Base de datos : IBECS
Búsqueda : "1698-6946" [ISSN]
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  1 / 2001 IBECS  
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Texto Completo
Id: 192243
Autor: Van der Waal, Isaäc.
Título: Oral leukoplakia; a proposal for simplification and consistency of the clinical classification and terminology
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e799-e803, nov. 2019. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23372.
Resumen: There is a distinct lack of uniformity in the definitions and clinical terminologies related to oral leukoplakia and leukoplakialike lesions and disorders. Proposals have been put forward to subclassify leukoplakia into a homo-geneous and a non-homogeneous type based on color only, being either predominantly white or mixed white-and-red, respectively, irrespective of the texture of the lesion. In this proposal there is no need anymore to regard the poorly defined proliferative verrucous leukoplakia as a separate entity. Since keratosis is primarily a histo-pathological term, its clinical use is discouraged. Alternative terminology for these so-called keratotic lesions and disorders has been put forward. Finally, a suggestion has been made to rename the term hairy leukoplakia, being a well defined, not potentially malignant disorder particularly related to HIV-infection, into 'EBV-positive white lesion of the tongue' (EBVposWLT)

No disponible
Descriptores: leucoplasia oral/clasificación
enfermedades de la lengua/clasificación
-terminología como asunto
Límites: seres humanos
Responsable: BNCS


  2 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192242
Autor: Țenț, Paul-Andrei; Juncar, Raluca-Iualia; Juncar, Mihai.
Título: Clinical patterns and characteristics of midfacial fractures in western Romanian population: a 10-year retrospective study
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e792-e798, nov. 2019. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23153.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the clinical pattern of midfacial fractures and concomitant associated injuries in our geographical area, as well as to correlate them in order to determine the type of fracture with the highest incidence of associated injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 10-year retrospective evaluation of midfacial fractures was performed in 379 patients. RESULTS: Zygomatic complex fractures had the highest incidence (n = 242, 50%). The majority of the fractures were complete (n = 561, 92.42%), closed (n = 473, 84.16%) and without displacement (n = 454, 80.78%) regardless of the location of the fracture line (p = 0.014). All patients had at least one associated soft tissue injury (n = 379, 100%). The most frequent associated injury was hematoma (n = 308, 73.51%). Hematomas were predominant in the case of single fractures, while lacerations and excoriations were prevalent in the case of multiple fractures (p = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: Following trauma of the midface, patients with soft tissue hematomas will most probably have an underlying fracture with a single trajectory, while patients with lacerations will most probably have concomitant multiple bone fractures

No disponible
Descriptores: fracturas cigomáticas/epidemiología
-estudios retrospectivos
Rumanía/epidemiología
incidencia
Límites: seres humanos
Responsable: BNCS


  3 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192241
Autor: Bardellini, Elena; Amadori, Francesca; Conti, Giulio; Majorana, Alexandra.
Título: Efficacy of the photobiomodulation therapy in the treatment of the burning mouth syndrome
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e787-e791, nov. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23143.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) - in terms of pain and of quality of life- in patients affected by burning mouth syndrome (BMS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was designed as a randomised double-blinded prospective study. Patients diagnosed with BMS in the period from June 2015 to June 2018 were recruited. The patients were randomised into two groups and each received treatment once a week for ten weeks: group A received laser therapy (K Laser Cube 3(R)) while group B was given sham therapy (placebo). Pain was evaluated through the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and quality of life was assessed with the short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Assessment was done at baseline and after every therapy session. The researchers were blind to the randomised allocations. RESULTS: A total of 85 patients were analysed. Group A (laser treatment) was composed of 43 patients while group B (sham therapy) of 42 patients. Patients treated with PBMT showed a significant decrease in symptoms (p = 0.0008) and improved quality of life related to oral health (p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: PBMT has demonstrated to have a positive effect in relieving BMS symptoms and in improving a patient's overall quality of life

No disponible
Descriptores: síndrome de boca ardiente/terapia
tratamiento con láser de baja intensidad
-encuestas y cuestionarios
estudios prospectivos
método doble ciego
calidad de vida
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto
persona de mediana edad
anciano
Tipo de Publicación: ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado
Responsable: BNCS


