Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1889-1780" [ISSN]
Referencias encontradas : 333 [refinar]
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  1 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171375
Autor: Parker, Zachary J; Waller, Glenn; Gonzalez Salas Duhne, Paulina; Dawson, Jeremy.
Título: The role of exposure in treatment of anxiety disorders: a meta-analysis
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):111-141, ene. 2018. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: This meta-analysis aimed to determine the overall effect that psychotherapy has on anxiety disorders and to determine what moderates that effect. Studies were grouped by type (efficacy or effectiveness) and grouped by analysis type (completer or intent-to-treat). Medline was searched for articles published between 2011 and 2014 that related to the treatment of anxiety disorders. An initial search revealed 8056 articles. Of these, 99 articles met inclusion criteria and were included in the final analyses. Overall, manualized psychotherapy outperformed control conditions. In general, psychotherapy for anxiety disorders had a large effect. This effect appeared to be moderated by the use or lack of use of exposure techniques, with greater effects if exposure was used. This finding held particularly true for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychotherapies for anxiety disorders are both efficacious and effective. Exposure techniques enhance the effect of therapies. Future research work is required to determine what else moderates the effect of such therapies (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: trastornos de ansiedad/terapia
psicoterapia/métodos
trastornos de estrés postraumático/terapia
-procesos psicoterapéuticos
resultado del tratamiento
Límites: humanos
Tipo de Publicación: metaanálisis
Responsable: BNCS


  2 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171374
Autor: Oshima, Fumiyo; Iwasa, Kazunori; Nishinaka, Hirofumi; Suzuki, Takanobu; Umehara, Saika; Fukui, Itaru; Shimizu, Eiji.
Título: Factor structure and reliability of the japanese version of the young schema questionnaire short form
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):99-109, ene. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF) is one of the most widely used measures of individual early maladaptive schemas in schema therapy, and this study examined the factor structure and reliability of its Japanese version (YSQ-SF-J). We created a subsample to ensure the samples' mutual independence (N= 248, mean age= 19.75; 121 females). Then, Japanese participants (N= 800) completed the Japanese-translated YSQ-SF. Participants were divided into 2 samples: Sample 1 (n= 700, mean age= 23.05; 350 females); and Sample 2 (n= 100, mean age= 20.27; 50 females) for test-retest reliability. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the YSQ-SF-J's item-factor structure was identical to the English version. Moreover, the scale showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Results revealed the scale's adequate psychometric properties. Thus, this study provided the first examples of empirical support for the YSQ-SF-J (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: psicometría/instrumentación
pruebas psicológicas
trastornos de adaptación/psicología
-validez de las pruebas
escala de valoración psiquiátrica breve
Japón
comparación transcultural
escala de evaluación de la conducta
Límites: humanos
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: 171373
Autor: Kohtala, Aino; Muotka, Joona; Lappalainen, Raimo.
Título: Changes in mindfulness facets and psychological flexibility associated with changes in depressive symptoms in a brief acceptance and value based intervention: an exploratory study
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):83-98, ene. 2018. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Increased knowledge of the type of skills training that is beneficial for producing long-term changes in depressive symptoms might help in the development of more effective brief interventions. This study aims to explore whether changes in mindfulness facets (KIMS) were differentially associated with changes in depressive symptoms (BDI) both immediately and 5 years after a brief 4-session intervention based on the psychological flexibility model. The data was a subpopulation of 33 participants who received a 4-session ACT-based treatment provided by student therapists. The measures were taken at pre-intervention, post-intervention and 5-year follow-up points in time. Acting with awareness and accepting without judgment as well as higher observing were associated with higher depressive symptoms at the pre-intervention. Changes in the levels of the accepting without judgment subscale during the treatment and paired combinations of different KIMS subscales were positively related to changes in depression. However, accepting without judgment seemed be important as it was the only facet related to long-term changes in depression either on its own or paired with other facets. Emphasis on strengthening the ability to accept experiences in an accepting and nonjudgmental way should be taken into account when developing and administering brief ACT-based interventions (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: depresión/terapia
psicoterapia/métodos
atención plena/métodos
-tratamiento de aceptación y responsabilidad/métodos
evaluación del resultado de intervenciones terapéuticas
psicoterapia breve/métodos
resultado del tratamiento
Límites: humanos
Responsable: BNCS


