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Id: ET1-3350 IBECS-Express
Autor: Faundez Casanova, Cesar P; Vásquez Gómez, Jaime A; Castillo Retamal, Marcelo E; Souza de Carvalho, Ricardo; Castillo Ratamal, Franklin.
Título: Entrenamiento interválico aeróbico y de fuerza muscular en funcionarios universitarios obesos con ECNT / Aerobic and muscle strength interval training in obese university staff with CNCD: a pilot study
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):179-183, 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391faundez.
Resumen: Introducción: En Chile existe alto porcentaje de sedentarismo que trae como consecuencia factores de riesgo de obesidad y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Un medio no farmacológico para tratarlas es el ejercicio físico, que practicado de manera regular reduce factores de riesgo. Objetivo: determinar los efectos del entrenamiento interválico aeróbico de alta intensidad y fuerza muscular en funcionarios obesos con ECNT en una universidad chilena. Método: Se aplicó un programa de 16 semanas en el que participaron 18 funcionarios universitarios voluntarios, quienes fueron asignados a un grupo de entrenamiento o a un grupo control. Este programa consistió en ejercicios interválicos en bicicleta y de fuerza muscular localizada, ambos de media-alta intensidad con duración de 30 minutos por sesión, tres veces por semana. Se comparó pre y postest intragrupo (GE y GC) con la prueba T-Student de muestras relacionadas y cada pre test y cada postest intergrupo con T-Student para muestras independientes, (p<0,05) entre ambos grupos. Resultados: En el grupo control se mantuvieron y no modificaron las diversas variables evaluadas, aunque se encontraron aumentos en los triglicéridos, presión arterial sistólica y diastólica, en contraste con el grupo de entrenamiento, quienes reportaron una disminución significativa en el perímetro de cintura (Pre test:101,33; Postest: 97,22) y el ICE (Pre test:0,65; Postest: 0,62) (p=0,017), en la presión arterial sistólica, la presión arterial diastólica, triglicéridos y la frecuencia cardiaca de reposo, aunque no significativos. En el colesterol total hubo aumentos, aunque no significativos. Por otra parte, el doble producto (frecuencia cardiaca x presión arterial sistólica) solo se redujo en el grupo de entrenamiento. Conclusiones: Los datos sugieren que el entrenamiento interválico aeróbico de media-alta intensidad mejora la respuesta hemodinámica en ejercicio submáximo en pacientes con obesidad y ECNT. La disminución del perímetro abdominal y el ICE es un buen indicador de la mejora de adiposidad corporal

Introduction: In Chile there is a high percentage of sedentary lifestyle behaviors that results in risk factors of obesity and chronic non communicable diseases. A non-pharmacological means to treat them is physical exercise, which practiced on a regular basis reduces risk factors. Objective: to determine the effects of high intensity aerobic training and muscle strength in obese staff with CNCD in a Chilean university.Method: A 16-week program was applied in 18 volunteer university staff, who was assigned to a training group (TG) or a control group (CG). This program consisted of interval medium-high intensity exercises in bicycle and localized muscular strength, with duration of 30 minutes per session, three times a week. Pre and post-intragroup (TG and CG) were compared with the T-Student test of related samples and each pre-test and each post-test intergroup with student's Ttest for independent samples (p <0.05) between both groups. Results: In the control group the variables evaluated were maintained and not modified, although increases in triglycerides, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were found, in contrast to the training group, who reported a significant decrease in waist circumference (Pre test: 101.33; Posttest: 97.22) and ICE (Pre test: 0.65; Posttest: 0.62) (p = 0.017), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides and frequency cardiac arrest, although not significant. In total cholesterol, there were increases, although not significant. On the other hand, the double product (heart rate x systolic blood pressure) was only reduced in the training group. Conclusions: The data suggest that medium-high intensity aerobic interval training improves the hemodynamic response in submaximal exercise in patients with obesity and CNCD. The decrease in abdominal perimeter and ICE is a good indicator of the improvement of body fat
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Id: ET1-3349 IBECS-Express
Autor: Santana de Araújo, Lorena Carolina; Costa, Milena Damasceno de Souza; Da Silva, Bruna.
