-Latinx students and both groups rated the therapy positively. Thus, there is not evidence that this sample found untailored standard behavioral therapies as culturally problematic. Limitations include a sampling of only one subgroup (college students) and one minority population (Latinx)

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  2 / 376 IBECS  
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Id: ET5-256 IBECS-Express
Autor: Was, Margaret; Foody, Mairéad; Murphy, Carol.
Título: Using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) to investigate attractiveness bias in the domain of employability
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):353-364, oct. 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Attractiveness bias is a robust finding in social domains, but the data is less clear regarding attractiveness bias in other domains including employability. The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was used to investigate implicit attractiveness bias favouring employability for attractive versus unattractive facial image stimuli with a sample of university students (N= 35; 25 Females). The IRAPs four trial-type methodology facilitated a nuanced analysis to determine if participant data showed pro-attractive bias, anti-attractive bias, some combination of both, or no evidence of any such bias. A pro-attractive bias was found in D-scores on three of the four IRAP trial-types. Results from an explicit Beliefs About Appearance Scale (BAAS; Spangler, 1999) showed high ratings for the importance of appearance for employability across both genders with no statistically significant gender impact. Findings extend extant research providing nuanced data about implicit attractiveness bias beyond social domains in the important area of employability

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  3 / 376 IBECS  
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Id: ET5-255 IBECS-Express
Autor: Faraci, Palmira; Perdighe, Claudia; Monte, Claudio Del; Saliani, Angelo Maria.
Título: Hoarding rating scale-interview: reliability and construct validity in a nonclinical sample
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):345-352, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The Hoarding Rating Scale-Interview (HRS-I) is a brief semi-structured interview that assesses five aspects of hoarding disorder: difficulty discarding, clutter, excessive acquisition, distress, and impairment. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the HRS-I and examine its psychometric properties, in terms of reliability and construct validity. The HRS-I was administered to a sample of non-clinical adults (N= 491) along with a battery of selected self-report measures. The reliability was evaluated in terms of internal consistency. Cronbach's alpha and corrected item-total correlations indicated satisfactory scale homogeneity. The construct validity was addressed by providing evidence of both criterion and construct validity. In this direction, the relationships between HRS-I and other measures of the same or related constructs were investigated. In line with the findings of the original study, the general pattern of results was of a stronger association for like subscales than for unlike subscales. On the whole, empirical results indicated promising psychometric properties of the HRS Italian version in a nonclinical sample. Limitations of the study and the utility of the HRS-I in clinical and research settings are discussed

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  4 / 376 IBECS  
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Id: ET5-254 IBECS-Express
Autor: Booth, Robert W; Tekeş, Burcu.
Título: Individual differences in anxiety and worry, not anxiety disorders, predict weakened executive control: preliminary evidence
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):337-344, oct. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: People high in anxiety tend to be low in executive control. However, it is unclear whether this control impairment is more associated with high anxiety, or with anxiety disorder. We collected an internet sample of 29 individuals with diagnosed anxiety disorders and 97 without anxiety disorders, and measured their state and trait anxiety, worry, attentional control and cognitive failures using self-report measures. State anxiety, trait anxiety and worry all significantly predicted attentional control and cognitive failures. Having an anxiety disorder was not related to either attentional control or cognitive failures once anxiety or worry was controlled. Contemporary theories suggest poor executive control is a risk factor for anxiety disorders; these preliminary results suggest poor executive control may be a risk factor for high anxiety, but is not directly related to having a diagnosable anxiety disorder

