Base de datos : IBECS
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Id: ET1-6822 IBECS-Express
Autor: Marín Vila, María; Ortiz Fune, Carmen; Kanter, Jonathan W.
Título: Modelo conductual-contextual de las relaciones íntimas: aplicabilidad en psicoterapia / Behavioral-contextual model of intimate relationships: applicability in psychotherapy
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):373-394, oct. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Resumen en español

Intimate relationships matter for both human's physical and psychological health. Although many theories have been developed to study this topic, there is no consensus about the underlying processes in human relationships. The Interpersonal Process Model, which has well-established empirical support, aims to address the development of intimate relationships describing them as observed behaviors. This has important implications in psychotherapy, especially for those approaches that understand the interpersonal patient-therapist relationship as a tool for change. That is the case of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy. In this paper we articulate a model of intimate relationships based on Interpersonal Process Model and the principles of Functional Behavioral Analysis, connecting it with previous results on the field of intimate relationships. Likewise, a discussion about its implications in psychotherapy and its utility to solve some Functional Analytic Psychotherapy's limitations is presented
Responsable: BNCS


  2 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6821 IBECS-Express
Autor: Rahal, Gustavo Matheus; Gon, Marcia Cristina Caserta.
Título: A systematic review of values interventions in acceptance and commitment therapy
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):355-372, oct. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is characterized by a focus on contextual change and advances topics like acceptance, mindfulness, values, spirituality and relationship. It sets itself apart from other third wave approaches by bringing to the center of the therapeutic work values clarification and living. Previous systematic reviews provided support for the efficacy and effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) but it's unknown of reviews that comprehensively assess values interventions with a focus on examining the specific effects of working with values or meaning in life in a wide variety of settings, populations and methodological designs. The goal of this study is to investigate empirical interventions that utilizes values as conceptualized by ACT. Systematic searches in 5 databases were performed up to April 2020. For inclusion, the intervention study must have targeted values process as conceptualized by ACT. Systematic reviews, theoretical or conceptual papers were excluded. Analyzed data were publication year, language, country, number and description of participants, mean age, sample origin, outcome variables, study design and quality and overall results. Seventeen studies were identified. Results show a broad scope of research methods, in a variety of settings and populations. According to reported results, values interventions had the desired effect on the outcome variable

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  3 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6820 IBECS-Express
Autor: Morillo Rivero, LE; Torrubia, R; Ibáñez Molina, AJ; Torres, C.
Título: Relationship between frustration intolerance and personality dimensions
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):343-351, oct. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Frustration is a negative state triggered by unexpected reward loss with behavioral, emotional and motivational components. Frustration Intolerance (FI) has been considered a vulnerability marker for psychopathology, its impact being modulated by personality dimensions. In this study, the relationship between FI and personality dimensions was analyzed in 640 undergraduate students. The reduced version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory and the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire assessed personality dimensions. The Investigative Scale of Tolerance to Frustration, the Frustration Discomfort Scale, and the Frustrative Nonreward Responsiveness Scale assessed the behavioral, emotional and motivational components of FI, respectively. Descriptive, reliability, Pearson and partial correlation analyses were conducted. Regardless of the frustration component assessed, FI consistently and positively correlated with Neuroticism, Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward. The relationship between FI and other personality dimensions seemed to be dependent on the particular FI assessment instrument used and on the corresponding component involved: Behavioral FI correlated positively with Extraversion and negatively with Openness and Agreeableness, whereas the relationship between these personality dimensions and emotional and motivational FI was not so clear. Therefore, a systematic analysis of the components of FI seems to be necessary to understand its relationship with personality

