Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1889-1780" [ISSN]
Referencias encontradas : 367 [refinar]
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Id: ET1-3153 IBECS-Express
Autor: Thomas, Justin; Bakker, Marie-Clare; Jaberi, Ayesha Al; Raynor, Monique.
Título: The affective aallery: A naturalistic exploration of the relationship between attentional bias and depressive symptoms
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):239-249, jun. 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Eye-movement studies exploring mood disorders and attentional biases have relied heavily on laboratory-based tasks. While this approach has been useful, it may lack ecological validity. The present study aimed to examine attentional bias in a naturalistic setting, exploring how individuals with differing levels of depressive symptomatology look at images in an art gallery. Participants (N= 60), college women, were assessed for depressive symptoms prior to being fitted with a portable eye-tracking device and encouraged to browse an exhibition at Al-Fanoun Art Gallery. The exhibition, staged for the purpose of the study, comprised 12 enlarged images from the International Affective Picture System collection; six positive and six negative. Depressive symptomatology was correlated with longer gaze durations for negative images (dysphoric bias) and also with shorter gaze durations for positive images (anhedonic bias). The study is limited by its use of an all-female student sample. However, these findings support previous studies reporting attentional biases associated with low mood and mood disorders. The methodological innovation demonstrated in the present study may prove helpful for interventions aimed at attentional bias modification

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  2 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3152 IBECS-Express
Autor: Burgal Juanmartí, Ferran; Segura Bernal, Jordi; Fernández Puig, Victòria; Sánchez Matas, Miriam.
Título: Trastorno límite de la personalidad e inteligencia emocional en adolescentes institucionalizados / Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotional Intelligence in Institutionalized Adolescents
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):229-238, jun. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: No disponible

This study analyzed the prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder between the mentioned collective and the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and this disorder. A total of 61 participants between 13-17 years old, took part in this study. The results showed a important prevalence of borderline symptomatology as well as a negative correlation between Borderline Personality Disorder and general life satisfaction. Results of this study showed that an important prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder on institutionalized children in the sample used. Furthermore, there would be a link between child abuses as well as child neglect and Borderline Personality Disorder, which would lead to a great emotional discomfort to the person who suffers it
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  3 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3151 IBECS-Express
Autor: Zazymko, Oksana; Skulovatova, Olena; Staryk, Viktoriia; Tonkonoh, Iryna.
Título: Peculiarities of the motivating needs sphere of TV viewers with different television preferences
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):217-227, jun. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The study explore television influence as one of the most powerful translators of the mankind socio-cultural needs of a personality, in a sample of 1030 participants aged 18 to 35 years. Within the framework of the study five TV programs blocks, which have been allocated according to the audience's interest criterion. Clarification of the differences in the emotional orientation of the defined segments allowed to characterize the peculiarities of their motivating needs. It was determined that the segment of the entertaining television programs block is characterized by the desire to feel bodily-emotional comfort, accumulation of material wealth and lack of the desire for communication; the segment of the contemplative block is very similar to the first one, but they are different with their latent desire for self-realization in communication; the segment of the activity-related block does not want to experience any emotions; the cognitive segment, conversely, wants to experience emotions of all kinds, except for hedonistic and acquisition; for the segment of the informational block the acquisition emotions are the most desirable, knowledge or information accumulation are unwanted. The results of this study can be used to correct the viewing content and to develop new television projects with a view to their positive impact on the personality formation

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  4 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3150 IBECS-Express
Autor: Portugal, Alda Patrícia; Beja, Maria João; Cunha, Diana; Camacho, Fábia; Spínola, Joana; Sofia Santos, Ana.
Título: Emerging adulthood and parent-child communication: a validation study with perception scale of parenting communication
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):203-215, jun. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Emerging adulthood has been described in literature as a new phase of individual and family life cycle. This new stage (18-25 years old) is characterized by identity configuration, instability, self-focused and feeling in between of emerging adults. Notwithstanding the theoretical relevance of this topic, there is a research gap about parent-child communication in this stage, perhaps because of the lack of appropriate measures. The purpose of this study was to validate a scale originally developed to assess parent-adolescent communication (Perception Scale of Parenting Communication) to this new stage of life cycle. A cross-sectional and descriptive design was used to explore the perception of 217 emerging adults (68.2% females) about communication with their parents. A new version of Perception Scale of Parenting Communication was designed with 17 items distributed by four factors (parental confidence/sharing, children confidence/sharing, emotional support/affective expression, and negative communication patterns), according to confirmatory factor analysis. Results showed that Perception Scale of Parenting Communication is a valid and consistent measure (α= .934 mother version; α= .923 father version) to assess parent-emerging adult communication. This study provides important implication for research and practice such as the design of a new tool to assess family communication in emerging adulthood stage