  4 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171372
Autor: Taarvig, Eva; Andrè Solbakken, Ole André.
Título: Affect integration and attachment in children and youth: conceptual issues -Implications for practice and research
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):65-82, ene. 2018.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The essential role of affect and emotion in human behavior, motivation, cognition, and interpersonal interaction is emphasized in various efforts to understand how children develop. However, various theoretical traditions have focused on different features. In this article we focus on the views in attachment theory and the affect consciousness (AC) model/related affect integration perspectives. The attachment theory and the AC perspective/related affect integration perspectives are widely recognized approaches that explicitly focus on the role of affect, cognition, and behavior in the context of others as the main areas in both children's developmental processes and psychotherapeutic processes. However, these traditions represent both overlapping and contrasting views. On this background we discuss the following questions: 1. How does attachment theory describe the view on affect/emotion, motivation, cognition, and interpersonal interaction, and how do the AC perspective/related affect integration perspectives describe the view on the same subjects? What central theoretical similarities and differences do we find when we compare AC and attachment theory? 2. What role does AC play in attachment, and what role does attachment play in AC? 3. Can the AC perspective/related affect integration perspectives expand and provide nuance to our understanding of the role of affect and emotion in attachment theory, including an understanding of typical and nontypical emotional learning processes? We identified six central AC aspects that can expand our understanding of the function and role of affect and emotion in attachment theory. This understanding is considered central to both practice and research (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: desarrollo del niño
desarrollo de la personalidad
vínculo al objeto
ajuste emocional
afecto
-procesos psicoterapéuticos
cognición
relaciones interpersonales
Límites: humanos
niño
Responsable: BNCS


  5 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171371
Autor: Chabrol, Henri; Raynal, Patrick.
Título: The healthy side of positive schizotypy may reflect positive self-report biases
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):55-64, ene. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The concept of healthy schizotypy, characterized by positive schizotypy symptoms in the absence of negative or disorganized schizotypy, raises questions regarding whether the contrast between its healthy appearance and its relatively high level of impairment might be due to self-reported advantages. Using cluster analysis, we aimed at typifying a positive schizotypy group in a large nonclinical sample of young adults to examine its association with depressive symptoms, cannabis use, academic performance, well-being and serendipity, while controlling for variables inducing positive self-report biases: self-deceptive denial, wishful thinking, social desirability and narcissistic traits. We thus identified a pure positive schizotypy cluster (P) and a positive and disorganized cluster (PD) which had the highest level of the positive factor. Both clusters were characterized by a contrast between a high level of well-being, life satisfaction and self-reported serendipity (similar to a low schizotypy cluster) with elevated level of impairment markers (lower academic performance, higher depressive symptoms and cannabis use), comparable with clusters high in negative schizotypy. Moreover P and PD had elevated levels of variables susceptible to induce positive self-report biases (denial, wishful thinking, social desirability, narcissistic traits), while the clusters high in negative schizotypy had lower levels. We conclude that the relative high level of well-being and life satisfaction observed in groups with elevated positive and low negative schizotypy may in fact be linked to positive self-report biases (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: trastorno de personalidad esquizotípica/psicología
esquizofrenia desorganizada
narcisismo
-análisis por grupos
autoinforme/utilización
psicología del esquizofrénico
satisfacción personal
fumar marihuana/psicología
depresión/psicología
Límites: humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto joven
Responsable: BNCS


  6 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171370
Autor: Quezada, Vanetza E; Laborda, Mario A; Díaz, Marcela C; Navarro, Víctor M; Mallea, Jorge; Repetto, Paula; Orellana, Gricel; Betancourt, Ronald.
Título: Extinction cues do not reduce recovery of extinguished conditioned fear in humans
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):39-53, ene. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: We evaluated whether an extinction cue can reduce (or prevent) the recovery of previously extinguished fear conditioning using an ABC renewal design in humans. Two experiments were carried out. In Experiment 1, two groups were presented with geometric shapes as conditioned stimulus (CS), followed by a small electric shock as unconditioned stimulus (US) during the acquisition phase. Conditioned fear was measured as ratings of US expectancy and changes in skin conductance response (SCR). During the extinction phase, both groups received presentations of the CS without the US, while an extinction cue (EC) was presented. Both groups were tested in both the extinction context (extinction test) and a new context (renewal test) immediately and 48 hours after the end of the extinction phase (spontaneous recovery). Half of the subjects were tested in the presence of the EC (Group Extinction cue) while the other half were tested in the presence of a neutral cue (Group Neutral cue). The results suggested that the EC reduced the recovery of fear produced by a context change, but that this reduction was not maintained over time. Experiment 2 increased the salience of the EC and the contexts, however, results showed that the EC was unable to reduce the renewal of fear conditioning. These results are discussed as a function of the experimental manipulations performed, and their theoretical and practical implications (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: miedo/psicología
condicionamiento (psicología)
extinción psicológica
-técnicas psicológicas
detección de señales psicológicas
investigación médica traslacional
condicionamiento clásico
Límites: humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
Responsable: BNCS


