Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1136-4890" [ISSN]
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  1 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6880 IBECS-Express
Autor: Portillo, Mónico; Nuñez, Marina; Segura, Mara.
Título: Disgust in eating disorders, a basic emotion
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):69-74, ago. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The cognitive and emotional factors linked to the body image perceived by people with eating disorders and obesity can be so negative. Even, they lead to inappropriate behaviors and surgical treatments and interventions that involve health risks. As an inducing emotion, Disgust appears frequently linked to both the body and other factors related to eating disorders

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  2 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6879 IBECS-Express
Autor: Sotomayor, Eva; Aguiar, Fernando.
Título: Illness and disgust. Compensation strategies of patients and healthcare professionals
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):63-68, ago. 2020. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: In this article, we carry out a review of disgust in healthcare contexts (healthcare staff and patients), a topic not studied enough yet. To this end, we first accomplish a brief presentation of disgust biological and socio-moral elements, which allow us to understand the role of disgust in patients' rejection of their own wounds and self-healing. Disgust can lead patients to refuse self-care treatments after surgery or refuse to carry out diagnostic tests. On the other hand, health professionals are not exempt from feeling disgust because they are in con-tact with factors that cause it, which may conflict with professional ethics and the duty of care. In addition, we present the preliminary results of a pilot study in which we show what causes dis-gust in doctors and nurses and how they deal with it. The results point to compensation strategies that could affect the quality of care. In this sense, it is necessary to highlight the differences between the factors that cause disgust, since on many occasions they are not due to the disease, but to the lack of hygiene on patient's side. In short, due to disgust, the patients could refuse to heal their wounds on their own and due to this same emotion doctors may feel discomfort in at-tending the patients

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  3 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6878 IBECS-Express
Autor: Luis-Martínez, Zenón.
Título: "A Weight of Carrion Flesh": Measuring Disgust, Shakespearean Mimesis
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):51-62, ago. 2020.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The present article argues that a Shakespearean poetics of disgust unveils a deeper concern in his work with the moral and social limits of the emotions. The essay first looks into a well-known treatise on physiology and psychology, Thomas Wright's The Passions of the Minde in Generall (1601, 1604), in relation to Renaissance theories of poetry and Shakespeare's figurations of disgust in Hamlet (1601), King Lear (1604), The Winter's Tale(1611) and Timon of Athens (1607). Its aim is to explore the capacity of metaphors and tropes, in both medical and poetic discourse, to test affective intensity, as measuring the passions was considered a necessary condition for moral and social well-being. In Shakespeare's plays the moral dimension of disgust is often put to question by the aesthetic element inherent in poetic mimesis, which tends to depict the disgusting as a source of pleasure. The essay's second part turns to The Merchant of Venice (1596) to assess, through the trajectories of disgust that sustain the rivalry be-ween the merchant Antonio and the moneylender Shylock, a second notion of mimesis: the envious emulation of others' ways of feeling that cultural theorists like René Girard (1991) have signposted as the core of Shakespeare's modernity. In broad-er terms, this study points to the centrality of the these two notions of mimesis for an understanding of the early modern phenomenology of the emotions

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  4 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6877 IBECS-Express
Autor: López de Munain, Gorka.
Título: The faces of disgust. Death masks of famous and infamous
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):39-49, ago. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Human faces are not usually objects of disgust. However, this can be diffuse if there are some kind of malformations or if they are masks of dead people. Corpses disgust us not only by reminding us of our mortal condition, but also by their association with immoral acts. This article proposes to analyze the relationship between the bodies and faces of corpses and their reaction with physical and moral disgust

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  5 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6876 IBECS-Express
Autor: Biernoff, Suzannah.
Título: Face transplantation and the anatomy of facelessness
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):29-37, ago. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Heather Laine Talley locates the still-experimental technique of face transplantation within a contemporary 'disfigurement imaginary' that equates facial difference with social death. This paper extends Talley's account by considering the ideological and affective components of 'facelessness' as a shared cultural idea. The first part of the paper argues that 'facelessness' has a history that links the stigma of facial war injuries in early twentieth century Europe to current assumptions about the horror of disfigurement. The second part of the paper uses Georges Franju's Les Yeux sans Visage (Eyes Without a Face, 1959) to examine the aesthetics of horror and the uses of cinematic disgust. The paper concludes with a discussion of the 'framing' or management of disgust in the contexts of transplant medicine and anatomical illustration. Face transplantation, it is argued, presents a particular challenge to the 'spare parts' model that has dominated the biomedical approach to organ transfer