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  5 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3149 IBECS-Express
Autor: Blasco Delgado, Eduardo Miguel; Llobera Cascalló, Aurembiaix; Ruiz Sánchez, L Jorge; Villarroel Carrasco, Jorge.
Título: Measuring the attitudes from Spanish and Catalan people toward Spanish and Catalan identity with the implicit relational assessment procedure
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):191-202, jun. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: This study analyses the validity of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as an implicit measure on in-group and out-group bias in Spanish participants from Catalonian (n= 17) and from the Rest of Spain (n= 16). The IRAP required to respond relationally in alternating trial-blocks. In the pro-Catalan block, participants had to respond as if the word Catalan, with the Catalonian flag behind it, were related with positive attributes (e.g. polite) and the word Spanish, with the Spanish flag behind it, were related with negative attributes (e.g. rude). In contrast, in the pro-Spanish block participants had to respond as if the word Spanish, with the Spanish flag behind it, were related with positive attributes (e.g. innovative) and the word Catalan, with the Catalonian flag behind it, were related with negatives attributes (e.g. opportunist). Participants also completed a demographic questionnaire and an explicit measure with stimuli analogous to the IRAP ones. The results showed more a favourable bias toward the ingroup in both groups, but this favourable bias is more pronounced in the Catalan Group. These results highlight the validity of the IRAP to measure intergroup biases

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  6 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3148 IBECS-Express
Autor: Molina Moreno, Pablo; Quevedo Blasco, Raúl.
Título: Una revisión de la aplicación de la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso con niños y adolescentes / Acceptance and commitment therapy with children and adolescents: a review
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):173-188, jun. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: No disponible

Evidence about using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) with children and adolescents is reviewed. ACT is introduced as the most representative contextual therapy. Functional-Contextual basis of ACT and the Relational Framework Theory (RFT) are described. It is also described in a briefly manner the clinical proposal as regards the conception of psychological disorders as a psychological inflexibility problem, and to promote psychological flexibility as its main therapeutic aim. ACT is a therapy relying on sufficient evidence regarding its clinical utility within a diverse range of disorders, although most of this evidence is provided by research conducted within an adult population. Thus, the aim of this review is the search of papers describing the application of ACT to children and adolescents, with the purpose of analysing its effectiveness in such field of application. A total of 42 studies are analysed, being notable the increase in studies over the last 5 years, the great variety of disorders addressed, the reduced number of sessions over time and the favourable clinical results obtained. It is concluded about the effectiveness of ACT when applied to children and young people
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  7 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3147 IBECS-Express
Autor: Singh, Shifali; Singh, Jaswinder.
Título: Effective psychotherapeutic approaches to treatment for ethnic minorities
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):163-172, jun. 2019.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Members of the Sikh Khalsa who make their residence in the United States represent a psychologically underserved and understudied population. A lack of awareness of psychological services contributes to this status; however, the challenges inherent in reconciling cultural norms within the United States with the native cultures of immigrant populations should not be neglected. As a consequence of the paucity of ethnically Sikh psychotherapists, the number of therapists with a competent cultural understanding of this population is limited. By sharing the insights and observations culled from dialogue with members of a Sikh community recovering in the wake of a national tragedy, we present our insights and an approach to therapeutic intervention developed to facilitate future psychotherapeutic endeavors both in Sikh communities and other ethnic minorities at large. The model developed in this study identifies demographic issues, therapeutic approach, gender bias, language, confidentiality, peer support, and immigrant status as the most important factors when treating this population. Ultimately, it is our intention to elevate awareness of some of the idiosyncratic complexities involved in treatment and research of this underserved minority group, particularly as our population continues to diversify