  7 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171369
Autor: Ramón Cortés, Ana Isabel; Molina Cobos, Francisco Javier; Tarbox, Jonathan.
Título: Teaching children to create metaphorical expressions
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):27-38, ene. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Metaphorical language is a type of non-literal language with multiple uses in communication. Despite its relevance, most studies about this topic have focused on measuring the performance of a variety of populations on this skill and relating it to biological substrates or other cognitive abilities and there are little or no published studies on procedures for training the creation of metaphorical expressions. The current study evaluated a multiple exemplar training procedure for training simple metaphorical expressions in 4 six-year-old participants. Results demonstrated that all participants acquired the skill and demonstrated generalization, suggesting that multiple exemplar training may be effective for teaching children to create simple metaphorical expressions (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: desarrollo del lenguaje
Metáfora
creatividad
-pruebas del lenguaje/estadística & datos numéricos
terapia del lenguaje
procesos mentales/fisiología
Límites: humanos
masculino
femenino
niño
Responsable: BNCS


  8 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171368
Autor: Bhushan, Braj; Asai, Ankita.
Título: Psychophysiological and oculomotoric changes during emotion elicitation
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):15-26, ene. 2018. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: With an aim to examine behavioural and physiological changes during emotion elicitation, 30 participants were shown audio, video or audio-video versions of movie clips depicting anger, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise and neutral expressions. While watching these stimuli, the eye-tracking glass was used to record oculomotoric changes. Heart rate, blood volume and respiration rate were also recorded. After viewing each clip the participants had to label and rate the emotion depicted in the movie clip. The data was analyzed with respect to valence, motoric direction and arousal dimensions of emotions. Findings of the behavioural data and corresponding change in the respiration rate suggest that fear is the only emotion that equally impacted participants psychologically as well as physiologically. The number of fixations and saccades for positive and negative emotions differed significantly (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: nervio oculomotor/fisiología
emociones/fisiología
biorretroalimentación psicológica
-presión sanguínea/fisiología
volumen sanguíneo/fisiología
movimientos oculares/fisiología
Límites: humanos
Responsable: BNCS


  9 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 171367
Autor: Bejnö, Hampus; Johansson, Susanna; Ramnerö, Jonas; Grimaldi, Lauren; Cepeda, Ray.
Título: Emergent language responses following match-to-sample training among children with autism spectrum disorder
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);18(1):1-14, ene. 2018. ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The present study explored the effects of match-to-sample training on emergent responses in the domains of receptive and expressive language among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in an applied setting. A concurrent multiple probe design across six participants was applied, with a follow-up after 10 days. All six children participated in a match-to-sample training procedure. The participants were trained to match a picture card of an item with a word card corresponding to the name of the item, and a word card of an item with a picture card corresponding to the name of the item. After training, three participants developed the emergent responses of receptively identifying and expressively naming both picture cards and word cards. There was a correspondence between acquired matching skills and the development of emergent language responses. Follow-up measures showed that the acquired emergent responses remained somewhat stable over time. The results are discussed in relation to prior research and in terms of implications for teaching children with ASD language skills in applied settings such as preschools. The results are also discussed in relation to the participant's prior verbal skills and to the retention of emergent language responses (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: trastornos del desarrollo del lenguaje/terapia
terapia del lenguaje/métodos
trastorno del espectro del autismo/psicología
-evaluación del resultado de intervenciones terapéuticas
trastornos de la comunicación/terapia
conducta verbal/clasificación
Límites: humanos
niño preescolar
niño
Responsable: BNCS


  10 / 333 IBECS  
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Id: 166742
Autor: Romera, Eva M; Fernández Rabanillo, José L; Gómez Ortiz, Olga; Ortega Ruiz, Rosario; Casas Bolaños, José A.
Título: Construct, Measurement and Assessment of Social Competence in Early Adolescence
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);17(3):337-348, oct. 2017. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: This study explores differences in the conceptualization of social competence according to the measure used. To do so, the relations of influence of social cognition variables in the development of social competence are analyzed by means of two different scales. The participants included 425 students (49% girls) ranging in age from 10 to 13 years (M= 10.94, SD= .78). Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation models were performed. The results showed optimal psychometric properties for the Spanish adaptation of the Social Competence Scale (SCS) and the Perceived Social Competence Scale-II (PSCS-II). Development and peer perception goals and popularity and peer support goals were found to have a direct effect on the PSCS-II and the SCS, respectively. The differences observed in the explanatory models are discussed from the perspective of the social competence constructs measured by each scale (AU)

No disponible
Descriptores: cognición/fisiología
desarrollo de la comunidad
psicometría/métodos
adaptación social
percepción/fisiología
conducta adolescente/psicología
-estudios transversales/métodos
psicología del adolescente/métodos
objetivos
Límites: humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
Responsable: BNCS



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