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  4 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6819 IBECS-Express
Autor: Phuoc, Cat Tuong Nguyen; Nguyen, Quynh-Anh Ngoc.
Título: Self-compassion and well-being among Vietnamese adolescents
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):327-341, oct. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: There has been significant progress in research aimed at understanding the role of self-compassion in improving the well-being of adults. However, to the best of our knowledge, few empirical studies have examined the relationship between self-compassion and multiple aspects of well-being in adolescents, especially among those from the South-East Asian region. This research, therefore, has two main goals: 1) to examine the psychological outcomes associated with self-warmth and self-coldness in Vietnamese adolescents; 2) to explore the interaction between self-warmth and self-coldness in predicting Vietnamese adolescents' well-being. The results of a multiple regression analysis provide the evidence that both self-warmth and self-coldness showed significant predictive power in Vietnamese adolescents' well-being. Moderation analysis carried out using the PROCESS macro for SPSS indicated that self-warmth significantly moderated the link between self-coldness and perceived stress. These findings have significant implications for the promotion of school-based well-being interventions in Vietnam in particular, and the South-East Asian region in general

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  5 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6818 IBECS-Express
Autor: Kokun, Oleg; Agayev, Nazim; Pischko, Iryna; Stasiuk, Vasyl.
Título: Characteristic impacts of combat stressors on posttraumatic stress disorder in Ukrainian military personnel who participated in the armed conflict in Eastern Ukraine
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):315-326, oct. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a leading health problem among military personnel involved in armed conflicts. The current study identified and examined the influence of combat stressors leading to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Ukrainian military personnel (N= 188) who participated in the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine for a period of 4 to 16 months. The results showed that the leading combat stressors regarding Ukrainian service members' predisposition to PTSD were as follows: "witnessing someone get hit by incoming or outgoing rounds"; "being surrounded by the enemy"; "danger of being injured or killed, ambushed, in other very dangerous situations"; "corpses or blood"; "smells of gases, corpses, etc."; "stressors of family life"; "fear of a respondent's own death"; "inability to change a respondent's own living conditions"; "ruined buildings, machinery, structures, landscape"; "physical killing of an enemy"; "intense interpersonal conflicts"; "monotony of the surrounding conditions"; "stressors of a moral and ethical nature"; "dissatisfied biological and social needs"; and "long-term loads that cause fatigue." This study found a significant difference between Ukrainian military personnel's subjective perception of the power of a combat stressor and its real ability to cause Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms. Those stressors that were subjectively evaluated by military personnel as more significant did not increase Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms. These results may be useful for the prevention and treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in military personnel involved in armed conflicts

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  6 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6817 IBECS-Express
Autor: Hendriks, Annemieke L; McEnteggart, Ciara; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Veltmaat, Anouk; Mey, Hubert RA De; Witteman, Cilia LM; Janssen, Gwenny TL; Egger, Jos IM.
Título: Assessing deictic relational responding in social anxiety using the implicit relational assessment procedure
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):301-313, oct. 2020.
Idioma: en.
doi: ^bgraf.
Resumen: The current study sought to investigate perspective-taking in a group of individuals diagnosed with psychosis. The Social Anxiety Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (SA-IRAP) contrasted statements and questions referring to 'anxious' and 'non-anxious' experiences. The SA-IRAP and a Faux-pas (Theory of Mind) test were presented to two groups of participants: a clinical group with a diagnosis of social anxiety and a group of controls. IRAP effects for each group were in the predicted direction and a ROC analysis showed that the IRAP correctly classified 77% of the individuals with social anxiety with a sensitivity level of 97% and a specificity level of 36%. The IRAP was thus successfully used to correctly classify the sample of clinical individuals. However, the study also demonstrated that the two groups were similar with regard to their level of competency on the perspective-taking IRAP. The article also discusses the relationship between the data and recent developments in RFT

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  7 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6816 IBECS-Express
Autor: Hendriks, Annemieke L; McEnteggart, Ciara; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Mey, Hubert RA De; Witteman, Cilia LM; Janssen, Gwenny TL; Egger, Jos IM.
Título: Assessing deictic relational responding in psychosis using the implicit relational assessment procedure
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):287-299, oct. 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The current study sought to investigate perspective-taking in a group of individuals diagnosed with psychosis. The Psychosis Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (Psychosis-IRAP) contrasted statements and questions referring to 'psychotic' and 'non-psychotic' experiences. The IRAP and a Faux-pas (Theory of Mind) test were presented to two groups of participants: a clinical group with a diagnosis of psychosis and a control group. IRAP effects for each group were in the predicted direction and a ROC analysis showed that the IRAP correctly classified 80% of the individuals with psychosis with a sensitivity level of 84.2% and a specificity level of 27.8%. The IRAP was thus successfully used to correctly classify the population of clinical individuals. However, the study also demonstrated that the two groups were similar with regard to their level of competency on the perspective-taking IRAP. The article also discusses the relationship between the data and recent developments in RFT, in terms of relational flexibility