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Id: ET1-3146 IBECS-Express
Autor: Visdómine Lozano, J Carmelo; Gil Luciano, Bárbara; Gil Roales-Nieto, Jesús.
Título: Aproximación contextual-funcional a la psicopatía: análisis de casos / A functional-contextual approach to psychopathy: Cases Analysis
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):141-161, jun. 2019. graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: No disponible

This paper proposes a functional interpretation of psychopathic behavior as an alternative to formal attempts to explain this rare, complex and, dangerous pattern of behaviors. First of all, the contextual-functional approach is briefly summarized. In second place, four well-known historical cases of psychopathy are briefly described and analyzed. According to a functional approach, the key issues are the contingencies occurring in the personal histories of such individuals as well as the derived transformation of functions that established such rare and dangerous pattern of behavior regulation. A brief analysis is made of the cognitive and emotional characteristics traditionally predicated as exclusive of psychopathy (as lack of empathy, emotional responsiveness, impulsivity, the need of power, etcetera) that sets the stage for an interpretative analysis about the conditions that might be involved in the emergence and expansion of the behaviors typically categorized with the psychopathic label. This analysis focuses on the personal history and describes the confluence of conditions that form thoughts/beliefs about oneself and the others, that establishes as dominant reinforcers obtaining immediate pleasure and escaping aversive funtions as well as feeling unlimited power upon others. This analysis might indicate that the exceptionality of psychopathy migth lie on the occurrence of very extreme specific and unusual conditions and the non-occurrence of those conditions that might prevent the building of repertoires as those described in psychopathy. Therefore, the functional-contextual interpretation characterizes psychopaths persons not as having specific differences in their brains or having difficulties for the formation of adaptive cognitive functioning and behavior regulation, to give account for their psychopatic behavior
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  9 / 367 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-3145 IBECS-Express
Autor: Fryling, Mitch J; Hayes, Linda J.
Título: Interpersonal closeness and conflict in interbehavioral perspective
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(2):131-140, jun. 2019.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: This paper presents an interbehavioral conceptualization of interpersonal relationships, emphasizing both interpersonal closeness and conflict. In doing so, processes of association and subsequent substitution of stimulus function are described, setting the foundation for an analysis of how relationships are formed from an interbehavioral perspective. Specific attention is given to factors that impact intimacy and closeness in relationships, especially ways in which closeness may be fostered and conflict made more likely. The topic of communication is addressed, and possible therapeutic targets are highlighted from a novel conceptual context. The analysis is contrasted with more traditional ways of thinking, including more common behavior analytic perspectives. The implications of adopting the proposed interbehavioral conceptualization are provided

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Id: ET1-3144 IBECS-Express
Autor: Dentale, Francesco; Mossi, Piergiorgio; Salvatore, Sergio.
Título: Investigating the automatic in-group bias toward EU and its role for the development of a European Identity
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);19(1):111-119, mar. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The European Union (EU) is a relatively recent political institution which, in last years, is particularly crossed by centrifugal tensions, making difficult for European citizens to feel a full EU identity, and making their emergent attitudes and beliefs towards EU uncertain. In this vein, an important research issue may be the spontaneous evaluations of EU which, in line with the recent literature, may be considered as embryonic precursors of successive explicit/reflexive beliefs and attitudes. The present study is aimed at investigating implicit attitudes towards EU administering an adaptation of the Implicit Association Test (EU-IAT) to a sample of 210 EU participants (147 males) aged average 38.7 (SD= 15.7), along with the PVQ-21, a scale designed to measure basic values. Results showed: 1) An adequate reliability for the EU-IAT; 2) A positive value for mean IAT scores which is significantly different from zero, indicating that participants associate more strongly EU with good attributes rather than with bad attributes (and Rest of the world with Bad attributes rather than with good attributes); and 3) A significant positive correlation of the EU-IAT with conservation values (in particular with conformity) and a significant negative correlation with openness to change values (in particular with self-direction) with a moderate/high effect size. These results provide first evidence for reliability and criterion validity of the EU-IAT, and suggest that EU citizens showed an automatic and emergent bias in favour of EU that is related to conservation values

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