Título: Recuperação do estado nutricional do paciente oncológico desnutrido relato de caso / Rehabilitation nutrition status of malnourished patient with cancer: case report
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):176-178, 2019. tab.
Idioma: pt.
doi: 10.12873/391santana.
Resumen: Introdução: O câncer esofágico é considerado bastante agressivo, constituindo a sexta causa de óbito por câncer no mundo. A desnutrição proteico-calórica é comum em pacientes com carcinoma esofágico, podendo elevar os índices de morbimortalidade. Método: Trata-se de um relato de caso do tipo observacional descritivo. Apresenta como objetivo descrever como o acompanhamento nutricional ambulatorial foi realizado para reverter o quadro de desnutrição do paciente oncológico antes de ser iniciada a terapia antineoplásica. Resultados: Ao longo do acompanhamento nutricional o paciente conseguiu ganhar peso, massa magra e gorda e força. Discussão: A desnutrição em pacientes com câncer de esôfago é preocupante, pois os mesmos têm problemas nutricionais preexistentes, devido à disfagia e da localização do tumor, que pode afetar a ingestão alimentar, a função gastrointestinal e a utilização de nutrientes. Este quadro deve ser evitado, por meio da oferta da terapia nutricional, para reduzir complicações, o tempo de internação, os custos hospitalares, e a mortalidade. Conclusões: A instauração precoce da terapia nutricional no paciente possibilitou a recuperação do seu estado nutricional antes do início da terapia antineoplásica. O acompanhamento nutricional é fundamental durante o diagnóstico e o tratamento destes pacientes, para prevenir ou corrigir deficiências nutricionais e a desnutrição, e melhorar a qualidade de vida

Introduction: Esophageal cancer is considered very aggressive type of cancer, it's is the the sixth leading cause of cancer death in the world. Protein-caloric malnutrition is common in patients with esophageal carcinoma, increasing morbidity and mortality rates. Method: This is a case report descriptive observational. This report case aims to describe how the ambulatory care of nutrition was performed to reverse the malnutrition status before start of antineoplastic therapy Results: During the nutritional monitoring, the patient had increasing body weight, lean and fat mass and strength. Besides that, he was also an improvement of the biochemical parameters. Discussion: Malnutrition in patients with esophageal cancer is worrisome because they have previous nutritional deficits for to dysphagia and tumor location, which can affect food intake, gastrointestinal function and nutrient metabolism. This clinical condition must be avoided because complications risk, duration of hospital stay, hospital costs and mortality. Conclusions: The early nutritional therapy in the patient recovered nutritional status before the start of antineoplastic therapy. Nutritional monitoring is essential during the diagnosis and treatment of these patients, to prevent or correct nutritional deficiencies and malnutrition, and to improve the quality of life

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Id: ET1-3348 IBECS-Express
Autor: Aquino de Brito, Daniela; Maynard, Dayanne da Costa.
Título: Avaliação da relação entre nutrição e câncer: Uma visão do impacto no estado nutricional e qualidade de vida de pacientes oncológicos / Evaluation of the relationship between nutrition and cancer: a view of the impact on nutritional status and quality of life of cancer patients
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):169-175, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
doi: 10.12873/391aquino.