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  8 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6815 IBECS-Express
Autor: Rice, Hannah; Murphy, Carol; Nolan, Conor; Kelly, Michelle.
Título: Measuring implicit attractiveness bias in the context of innocence and guilt evaluations
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):273-285, oct. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Previous research on mock-jury trials has shown an explicit attractiveness bias in participant attributes of innocence. This study used the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) to measure attractiveness-bias in implicit evaluations of innocence or guilt with a sample of 46 college students. Alternate IRAP trial-blocks required participants to affirm relations consistent and inconsistent with attractiveness bias (attractive-innocent/unattractive guilty versus unattractive-innocent/ attractive-guilty). Faster responding across consistent trial-blocks was interpreted in terms of implicit stereotype. Participants' beliefs about the importance of their own appearances were examined using the Beliefs about Appearances Scale (BAAS) and explicit attractiveness ratings for the IRAP photographic stimuli were measured using Likert scales; analysis examined relationships between these beliefs and IRAP scores. Results revealed statistically significant attractiveness bias for both male and female participants; specifically, both a pro-attractiveness and anti-unattractive bias. Findings are discussed regarding research in implicit evaluations of innocence or guilt and effects of attractiveness bias

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  9 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6814 IBECS-Express
Autor: Oliveira, Marileide Antunes de; Arntzen, Erik.
Título: The effect of pre-training of abstract stimuli to exert control over tact and mand responses on stimulus equivalence class formation
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):259-272, oct. 2020. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Recent studies show that the formation of stimulus equivalence classes can be enhanced by meaningful stimuli. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether acquired meaningfulness, through pre-training of meaningless stimuli to exert control over tact or mand responses, would enhance stimulus equivalence class formation. Participants were eighteen university students aging 18-over 40 that were alternately assigned to either the Tact (n= 9) or the Mand Group (n= 9). Participants in all groups received a card sorting test following either a tact or mand pre-training. They then received training and testing procedures to establish three 3-node 5-member equivalence classes under the simultaneous protocol. After serialized training of AB, BC, CD, and DE relations, all probes used to assess the emergence of symmetrical, transitive, and equivalence relations were presented for two test blocks. Lastly, the card sorting procedure was repeated. Results showed that the pre-training of abstract stimuli to exert control over tact and mand responses did not produce equivalence class enhancement. Future studies should further investigate the relationship between the verbal properties of meaningful stimuli and the formation of stimulus equivalence classes

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  10 / 404 IBECS  
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Id: ET1-6813 IBECS-Express
Autor: Curtis, Aisling; Foody, Mairéad; Kelly, Michelle; Murphy, Carol.
Título: Using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure to explore students' implicit age discrimination of toxic versus innocuous
Fuente: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);20(3):241-257, oct. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The research literature remains unclear as to whether discrimination of bullying improves with age, thus the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was used to investigate if college students compared to post-primary students showed increased discrimination of phrases with bullying potential. Participants (N= 60; n= 30 post-primary and n= 30 university students) completed the IRAP in which trial-blocks alternately affirmed or denied innocuous V. toxic phrases as harmless or abusive. Shorter response latencies for particular trial-blocks meant participants responded more rapidly, thus indicating preference. Pre- and post-IRAPs were also conducted to determine if an intervention (government educational videos) increased participants' implicit preference for innocuous phrases as harmless, or decreased preference for toxic phrases. IRAP data showed a statistically significant implicit preference for innocuous phrases as harmless, for both post-primary and university students, with no statistically significant difference between these groups. There was no difference in IRAP results pre and post a brief educational intervention, thus the research did not support the intervention. Analysis of participants' explicit data (self-report questionnaires) indicated no age differences for prosocial behaviour or attitudes towards victims. Thus, age was not shown to improve discrimination of bullying in the current research

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