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Id: ET5-253 IBECS-Express
Autor: Kavanagh, Deirdre; Matthyssen, Nele; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; McEnteggart, Ciara; Vastano, Roberta.
Título: Exploring the use of pictures of self and other in the IRAP: reflecting upon the emergence of differential trial type effects
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):323-336, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) assesses the relative strength of derived relational responding. A growing body of IRAP research has focused on assessing verbal relations pertaining to the self and others. This preliminary study sought to determine the feasibility of using matched pictures of self and of others across two IRAPs (N= 32). Both the self- and other-IRAPs also presented pictures of pens as the contrast category. The results of the IRAPs were broadly consistent with common-sense expectations. That is, participants confirmed more readily than they denied that a picture of a face was a face and that a picture of a pen was a pen. They also denied more readily than confirmed that a picture of a pen was a face and that a picture of a face was a pen. No significant differences in the sizes of the individual trial type effects, or differences among those effects, emerged between the two (self and other) IRAPs. However, two key differential trial type effects did emerge for both IRAPs, which relate directly to recent and on-going conceptual developments surrounding the IRAP and the analysis of the dynamics of arbitrarily applicable relational responding in general. These developments are considered and discussed in detail toward the end of the article

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Id: ET5-252 IBECS-Express
Autor: Morales Vives, Fabia; Dueñas, Jorge Manuel; Cosi, Sandra; Lorenzo Seva, Urbano.
Título: Suicidal ideation in adolescents assessed with the three-mode component approach
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):311-322, oct. 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Proactive coping is a multidimensional and future-looking quality of life strategy that can predict positive outcomes and regulate distress. Recently, social support has been seen as an essential resource for effective coping with stressors. On this basis, a cross-sectional study examining a theoretical model was investigated using a path analysis. It was hypothesized that social support would be associated with proactive coping in the synergistic relationship and in relation to the positive psychological variable of well-being. Moreover, direct relationships between well-being and feelings of depression were expected. In a sample of 482 full-time university students attending public university, the results showed that social support and comparable proactive coping directly contributed to an increase in well-being. Furthermore, well-being was directly related to depression. Besides direct effects, an indirect pathway from social support to well-being was tested confirming the hypothesis that proactive coping functions as a partial mediator between social support and well-being. Generalizability of the findings was tested across gender and age performing multi-group analyses. Furthermore, practical implications, study limitations, and future research are discussed

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Id: ET5-251 IBECS-Express
Autor: Gil Roales-Nieto, Jesús; Moreno San Pedro, Emilio; Gil Luciano, Ana; Blanco Coronado, José Luis.
Título: Efectos del cambio a café filtrado sobre los niveles séricos de colesterol / A reversal study on the effects of change to filtered coffee on serum cholesterol levels
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):291-310, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: No disponible

Unfiltered coffee consumption has been associated to the increase in serum cholesterol levels. The aim of this population study was to verify if the change in the type of coffee consumed from unfiltered to filtered produces effects on the serum cholesterol levels of the participants. The sample was formed of 30 volunteers (9 men) with no health problems (age range= 18-47; average= 28.2; SD= 8.8). The study was structured according to an A-B-A reversible design with simultaneous replications between subjects. During the Baseline and Reversion phases (A), participants consumed unfiltered coffee in their usual way, while in the Intervention Phase (B) they consumed only filtered coffee. Participants were divided into two subgroups according to their serum level of cholesterol LDL at Baseline Phase (resulting in a subgroup formed by 16 participants with LDL <115 mg/dL, and a subgroup formed by 14 participants with LDL ≥115 mg/dL). Results indicated that 90% of participants showed decrease in their serum cholesterol LDL level at the end of the Intervention Phase contingent to coffee change with an increase in their serum cholesterol LDL level at the end of the Reversion Phase when they returned to consuming unfiltered coffee. Also a change in serum cholesterol HDL level was shown by 93% of participants, with an increase in serum cholesterol HDL level contingent on the change to filtered coffee and a decrease when they return to consume unfiltered coffee. The implications of these findings and the limitations of the study are discussed
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  8 / 376 IBECS  
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Id: ET5-250 IBECS-Express
Autor: Guarnizo Guzmán, Claudia P; García Martín, MB; Suárez Falcón, JC; Sierra, MA.
Título: Psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) on vulnerable Colombian adolescents
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):277-289, oct. 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The aim of the present study is to analyze the psychometric properties for the Spanish adaptation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) ia sample of vulnerable teenagers of Colombia. Two psychometric studies were conducted: one for the 25-item version (CD-RISC-25) and other for the brief 10-item version (CD-RISC-10). All of the items showed good discrimination, with item-total correlations ranging from 0.29 (Item 14) to 0.75 (Item 25). Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 CI [0.86, 0.90] for the 25-item version. Subsequently, an item screening was conducted in order to test a brief version. For the brief 10-item version (CD-RISC-10), a one-factor one-dimensional structure with very good fit was found through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The exploratory factor analysis suggests that CD-RISC-10 could be considered a one-dimensional measure. Importantly, both CD-RISC-25 and CD-RISC-10 showed factorial invariance as a function of sex. In conclusion, the brief 10-item version of the Connor-Davidson CD-RISC presents appropriate psychometric properties to validly and reliably estimate resilience levels for vulnerable Colombian adolescents