Resumen: Introdução: O câncer é um dos problemas mais complexos que o sistema de saúde brasileiro enfrenta, segundo dados do Instituto Nacional do Câncer (INCA), a inadequação alimentar e nutricional é classificada como a segunda causalidade que pode ser prevenida, uma vez que os alimentos possuem uma capacidade de interferência no estímulo ao desenvolvimento ou na proteção contra os tumores. Ainda, tal patologia e os seus tratamentos associados têm como consequência diversas alterações metabólicas e efeitos colaterais que interferem no estado nutricional do paciente e em sua qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Analisar o consumo alimentar de pacientes oncológicos, referente ao período anterior ao diagnóstico, e aspectos relacionados ao estado nutricional e qualidade de vida após a descoberta da doença. Métodos: Desenho transversal, com amostra composta por 70 indivíduos. Foram utilizados três questionários, sendo eles: "Como está sua alimentação?", para avaliação do perfil alimentar; WHOQOL-bref, referente a análise da qualidade de vida e a Avaliação subjetiva global - produzida pelo paciente (ASG-PPP), para verificação do estado nutricional. Resultados: Resultados encontrados mostraram alguns hábitos alimentares considerados de risco para o desenvolvimento do câncer. Quanto ao estado nutricional e qualidade de vida (QV), a grande maioria apresentou-se bem nutrida (Categoria A - ASG: 91%) e com QV mediana (66,41%). Conclusão: A presença de alguns comportamentos alimentares considerados de risco pode ter contribuído ao desenvolvimento do câncer nesses indivíduos, no entanto para afirmação mais consistente faz-se necessária a realização de mais estudos. Ainda assim, a presença dessa patologia não afetou significativamente seus respectivos estados nutricionais e qualidade de vida

Introduction: Cancer is one of the most complex problems facing the Brazilian health system, according to data from the National Cancer Institute (INCA), inadequate food and nutrition is classified as the second causality that can be prevented, since food have an ability to interfere in the stimulation of development or protection against tumors. Moreover, such pathology and its associated treatments have as consequence several metabolic alterations and side effects that interfere in the nutritional state of the patient and in their quality of life. Objective: To analyze the food consumption of cancer patients, referring to the period prior to diagnosis, and aspects related to nutritional status and quality of life after the discovery of the disease. Methods: Cross-sectional design with a sample of 70 individuals. Three questionnaires were used: "How is your food?", To evaluate the food profile; WHOQOL-bref, referring to the analysis of the quality of life and the Global subjective evaluation - produced by the patient (ASG-PPP), to verify the nutritional status. Results: Results showed some dietary habits considered as risks for the development of cancer. Regarding nutritional status and quality of life (QoL), the great majority were well nourished (Category A - ASG: 91%) and median QoL (66.41%). Conclusion: The presence of some dietary behaviors considered as risk may have contributed to the development of cancer in these individuals, however for more consistent affirmation it is necessary to carry out further studies. Nevertheless, the presence of this pathology did not significantly affect their respective nutritional status and quality of life

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Id: ET1-3347 IBECS-Express
Autor: Barrancos Juri, Constanza; Rodríguez, Eliana María; Nader Macías, María Elena Fátima.
Título: Kipi crudo: accion del jugo de limón, aceptabilidad satisfacción y preferencia en una población de San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca / Raw kipi: action of lemon juice, acceptability, satisfaction and preference in a population in San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):162-168, 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391barrancos.
Resumen: Introducción: El Kebbe Naihe o kipi crudo es un producto cárneo que tiene como ingredientes la carne bovina u ovina molida y trigo burgol, condimentos y especias y se consume crudo. La carne es el vehículo de microorganismos que causan brotes de enfermedades, infecciones e intoxicaciones microbianas y resulta riesgosa su incorporación, dada la frecuencia con la que se pueden aislar bacterias patógenas a partir del producto crudo. El uso de diferentes sustancias controla el número de microorganismos en preparaciones alimenticias. Objetivos: Determinar el efecto del jugo de limón sobre los microorganismos presentes en el kipi crudo, analizar la aceptabilidad y satisfacción del kipi crudo con limón, y la preferencia del kipi crudo con limón respecto del kipi crudo sin limón. Metodología: Estudio de tipo descriptivo, correlacional y explicativo, y con un diseño en dos etapas, una etapa experimental- experimento puro y en otra etapa experimental-preexperimento. Resultados: Los análisis microbiológicos indicaron que en el momento de elaboración y a las 6, 12 y 24hs, el número de microorganismos fue menor en el kipi crudo tratado con limón, comparado con el que no recibió este tratamiento. Asimismo, el jugo de limón disminuyó el número de bacterias del kipi crudo a medida que el tiempo de exposición a este fue mayor. El kipi crudo con jugo de limón resultó ser más aceptado, satisfactorio y preferido por la población no árabe, en comparación con la población árabe. El kipi crudo es un producto apto para el consumo desde el punto de vista microbiológico si se consume antes de las 6hs posteriores a su elaboración, lo cual permite a la población árabe continuar consumiendo este plato sin el agregado de limón. Conclusión: Es posible, para quienes les resulta agradable el kipi crudo con limón, incrementar su inocuidad mediante el agregado de esta sustancia natural