  4 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192240
Autor: Palinkas, Marcelo; Marrara, Julio; Bataglion, César; Hallak, Jaime; Canto, Graziela de Luca; Scalize, Priscilla Hakime; Regalo, Isabela; Siéssere, Selma; Regalo, Simone.
Título: Analysis of the sleep period and the amount of habitual snoring in individuals with sleep bruxism
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e782-e786, nov. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23136.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: The literature does not report any association between habitual snoring and sleep bruxism, but these situations can be a reason for frequent complaints of individuals, impairing the quality of life. This study was per-formed to investigate the sleep period and amount of habitual snoring in individuals with sleep bruxism observing expiratory, inspiratory, and mixed snoring. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 individuals were screened and divided into the following groups: with sleep bruxism (n = 45) and those without sleep bruxism (n = 45). Single night sleep polysomnography was performed to diagnose sleep bruxism, quantify habitual snoring and sleep period. The results were tabulated and submitted to a Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to compare the means of the two independent groups, considering the affected diagnosis of sleep bruxism, snoring (independent variables) and age as covariate. For the post hoc, was used correcting for multiple comparisons (Bonferroni test, P < .05). RESULTS: There was statistically significant difference among the groups (p = .001) in the sleep period, in that individuals with sleep bruxism slept for a longer duration (with sleep bruxism group: 460 minutes and without sleep bruxism group: 401 minutes). There were no statistically significant differences among the groups for the number of inspiratory, expiratory and mixed snores, but was observed greater amount of snoring in the with sleep bruxism group. CONCLUSIONS: The main finding of this study is that individuals with sleep bruxism slept longer than the control group. It may also be suggested that individuals with sleep bruxism tended to increase the amount of habitual snoring dur-ing sleep

No disponible
Descriptores: bruxismo del sueño/psicología
bruxismo del sueño/diagnóstico
ruidos respiratorios
calidad de vida
-estudios de casos y controles
factores de tiempo
polisomnografía
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto joven
adulto
Responsable: BNCS


  5 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192239
Autor: Calixto, Nayra Rodrigues; Alves, Cláudia María Coêlho; Abreu, Luciene Maria Gomes; Thomaz, Erika Barbara Abreu Fonseca; Vidal, Flavia Castello Branco; Filho, Isaac Suzart Gomes; Lopes, Fernanda Ferreira.
Título: Detection of periodontal pathogens in mothers of preterm birth and/or low weight
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e776-e781, nov. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23135.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: The present study aims to estimate the possible relationship between periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity and the birth of Preterm Birth (PTB) and/or Low Birth Weight (LBW). MATERIAL AND METHODS: It's a case- control study with the subgengival biofilm samples were collected from four sites up deeper until 48 hours postpartum and were processes by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for presence the periodontal pathogens Prevotella intermedia (Pi), Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Treponema denticola (Td), Tannerella forsythia (Tf) e Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa). The mothers were divided into case grup (babies weighing < 2500 g and/or gestational age < 37 weeks) and control group (babies weighing ≥ 2500 g and gestational age ≥ 37 weeks). Chi-square test and the measure of association obtained by Odds Ratio (OR) were used to estimate the association between the variables. RESULTS: Microbial analyses results showed no significant association between PTB and LBW with most periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity, even with association with the clinical presence of periodontitis. CONCLUSIONS: given the high presence of periodontal pathogens in the biofilm subgengival of recent mothers, it is suggested that the findings of this research serve as the basis for future studies on the pathophysiology involved in the relationship between periodontitis and PTB and/or LBW

No disponible
Descriptores: enfermedades periodontales/microbiología
recién nacido de muy bajo peso
nacimiento prematuro
-Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
Porphyromonas gingivalis/aislamiento & purificación
Prevotella intermedia/aislamiento & purificación
Treponema denticola/aislamiento & purificación
estudios de casos y controles
reacción en cadena de la polimerasa
Límites: seres humanos
femenino
embarazo
recién nacido
niño
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
Responsable: BNCS


  6 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192238
Autor: Nascimento, Michele-Lopes do; Farias, Andreza-Barkokebas-Santos de; Carvalho, Alessandra-Tavares; Albuquerque, Raylane-Farias de; Ribeiro, Luscas-Nascimiento; Leão, Jair-Carneiro; Silva, Igor-Henrique-Morais.
Título: Impact of xerostomia on the quality of life of patients submitted to head and neck radiotherapy
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e770-e775, nov. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23131.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the impact of xerostomia on the quality of life of patients who underwent radiotherapy in the head and neck region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, quantitative study. The sample comprised 40 patients whose xerostomia was classified through the xerostomia inventory and the quality of life evaluated through the oral health impact profile questionnaire (OHIP). RESULTS: The majority of participants were male (75%), mean age 58.7 years. According to the degree of severity of the xerostomia, the average score among the participants was 36 points, this being considered moderate xerostomia. A significant impact was observed, with the median score 11 points, with the highest scores in the domains related to functional limitation, physical pain and physical disability. The majority of the participants (97.5%) had reduced salivary flow after the end of radiotherapy. There was a significant positive correlation between the degree of xerostomia and reduced quality of life, Pearson correlation 0.5421, (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Based upon the results it is concluded that xerostomia has a negative impact on the quality of life of patients who undergo radiotherapy in the head and neck region