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  9 / 376 IBECS  
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Id: ET5-249 IBECS-Express
Autor: Ruiz, Francisco J; García Beltrán, Diana M; Monroy Cifuentes, Andrea; Suárez Falcón, Juan C.
Título: Single-case experimental design evaluation of repetitive negative thinking-focused acceptance and commitment therapy in generalized anxiety disorder with couple-related worry
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(3):261-276, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Young adults suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) show high levels of worry about different domains, with couple relationships being the most frequent one. Excessive worry in this domain might lead to couple dysfunction, which is associated with lower outcomes of cognitive behavioral therapy. The current study analyzes the effect of an individual, 3-session, acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) protocol focused on repetitive negative thinking (RNT) in the treatment of GAD with couple relationship as the main worry domain. Three young adults with GAD participated in this study. A delayed multiple-baseline design was implemented. All participants completed a 5 to 7-week baseline without showing improvement trends in couple-related worry (Experiences in Close Relationships -Anxiety; ECR-A) and general pathological worry (Penn State Worry Questionnaire; PSWQ). Afterwards, they received the ACT protocol, and a 3-month follow-up was conducted. All 3 participants showed evidence of intervention effects on the ECR-A and PSWQ. The standardized mean difference effect sizes for single-case experimental design were very large for the ECR-A (g= 5.93) and PSWQ (g= 3.19). No adverse events were found. Brief, RNT-focused ACT protocols for treating GAD with couple relationship as the main worry domain deserve further empirical tests

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Id: 183860
Autor: Thomas, Justin; Bakker, Marie-Clare; Jaberi, Ayesha Al; Raynor, Monique.
Título: The affective gallery: a naturalistic exploration of the relationship between attentional bias and depressive symptoms
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):239-249, jun. 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Eye-movement studies exploring mood disorders and attentional biases have relied heavily on laboratory-based tasks. While this approach has been useful, it may lack ecological validity. The present study aimed to examine attentional bias in a naturalistic setting, exploring how individuals with differing levels of depressive symptomatology look at images in an art gallery. Participants (N= 60), college women, were assessed for depressive symptoms prior to being fitted with a portable eye-tracking device and encouraged to browse an exhibition at Al-Fanoun Art Gallery. The exhibition, staged for the purpose of the study, comprised 12 enlarged images from the International Affective Picture System collection; six positive and six negative. Depressive symptomatology was correlated with longer gaze durations for negative images (dysphoric bias) and also with shorter gaze durations for positive images (anhedonic bias). The study is limited by its use of an all-female student sample. However, these findings support previous studies reporting attentional biases associated with low mood and mood disorders. The methodological innovation demonstrated in the present study may prove helpful for interventions aimed at attentional bias modification

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Descriptores: sesgo atencional
depresión/psicología
movimientos oculares
pruebas neuropsicológicas
estimulación luminosa/métodos
afecto
-imágenes en psicoterapia
trastornos del humor/psicología
Límites: seres humanos
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
Responsable: BNCS



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