Introduction: Kebbe Naihe or raw kipi is a meat-derived food, which has bovine or ovine ground meat and wheat burgol, condiments and spices as ingredients, and is consumed in raw state. Meat is the vehicle of microorganisms that cause diseases outbreaks, infections and microbial poisoning and its incorporation is risky given the frequency of isolation of pathogenic bacteria from raw products. The use of different substances controls the number of microorganisms in food preparations. Objectives: to determine the effect of lemon juice on the microorganisms present in raw kipi, to analyze the acceptability and satisfaction of raw kipi with lemon, and the preference of raw kipi with lemon compared to raw kipi without lemon. Methodology: Descriptive, correlational and explanatory type study, with a two-stage design, a pure experimental-experimental stage and pre-experiment in another stage. Results: The microbiological analysis indicated that at the time of elaboration and at 6, 12 and 24 hours, the number of microorganisms was lower in the raw kipi treated with lemon, compared to the one that did not receive this treatment. The lemon juice decreased the number of bacteria of the raw kipi at higher exposure times. The raw kipi with lemon juice resulted highly accepted, satisfactory and preferred by the non- Arabic population, compared to the Arabic group. Raw kipi is a suitable product for consumption from the microbiological point of view only if consumed before 6 hours after its preparation, which allows the Arabic population to continue consuming this plate without the addition of lemon. Conclusion: It is possible, for those who like the raw kipi with lemon, to increase its safety by adding lemon juice, a natural substance
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Id: ET1-3346 IBECS-Express
Autor: García Milla, Paula; Maraboli Ulloa, Daniela; Cubillos Schmied, Gonzalo; Fernández Frías, Francisco; Durán Agüero, Samuel.
Título: Consumo de bebidas azucaradas y composición corporal en soldados chilenos / Consumption of soft drinks and body composition in chilean soldiers
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):156-161, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391garcia.
Resumen: Objetivo: Comparar el consumo de bebidas azucaradas (BA) con la composición corporal en soldados. Métodos: A soldados se les realizó una encuesta alimentaria para determinar frecuencia de consumo de BA, además se midió la talla, el peso y composición corporal. Resultados: Se evaluaron a 375 soldados, la edad promedio de 23,7 ± 6,9 años. El 94.6% indica consumir BA, de ellos el 71% consumen ≥1 vaso de BA/día y un 23,4% ≥ 3 vasos/ día. La edad de mayor consumo de ≥1 vaso/día corresponde a los menores de 30 años con un 76,9%, seguido de los mayores de 40 años con un 50%. Los soldados que consumen ≥1 vaso de BA/día presentan un menor peso corporal, Índice de masa corporal (IMC), % de grasa corporal y proporción cintura cadera que aquellos que consumen ≤1 vaso de BA (p<0,001), sin embargo, presentan significativamente una menor edad (p<0,001). El mayor consumo de BA se encuentra en los grupos que presentan peso normal. Conclusiones: Se observa una elevada prevalencia de consumo de BA que sobrepasa al 90%. Sin embargo, el consumo de ≥1 vaso de BA se presenta en soldados jóvenes y con menor peso y grasa corporal

Introduction: Chile is the main consumer of soft drinks (SD) in the world. Objective: To compare the consumption of SD with body composition in soldiers. Methods: a cross-sectional study, male soldiers underwent a food survey to determine the frequency of SD consumption, and an anthropometric evaluation was carried out that included a measurement of height, weight and body composition. Results: 375 soldiers were evaluated, the average age being 23.7 ± 6.9 years. 94.6% of the sample indicates SD consumption, of which 71% consumed ≥1 glass of SD / day and 23.4% ≥ 3 glasses / day. The age of greatest consumption of ≥1 glass / day corresponds to those under 30 with 76.9%, followed by those over 40 with 50%. Soldiers who consume ≥1 glass of SD / day have less body weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat% and hip waist ratio than those who consume ≤1 glass of SD (p <0.001), However, they present a significantly lower age (p <0.001). The highest consumption of SD is found in the groups that present normal weight and body fat
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Id: ET1-3345 IBECS-Express
Autor: Cordero, María Laura; Cesani, María Florencia.