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  6 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6875 IBECS-Express
Autor: Cruz, Pedro A.
Título: Blood and pollution: visualisations of menstrual flow in contemporary art
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):23-28, ago. 2020.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Nowadays menstrual blood is the only kind that neo-capitalist patriarchal decorum will not tolerate. At a time when the visual industry has successfully monetarised the "seduction of blood", the representation of this type of female fluid remains completely barred and relegated to invisibility. The identification of menstrual blood with pollution has become a hegemonic cultural construct that seeks to safeguard the ideals of purity and whiteness through which women's bodies are socially coded. Contemporary artistic practice has reacted against this state of affairs by turning this cultural dirtiness into a political tool with which to expand the limits of female body experience. From the early 1970s to the present, a number of women artists have made crucial contributions to this field of work known as menstrual art, in which the primary aim has been to formulate an alternative image of periods that could put women back in control of the most intimate aspects of their physical and emotional identity

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  7 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6874 IBECS-Express
Autor: Maruri, Amaya.
Título: Sick skin. The history of the dermatological representations in Olavide Museum
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):15-22, ago. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: This article presents a review of the history of dermatology through the visual teaching aids employed, including both two-dimensional illustrations in texts such as the dermatological atlases, and three-dimensional representations through moulages. We will examine the Olavide Museum and its contextualisation within 19th century dermatology, concluding with an analysis of a pathology within the institution's systems of representation. The guiding thread throughout this study will be the emotion of disgust in relation to disease. We aim to show how disgust does not invariably respond to an atavistic mechanism but rather can be influenced by our knowledge, our methods of observation and our ability to "transform" reality

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  8 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6873 IBECS-Express
Autor: Montiel, Luis.
Título: Salubrious disgust: excrement therapy in Eighteenth-century Medicine
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):7-14, ago. 2020.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The use of repulsive substances, often consisting of human or animal excrement, to treat numerous diseases was quite common in primitive and ar-chaic cultures. Historical research has given this phenomenon the name of Dreck Apotheke or "excremental pharmacopoeia," and it is precisely this term that is the title of a medical text published in 1699 by a German physician, Christian Franz Paullini: Heylsame Dreck-Apotheke (Salubrious excremental pharmacopoeia). This paper aims to explain, to the extent possible, the inopportune proposal of treating human diseases using feces and urine in an age when most doctors were against said doctrine

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  9 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6872 IBECS-Express
Autor: Montiel, Luis.
Título: About Disgust: a brief introduction
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(supl.1):7-14, ago. 2020.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The use of repulsive substances, often consisting of human or animal excrement, to treat numerous diseases was quite common in primitive and ar-chaic cultures. Historical research has given this phenomenon the name of Dreck Apotheke or ôexcremental pharmacopoeia,ö and it is precisely this term that is the title of a medical text published in 1699 by a German physician, Christian Franz Paullini: Heylsame Dreck-Apotheke (Salubrious excremental pharmacopoeia). This paper aims to explain, to the extent possible, the inopportune proposal of treating human diseases using feces and urine in an age when most doctors were against said doctrine

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  10 / 762 IBECS  
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Id: ET2-6871 IBECS-Express
Autor: González-Uriel, Pablo; Armesto Pérez, V; Suárez-Quintanilla, Juan A.
Título: Clinical anatomy of cervical spondylosis
Fuente: Eur. j. anat;24(5):439-448, sept. 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The aim of this study is to describe the anatomical alterations in complementary tests (MRI and EMG) in patients with cervicobrachialgia according to sex and age. Retrospective study of 184 patients with cervicobrachialgia who underwent cervical MRI and EMG. The variables analyzed were gender, age, elements of spondylosis (osteophytes, arthropathy, spondylolisthesis and canal stenosis), the type of disc disease (protrusion and herniated disc) and curvature in the sagittal plane. The EMG was used to evaluate the neurogenic findings in the muscles dependent on the spinal roots of C4 to C8-T1.Average age was 53.65±11.96 years. The patients were evaluated for the presence of osteophytes (n = 111), arthropathy (n = 76), spondylolisthesis (n = 15) and stenosis of the spinal canal (n = 35). The highest incidences were osteophytes in C5-C6 (n = 108), protrusions in C5-C6 (n = 58), herniated disc in C5-C6 (n=18) and neurogenic findings in C7 (n = 130). The rectification of cervical lordosis appeared in 124 patients.S pondylosis increases with age. Disc herniations, disc protrusions and motor radiculopathy are more frequent in the 5th to 6th years of life. In patients with cervicobrachialgia, the sagittal rectification is more common than the normal lordosis

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