No disponible
Descriptores: neoplasias de cabeza y cuello/radioterapia
radioterapia/efectos adversos
xerostomía/psicología
xerostomía/etiología
calidad de vida
-índice de la gravedad de la enfermedad
encuestas y cuestionarios
estudios transversales
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
persona de mediana edad
anciano
Responsable: BNCS


  7 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192237
Autor: Witek, Lukasz; Alifarag, Adham M; Tovar, Nick; Lopez, Christopher D; Gil, Luiz F; Gorbonosov, Michelle; Hannan, Kaitlin; Neiva, Rodrigo; Coelho, Paulo G.
Título: Osteogenic parameters surrounding trabecular tantalum metal implants in osteotomies prepared via osseodensification drilling
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e764-e769, nov. 2019. ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23103.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: Surgical fixation of implants into bone for the correction of bone deformities or defects is a traditional approach for skeletal stabilization. Important measures of efficacy of implants include implant stability and osseo integration-the direct interaction between living bone and an implant. Osseointegration depends on successful implant placement and subsequent bone remodeling. This study utilized osseo densification drilling (OD) in a low bone density model using trabecular metal (TM) implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three osteotomy sites, Regular, OD-CW (clockwise), and OD-CCW (counterclockwise), were prepared in each ilium of three female sheep. Drilling was performed at 1100rpm with saline irrigation. Trabecular metal (TM) (Zimmer(R), Parsippany, NJ, USA) implants measuring 3.7mm in diameter X 10mm length were placed into respective osteotomies. A three-week period post-surgery was given to allow for healing to take place after which all three sheep were euthanized and the ilia were collected. Samples were prepared, qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed using histology micrographs and image analysis software (ImageJ, NIH, Bethesda, MD). Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) were quantified to evaluate the osseointegration parameters. RESULTS: All implants exhibit successful bone formation in the peri-implant environment as well as within the open spaces of the trabecular network. Osseointegration within the TM (quantified by %BIC) as a function of drilling technique was more pronounced in OD samples (p > 0.05). The %BAFO however shows a significant difference (p = 0.036) between the CCW and R samples. Greater bone volume and frequency of bone chips are observed in OD samples. CONCLUSION: The utilization of OD as a design for improved fixation of hardware was supported by increased levels of stability, both primary and secondary. Histological data with OD provided notably different results from those of the regular drilling method

No disponible
Descriptores: implantación dental intraósea
osteointegración
osteogénesis
-osteotomía
tantalio
modelos animales
ovinos
Límites: animales
femenino
Responsable: BNCS


  8 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192236
Autor: Lins, Larissa Suelen da Silva; Bezerra, Natanael Victor Fortunato; Freire, Aldelany Ramalho; Almeida, Leopoldina de Fatima Dantas de; Lucena, Edson Hilan Gomes de; Cavalcanti, Yuri Wanderley.
Título: Socio-demographic characteristics are related to the advanced clinical stage of oral cancer
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e759-e763, nov. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23105.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: Social determinants may be associated with the onset and progression of the clinical stage of oral cancer. AIM: To evaluate the impact of socio-demographic characteristics on the prevalence of advanced clinical stage of oral cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information about 51,116 cases of oral cancer, from all Brazilian states, between 2000 and 2012, was obtained from the Cancer Registry Information System. The clinical stage of oral cancer (dependent variable) was classified as initial (stages I and II) or advanced (stages III and IV). The relationship between the clinical stage of oral cancer and the following independent variables was analyzed: sex, age, schooling, marital status, family history of cancer, and origin of referral. Analyses on frequency distribution and multivariate binary logistic regression model were performed (alfa < 0.05). RESULTS: Compared to individuals with no schooling, those who attended elementary to high school (OR = 2.461) and college education (OR = 3.050) had a higher prevalence of advanced cases of oral cancer. Individuals without a partner (OR = 14,209) demonstrated a higher prevalence compared to married individuals. Subjects aged 20-44 years (OR = 4.081) and 45-64 years (OR = 14.875) had a higher prevalence compared to those aged 15-19 years. The variables gender, family history of cancer and origin of referral integrated the binary model of logistic regression, but did not present statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic factors may be related to the advanced clinical stage of oral cancer