Título: Calidad de vida relacionada a la salud, sobrepeso y obesidad en contextos de fragmentación socioterritorial de la provincia de Tucumán (Argentina) / Health-related quality of life, overweight and obesity in contexts of socio-territorial fragmentation of the province of Tucumán (Argentina)
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):146-155, 2019. tab, mapas, graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391cordero.
Resumen: Introducción: Durante la infancia, la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud caracteriza dominios físicos, cognitivos, psicológicos y sociales considerando la capacidad de desarrollar actividades de acuerdo con la etapa de crecimiento y desarrollo. Su estudio en poblaciones infantiles con sobrepeso y obesidad contribuye a la determinación de la carga global de la enfermedad y a delinear políticas públicas. Objetivos: Describir y comparar la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud según la presencia o ausencia de sobrepeso y obesidad, en niños y niñas de 8 a 12 años, Yerba Buena (Tucumán, Argentina). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo transverso en 985 niños/as de escuelas públicas. Se relevó peso y talla. Se calculó el índice de masa corporal, distinguiéndose las categorías: 1) con sobrepeso, 2) con obesidad y 3) sin exceso de peso. Para el estudio de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud se administró el cuestionario Kidscreen- 52. El análisis estadístico consideró la determinación de prevalencias, intervalos de confianza, análisis de varianza y pruebas post hoc (p<0,05). Resultados: El 34% de los escolares presentó exceso de peso (20% sobrepeso, 14% obesidad), sin diferencias sexuales. Los escolares con obesidad presentaron puntuaciones medias significativamente más bajas en las dimensiones de calidad de vida relacionada a la salud: bienestar físico, autopercepción y autonomía (p<0,01). La autopercepción de la salud de los varones se vio más perjudicada que en las mujeres. Conclusiones: El sobrepeso y, especialmente la obesidad, comprometen la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de los escolares de Yerba Buena. Las dimensiones más perjudicadas son las relacionadas con el bienestar físico y psicosocial (autopercepción y autonomía). Las mujeres perciben mejor su salud que los varones

Introduction: During childhood, health-related quality of life characterizes physical, cognitive, psychological and social domains considering the ability to develop activities according to the stage of growth and development. Its study in child populations with excess weight and obesity contributes to the determination of the global burden of the disease and to delineate public policies.Objective: To describe and compare health-related quality of life according to the presence or absence of overweight and obesity, in children from 8 to 12 years, Yerba Buena (Tucumán, Argentina). Methods: A transverse quantitative study was carried out in 985 public school children. Weight and height were collected. The body mass index was calculated, distinguishing the categories: 1) with overweight, 2) with obesity and 3) without excess weight. For the study of the health-related quality of life, the Kidscreen-52 questionnaire was applied. The statistical analysis considered the determination of prevalences, confidence intervals, analysis of variance and post hoc tests (p <0.05). Results: 34% of schoolchildren presented excess weight (20% overweight, 14% obesity), without sexual differences. Schoolchildren with obesity presented significantly lower average scores in the dimensions of health-related quality of life: physical well-being, self-perception and autonomy (p <0.01). The self-perception of health in boys was more affected than in girls. Conclusions: Overweight and, especially obesity, compromise health-related quality of life of Yerba Buena schoolchildren. The most affected dimensions are those related to physical and psychosocial well-being (self-perception and autonomy). Girls perceive their health better than boys
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Id: ET1-3344 IBECS-Express
Autor: Lobato, Talita Ariane Amaro; Silva, Thiago Oliveira da; Correa, Laurena Santos Von-Grapp; Ainett, Waléria do Socorro de Oliveira; Roza, Ághata Konrad da.
Título: Aprimoramento do gerenciamento de riscos na distribuição de dietas hospitalares por via oral / Improving risk management in the distribution of hospital diets by oral
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):141-145, 2019. graf.
Idioma: pt.
doi: 10.12873/391lobato.
Resumen: Introdução: As Unidades Alimentação e Nutrição hospitalares orientam-se principalmente para a oferta de refeições nutricionalmente equilibradas e seguras do ponto de vista da qualidade higiênico-sanitária e, adicionalmente, para a recuperação ou manutenção da saúde dos indivíduos. Objetivos: Aprimorar a assertividade na distribuição de dietas hospitalares por via oral, visando garantir a qualidade do atendimento nutricional prestado. Métodos: Estudo observacional, descritivo, de natureza prospectiva, realizado entre os 02 a 13 de abril de 2018, no período matutino, desenvolvido em uma Unidades Alimentação e Nutrição hospitalar de um hospital público, localizado região metropolitana de Belém. Bandejas de refeição de pacientes caracterizaram a amostra, e a ocorrência de quase-falhas foram quantificadas pelo Índice de Erros de Dietas, e aprimorar práticas de controles. Resultados: No período, foram servidas 813 dietas e Índice de Erros de Dietas de 8,31% antes e 2,72% após as práticas aprimoradas. Conclusão: O gerenciamento das situações de risco para as falhas na distribuição de dietas hospitalares demonstrou ser eficaz na prevenção de erros de dietas, oferecendo ao paciente um cuidado nutricional mais seguro

Introduction: The Hospital Food and Nutrition Units are mainly oriented towards the provision of nutritionally balanced and safe meals from the point of view of hygienic-sanitary quality and, additionally, for the recovery or maintenance of individuals' health. Objective: To improve assertiveness in the distribution of oral hospital diets, aiming at guaranteeing the quality of the nutritional care provided. Methodology: Observational, descriptive, prospective study, performed between April 02 and 13, 2018, in the morning, developed in a hospital Food and Nutrition Units of a public hospital, located in the metropolitan region of Belém. Patient meal trays characterized the sample, and the occurrence of near misses were quantified by the Diet Errors Index, and to improve control practices. Results: In the period, 813 diets and Diet Errors Index of 8.31% were served before and 2.72% after the improved practices. Conclusions: The management of risk situations for failures in the distribution of hospital diets has proven to be effective in the prevention of dieting errors, providing the patient with safer nutritional care

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Id: ET1-3343 IBECS-Express
Autor: Lara Severino, Reyna del Carmen; García Orrí, José Joaquín; Parra Pérez, Joaquín José; Zúñiga Juárez, Margarita; Rejón Lorenzo, Gloria Guadalupe; Benítez Gómez, Abi Anaí.
Título: Consistencia interna y estructura factorial de la escala de desinhibición alimentaria a través de las contribuciones del Análisis Factorial Exploratorio con rotación Varimax, el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson y el coeficiente alpha de Cronbach / Internal consistency and factorial structure of the dietary disinhibition survey through the contributions of Exploratory Factor Analysis with Varimax rotation, the Pearson correlation coefficient and Cronbach alpha coefficient
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):133-140, 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391lara.