No disponible
Descriptores: neoplasias de la boca/epidemiología
-estadificación de neoplasias
factores socioeconómicos
estudios transversales
prevalencia
Brasil/epidemiología
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
persona de mediana edad
Tipo de Publicación: estudio comparativo
Responsable: BNCS


  9 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192235
Autor: Camacho-Alonso, Fabio; Muñoz-Cámara, Daniel; Sánchez-Siles, Mariano.
Título: Attitudes of dental implantologists in Spain to prescribing antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in healthy patients
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e752-e758, nov. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: The implantologists frequently prescribe antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in dental implant surgery. The aims of this study were to evaluate the attitudes of implantologists in Murcia (Spain) to prescribing antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in healthy patients during different implant dentistry procedures, and to see how these are influenced by individual dentist's academic level, professional experience, and ongoing training (attending courses or reading scientific literature on medication use). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 200 implantologists from the Murcia area (Spain), who each completed a two-page questionnaire consisting of 26 questions. RESULTS: The implant procedure in which most dentists (n = 97) prescribed antibiotics was multiple implant surgery with flap raising, in which 55.6% of these 97 respondents used a prophylactic antibiotic regime for 7 days after implant placement. All subjects (n = 200) prescribed analgesics for eight out of the eleven procedures included in the survey and anti-inflammatories in six. Dentists with higher academic levels or longer professional experience prescribed more antibiotics, but those who underwent continuous training (attending courses or reading scientific literature) reduced antibiotic prescription. CONCLUSIONS: Dentists often prescribed antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in almost all implant procedures in healthy patients, but ongoing training reduced the frequency of antibiotic prescription in some procedures

No disponible
Descriptores: antibacterianos/administración & dosificación
patrones de la práctica odontológica
analgésicos/administración & dosificación
antiinflamatorios/administración & dosificación
prescripciones de medicamentos/estadística & datos numéricos
-encuestas y cuestionarios
estudios transversales
actitud
España
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adulto joven
adulto
persona de mediana edad
anciano
Responsable: BNCS


  10 / 2001 IBECS  
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Id: 192234
Autor: Rodrigues, Éwerton Daniel; Pereira, Gabrila Soares; Vasconcelos, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito; Ribeiro, Renato da Costa.
Título: Effect of preemptive dexamethasone and etoricoxib on postoperative period following impacted third molar surgery - a randomized clinical trial
Fuente: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(6):e746-e751, nov. 2019. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.23095.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of dexamethasone and etoricoxib after third molar extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled, split-mouth study was conducted. 19 volunteers were allocated randomly to receive 90mg etoricoxib 1 hour prior to the procedure or 4mg intramuscular dexamethasone immediately after anesthesia. Baseline measurements were obtained preoperatively, and subsequent assessments were made on immediate postoperative, at 72 hours and 7 days after surgery to measure postoperative facial swelling by use of linear measurements, interincisal mouth opening width and visual analog scale score for pain. The amount of analgesics consumed was recorded. Descriptive statistics and the independent-samples t-test were used to compare the two groups at P < 0.05. RESULTS: Dexamethasone was effective in the control roasted edema for measurements of the mandibular angle - wing of the nose and mandibular angle - labial commissure 72 hours after surgery. And for the measurement mandibular angle - mentum, in the time of 72 hours and 7 days. There was no statistically significant difference in relation to pain and trismus. CONCLUSIONS: Considering significant results for some measures of the variable edema for the group that used intramuscular dexamethasone and the difference without statistical significance between groups for the other variables studied, we seem to reflect the intramuscular indication of the corticosteroid in a single dosage in relation to the use of etoricoxib as pre-emptive medication

No disponible
Descriptores: tercer molar/cirugía
diente impactado/cirugía
dexametasona/uso terapéutico
antiinflamatorios/uso terapéutico
etoricoxib/uso terapéutico
antiinflamatorios no esteroideos/uso terapéutico
-método doble ciego
edema/prevención & control
medida del dolor
dolor posoperatorio/prevención & control
estudios prospectivos
extracción dental
trismo
Límites: seres humanos
masculino
femenino
adolescente
adulto joven
adulto
Tipo de Publicación: ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado
Responsable: BNCS



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