Resumen: Objetivo: Evaluar la consistencia interna y la estructura factorial de la escala de desinhibición alimentaria aplicado a una muestra de estudiantes universitarios del campus III de la Universidad Autónoma del Carmen. Diseño: Estudio observacional, transversal y analítico. Emplazamiento: Facultades de Ciencias de la Salud, Ingeniería, Ciencias Naturales y Arquitectura del campus III de la Universidad Autónoma del Carmen, Cd del Carmen, Campeche. Sujetos: Muestra aleatoria constituida por 440 estudiantes universitarios inscritos en las diferentes disciplinas de las áreas de la salud, ingeniería, ciencias naturales y arquitectura. Métodos: Se analizó la consistencia interna y la estructura factorial de la escala de desinhibición alimentaria mediante Análisis Factorial Exploratorio (AFE) con rotación Varimax, coeficiente de correlación de Pearson y coeficiente alpha de Cronbach. Resultados: A través del AFE se obtuvo una estructura factorial de 3 factores con valores propios > 1, que explican el 44.165 % de la varianza. Mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, los reactivos o ítems que se agruparon en cada uno de los factores, mostraron una correlación "intra- factor" positiva y estadísticamente significativa, indicando el sentido de pertenencia al factor en el cual fueron agrupados por el modelo factorial. El coeficiente alfa de Cronbach alcanzo un valor de 0.676 para el análisis de escala total. Conclusiones: Los resultados encontrados muestran que el instrumento analizado es pertinente y confiable en su conjunto y representa un aporte a los procedimientos de estimación de los factores que inciden en la aparición de la desinhibición alimentaria

Objective: To evaluate the internal consistency and the factorial structure of the dietary disinhibition survey applied to a sample of university students from campus III of the Universidad Autónoma del Carmen. Design: Observational, transversal and analytical study. Location: Faculties of Health Sciences, Engineering, Natural Sciences and Architecture of the III campus of the Autonomous University of Carmen, Cd del Carmen, Campeche. Subjects: Random sample constituted by 440 university students enrolled in the different disciplines of the areas of health, engineering, natural sciences and architecture. Methods: The internal consistency and the factorial structure of the dietary disinhibition survey was analyzed by: i) Exploratory Factor Analysis (AFE) with Varimax rotation, ii) Pearson correlation coefficient and iii) Cronbach alpha coefficient. Results: Through AFE, a factorial structure of 3 factors with eigenvalues> 1 was obtained, which explains 44.165% of the variance. Using Pearson's correlation coefficient, the reagents or items that were grouped in each of the factors showed a positive and statistically significant "intra-factor" correlation, indicating the sense of belonging to the factor in which they were grouped by the model factorial. The Cronbach alpha coefficient reached a value of 0.676 for the full scale analysis. Conclusions: The results show that the analyzed instrument is relevant and reliable as a whole and represents a contribution to the estimation procedures of the factors that affect the appearance of dietary disinhibition
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET1-3342 IBECS-Express
Autor: González Alcantud, B; Leo Roca, J; Díez Moreno, D; Cruz Ortiz, J De la; Martín Salinas, C.
Título: Diagnósticos enfermeros prevalentes en personas mayores no institucionalizadas / Prevalent nursing diagnoses in non-institutionalized older people
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):128-132, 2019. graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391gonzalez.
Resumen: Objetivos: Identificar posibles deficiencias nutricionales y establecer los diagnósticos enfermeros más prevalentes en personas mayores no institucionalizadas. Material y métodos: Proyecto piloto en el que se ha utilizado la herramienta Mini Nutritional Assessment a personas de nuestro entorno, mayores de 65 años, que viven en su domicilio y aparentemente en buen estado de salud. Resultados: Se han realizado 24 encuestas a personas mayores, con una media de edad de 82 años y un rango entre los 68 y los 90 años. Todos presentaban riesgo nutricional, siendo alto en 19 de ellas. Se han identificado cuatro diagnósticos enfermeros que, por orden de frecuencia son: "deterioro de la deglución", "Ingesta inferior a las necesidades", "Déficit de autocuidado: alimentación" y "gestión ineficaz de la propia salud". Sin embargo, en ningún caso, ni la familia ni la propia persona, habían considerado la posibilidad de consultar con su médico o enfermera por suponer las causas del riesgo como normales a consecuencia de la edad. Conclusiones: La valoración del riesgo nutricional mediante herramientas de cribado, es un requisito esencial en la atención de los adultos mayores no institucionalizados y con autonomía funcional, al tratarse de un segmento de población que, aunque no suelen presentar problemas de malnutrición, si pueden estar en situación de riesgo, que puede pasar desapercibido por su autonomía o por su aparente buen estado de salud

Objetives: Identify possible nutritional deficiencies and establish the most prevalent nursing diagnoses in non-institutionalized older people. Material and methods: It has been carried out an exercise in which students have applied the Mini Nutritional Assessment tool to people over 65 years old of our environment who live in their own homes and apparently in good health condition. Results: 24 surveys have been carried out to old people with an average age of 82 and an age range of 68 to 90. All of them had nutrition risk and it was high in 19 of them. Four nursing diagnoses have been identified (by order of frequency): "Impaired swallowing", "Imbalanced nutrition: less than body", "Feeding self-care deficit", "Ineffective health management". However, neither the family nor the tested person had considered the possibility of consulting their general practitioner or community nurse because they assumed this risk was part of normal aging process Conclusions: The assessment of nutritional risk by screening tools is an essential requirement in the care of noninstitutionalized elderly people with functional autonomy. Despite the fact that they do not usually suffer malnutrition problems, this segment of population may be in an unnoticed risk situation because of their autonomy and their apparent good health status
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET1-3341 IBECS-Express
Autor: Garraza, Mariela; Navone, Graciela Teresa; Oyhenart, Evelia Edith.
Título: Desnutrición y enteroparasitosis en escolares del departamento de Guaymallén, Mendoza / Undernutrition and enteroparasitoses among schoolchildren in the department of Guaymallén, Mendoza
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;39(1):120-127, 2019. tab, mapas.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/391garraza.
Resumen: Introducción: La desnutrición y las enteroparasitosis infantiles representan un problema de salud pública. Sus prevalencias varían según el área geográfica y las condiciones socio-ambientales de residencia. Objetivo: Analizar la desnutrición y las enteroparasitosis, en relación a las condiciones socio-ambientales de residencia, en niños del departamento de Guaymallén Mendoza. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio antropométrico transversal que involucró a 947 niños de 4 a 10 años de edad concurrentes a escuelas públicas del departamento de Guaymallén. A fin de determinar el estado nutricional se empleó la referencia OMS 2007. Del análisis parasitológico participaron 192 niños. Las técnicas utilizadas para el diagnóstico parasitológico fueron Ritchie modificada y escobillado anal. La caracterización socio-ambiental se realizó mediante encuesta autoadministrada y semiestructurada. Resultados: La población analizada presentó mayor desnutrición crónica (4,8%), seguida de desnutrición global (2,4%) y por último emaciación (1,2%). El análisis parasitológico indicó que el 70,8% de los niños de Guaymallén estaba parasitado por al menos una especie. Las especies más prevalentes fueron Enterobius vermicularis (33,9%) y Blastocystis sp. (28,6%). Los niños desnutridos y/o parasitados vivían en condiciones socio-ambientales y económicas desfavorables. Conclusión: Las condiciones socio-ambientales desempeñan un papel importante en el crecimiento y en la salud de los niños. La elevada desnutrición y enteroparasitosis se manifiestan mayoritariamente en niños cuyos padres tienen empleos no calificados y bajo nivel de instrucción y sus hogares carecen de servicios sanitarios adecuados. La falta de saneamiento ambiental favorece la presencia de parásitos intestinales transmitidos principalmente a través del agua, alimentos contaminados o por contacto interpersonal

Introduction: The undernutrition and childhood enteroparasitoses is a public health problem. The prevalence varies according to the geographical area and the socio-environmental conditions of residence. Objective: To analyze undernutrition and enteroparasitoses in relation to socio-environmental conditions of residence, in children of the department of Guaymallén Mendoza.Methods: A cross-sectional anthropometric study was made involving 947 children aged 4 to 10 attending public schools in the department of Guaymallén. In order to determine the nutritional status, the WHO 2007 reference was used. The parasitological analysis was made on 192 children. The techniques used for the parasitological diagnosis were Ritchie modified and anal brushing. The socio-environmental characterization was performed by semi-structured and selfadministered survey. Results: The analyzed population presented greater stunting (4.8%), followed by underweight (2.4%) and finally wasting (1.2%). The parasitological analysis indicated that 70.8% of the children of Guaymallén were parasitized by at least one species. The most prevalent species were Enterobius vermicularis (33.9%) and Blastocystis sp. (28.6%). Undernutrited and/or parasitized children lived in unfavorable socio-environmental and economic conditions. Conclusion: Socio-environmental conditions perform an important role in the growth and the health of children. High undernutrition and intestinal parasites are mainly manifested in children whose parents have low level of education and unskilled jobs and their homes have deficiencies in sanitation services. The lack of environmental sanitation favors the presence of intestinal parasites transmitted mainly through water, contaminated food or through interpersonal contact
Responsable: BNCS



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