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Id: ET2-8259 IBECS-Express
Autor: Vique-Sánchez, José Luis; Galindo-Hernández, Octavio.
Título: México con mayor riesgo ante el COVID-19, factores de riesgo que pueden aumentar la ECA2 / Mexico with high prevalence of chronic-degenerative diseases and riskfactors that favor the development of COVID-19
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):55-60, 2021. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/411vique.
Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad COVID-19 causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2 ha infectado a casi 75 millones de personas en todo el mundo y causando más de 1 millón 680 mil muertes en 191 países (Diciembre 2020). En México con más de 1,300,000 casos y 115,000 muertes por COVID-19, se tienen que tomar medidas adecuadas para prevenir contagios y complicaciones mayores, son indispensables para el sistema de salud en México. OBJETIVO: Identificar factores de riesgo que puedan ser característicos de México y contribuyen a un mayor riesgo ante el COVID-19. Generar conciencia y comprensión de estos factores de riesgo como problema de la Salud Publica. Materiales y Métodos. Se realizó una revisión de artículos indexados de 8 meses relacionados a COVID-19 y SARS-CoV-2, así como los datos de la ENSANUT2018-México. RESULTADOS: Las enfermedades crónico-degenerativas favorecen la expresión de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina 2 (ECA2), por lo tanto, la ECA2 aumenta el riesgo ante el COVID-19 en este tipo de pacientes en México. CONCLUSIONES: El incremento de la ECA2 en la membrana celular está favorecido por el desarrollo de enfermedades como diabetes, hipertensión, factores de riesgo (sobrepeso, obesidad, tabaquismo), así como el uso de medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Es necesario tomar medidas preventivas en diversos ámbitos, con el objetivo de disminuir este tipo de enfermedades y concientizar al sistema de salud de la importancia que tiene la ECA2 como factor de riesgo ante el COVID-19

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has infected almost 75 million people worldwide and causing more than 1,680,000 deaths in 191 countries (December 2020). In Mexico with more than 1,300,000 cases and 115,000 deaths from COVID-19, adequate measures must be taken to prevent contagions and major complications, they are essential for the health system in Mexico. OBJECTIVE: Identify risk factors that may be characteristic of Mexico and contribute to a higher risk before COVID-19. Generate awareness and understanding of these risk factors as a Public Health problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of articles indexed in PubMed and Redalyc was carried out between the months (December 2019 - July 2020), using the keywords "COVID-19, ACE2, Risk factor, Chronic-degenerative diseases, Mexico, Obesity, Overweight", in the 39 articles were reviewed with two or more keywords as inclusion criteria, as well as 4 specific reports of the prevalence of chronic degenerative diseases and risk factors from Mexico (ENSANUT 2012, 2016, 2018 and OECD-Health at a Glance 2019). RESULTS: Chronic-degenerative diseases could favor the expression of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), therefore, increased ACE2 expression increases the risk of COVID-19 in this type of patient in Mexico. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in ACE2 in the cell membrane is favored by the development of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, risk factors (overweight, obesity, smoking), as well as the use of anti-hypertensive drugs. It is necessary for the health system in Mexico to develop preventive measures in various areas, with the aim of reducing this type of diseases and risk factors to prevent the development of COVID-19
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8258 IBECS-Express
Autor: Vargas-Vitoria, Rodrigo; Alfaro Larena, José; Rodríguez, Marcelo; Arellano, Rodrigo; Valdés-Badilla, Pablo.
Título: Efectos de un programa multicomponente sobre medidas antropométricas, condición física y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en personas mayores / Effects of a multicomponent program on anthropometric measures, physicalfitness and health-related quality of life in older people
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):69-75, 2021. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/411vargas.
Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN: El envejecimiento provoca, entre otros cambios, disminución de la masa muscular y reducción de la independencia funcional. La práctica regular de actividad física es considerada una herramienta esencial para lograr un envejecimiento saludable. OBJETIVO: Analizar los efectos de un programa de entrenamiento multicomponente sobre medidas antropométricas, condición física y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en personas mayores independientes funcionalmente. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio pre-experimental (con pre y post evaluación) que contó con 17 personas mayores (13 mujeres y 4 hombres) con una edad media de 72,5 años. Se evaluaron medidas antropométricas básicas (peso corporal, estatura bípeda e índice de masa corporal [IMC]), condición física a través del Senior Fitness Test y la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud por medio de la encuesta SF-36. Se realizaron comparaciones pre y post intervención a través de las pruebas t de Student y Wilcoxon considerando un p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Luego de 12 semanas de intervención las personas mayores reportaron una reducción significativa (p < 0,001) del peso corporal e IMC. Aumento significativo (p < 0,05) en las pruebas relacionadas con la fuerza del tren inferior y superior, capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, agilidad y equilibrio dinámico, y una reducción significativa (p < 0,05) en la distancia entre manos (para la flexibilidad del tren superior) y entre manos y pie (para la flexibilidad del tren inferior). Además, se presentó un aumento significativo (p < 0,05) en siete dimensiones de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (i.e. función física, rol físico, salud general, vitalidad, función social, rol emocional y salud mental) y una reducción significativa (p = 0,000) del dolor corporal. CONCLUSIONES: Existe una reducción significativa del peso corporal e IMC y un aumento significativo de la condición física y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en personas mayores luego de 12 semanas de participación en un programa de entrenamiento multicomponente

INTRODUCTION: Aging causes, among other changes, a decrease in muscle mass and a reduction in functional independence. Regular physical activity is considered an essentialtool for healthy aging. AIM: To analyze the effects of a multicomponent training program on anthropometric measures, physical fitness and health-related quality of life in independent older people. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pre-experimental study (withpre- and post-evaluation) that included 17 older people (13 women and 4 men) with a mean age of 72.5 years. Basic anthropometric measures, physical fitness through the Senior Fitness Test, and health-related quality of life were evaluated through the SF-36 survey. Pre- and post-intervention comparisons were made through Student's t test and Wilcoxon considering a p <0.05. RESULTS: After 12-weeks of intervention, older people reported a significant reduction (p <0.001) in body weight and BMI. Significant increase (p <0.05) in tests related to lower and upper body strength, cardiorespiratory capacity, agility and dynamic balance, and a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in the distance between hands (for upper body flexibility) and between hands and feet (for lower body flexibility). In addition, there was a significant increase (p <0.05) in seven dimensions of health-related quality of life (i.e. physical function, physical role, general health, vitality, social function, emotional role and mental health) and a significant reduction (p = 0.000) in body pain. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant reduction in bodyweight and BMI and a significant increase in physical fitness and health-related quality of life in older people after 12-weeks of participation in a multi-component training program
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8257 IBECS-Express
Autor: Castro-Díaz, Sharong D; Rojas-Humpire, Ricardo; Condori-Meza, Benjamín; Bonifacio-García, Luis E; Gutierrez-Ajalcriña, Rosmery; Huancahuire-Vega, Salomon.
Título: Cambios hematológicos relacionados con componentes del síndrome metabólico en personal de salud con alimentación balanceada / Hematological changes related to metabolic syndrome components in healthpersonnel with a balanced diet
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):130-138, 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/411huancahuire.
Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN: El síndrome metabólico (SM) es un conjunto de trastornos interrelacionados que produce alteraciones en diversos sistemas biológicos. OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios hematológicos en presencia de síndrome metabólico en personal de salud con alimentación balanceada. Materiales y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio transversal donde se analizó la base de datos del personal de salud que participó del Plan de Prevención de Enfermedades Transmisibles y no Transmisibles del Hospital de Huaycán, Perú. La evaluación del SM se realizó usando los criterios de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Diabetes (ALAD) en los trabajadores que presentaron alimentación balanceada según el cuestionario "FANTÁSTICO". La relación entre los cambios hematológicos y componentes del SM se realizó a través de la correlación de Spearman mientras que la comparación de grupos acumulados de componentes de SM y cambios hematológicos se realizó con el test de Kruskal-Wallis y posterior análisis pos hoc de Bonferroni. RESULTADOS: Se analizaron los datos de 285 participantes, 31.2% hombres y 68.8% mujeres con una edad media de 46.1 ± 10.5 años. La prevalencia del SM fue de 36.2%, solo las mujeres presentaron cambios en los parámetros hematológicos en presencia de SM. La relación entre los componentes del SM y cambios hematológicos fue fuerte con el aumento del perímetro abdominal y los niveles séricos de triglicéridos; de igual manera, el acúmulo de más de 2 componentes del SM aumenta significativamente los niveles de hemoglobina y hematocrito en mujeres. CONCLUSIONES: En nuestro estudio las mujeres presentaron cambios hematológicos principalmente en la serie roja relacionados al SM y determinados componentes del mismo. Se requieren más estudios poblacionales para corroborar nuestros hallazgos

INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a set of interrelated disorders that produce alterations in various biological systems. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the hematological changes in the presence of metabolic syndrome in health personnel with a balanced diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted where the database of health personnel who participated in the Plan for the Prevention of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases of the Hospital of Huaycan, Peru, was analyzed. The evaluation of the SM was carried out using the criteria of the Latin American Association of Diabetes (ALAD) in the workers who presented a balanced diet according to the questionnaire "FANTASTIC". The relationship between hematological changes and SM components was made through Spearman's correlation while the comparison of accumulated groups of SM components and hematological changes was made with the Kruskal-wallis test andlater Bonferroni's post hoc analysis. RESULTS: Data from 285 participants were analyzed, 31.2% men and 68.8% women with a mean age of 46.1 ± 10.5 years. The prevalence of MS was 36.2%, only women presented changes in hematological parameters in the presence of MS. The relationship between the components of MS and hematological changes was strong with the increase in abdominal circumference and triglycerides; likewise, the accumulation of more than 2 components of MS significantly increases the levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit in women. CONCLUSIONS: In our study the women presented hematological changes mainly in the red series related to MS and certain components of it. Further population-based studies are needed to corroborate our findings
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8256 IBECS-Express
Autor: Silva, Palena Cabral da; Diniz, Alcides da Silva; Noronha, Gisele Almeida de; Araujo, Maria Lucia Diniz; Cabral, Poliana Coelho.
Título: Predictive factors of hospitalization in an intensive care unit in patients with COVID-19: A case-control study / Factores predictivos de ingreso a unidad de cuidados intensivos en pacientes con COVID-19: un estudio de casos y controles
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):123-129, 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.12873/411cabral.
Resumen: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate potential predictive factors for the aggravation of COVID-19 in patients hospitalized at a reference hospital in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: A non-paired case-control study was conducted with 235 patients hospitalized at a reference hospital in northeastern Brazil between March and April 2020.The case group was composed of individuals who required hospitalization in the ICU. The control group was composed of patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 who did not meet the criteria established in the institutional protocol for classification as "severe case of the disease" and therefore did not require intensive care. RESULTS: The case group was composed of 84 patients with a median age of 45 years (P25-P75: 36-59); 63.1% weremen; 56.0% were less than 60 years of age; 76.2% had excess weight; 14.3% had a previous heart disease; 46.4% had hypertension; 11.9% had lung disease; and 67.1% took continuous-use medications. The median stay of severe cases in the ICU was positively correlated with weight and BMI only among female patients less than 60 years of age. CONCLUSION: The logistic regression analysis revealed that age older than 60 years and a compromised cardiovascular system were independent predictive factors for the severity of COVID-19

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate potential predictive factors for the aggravation of COVID-19 in patients hospitalized at a reference hospital in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: A non-paired case-control study was conducted with 235 patients hospitalized at a reference hospital in northeastern Brazil between March and April 2020. The case group was composed of individuals who required hospitalization in the ICU. The control group was composed of patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 who did not meet the criteria established in the institutional protocol for classification as "severe case of the disease" and therefore did not require intensive care. RESULTS: The case group was composed of 84 patients with a median age of 45 years (P25-P75: 36-59); 63.1% were men; 56.0% were less than 60 years of age; 76.2% had excess weight; 14.3% had a previous heart disease; 46.4% had hypertension; 11.9% had lung disease; and 67.1% took continuous-use medications. The median stay of severe cases in the ICU was positively correlated with weight and BMI only among female patients less than 60 years of age. CONCLUSION: The logistic regression analysis revealed that age older than 60 years and a compromised cardiovascular system were independent predictive factors for the severity of COVID-19
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8255 IBECS-Express
Autor: Fonseca, Sandra; Ponte, Michelle; Coelho, Eduarda; Fonseca, João da; Mourão-Carvalhal, Isabel.
Título: Prevalencia y factores de riesgo asociados con la inactividad física en estudiantes universitarios de Ceará, Brasil / Prevalence and risk factors associated with physical inactivity amonguniversity students from Ceará, Brazil
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):116-122, 2021. tab.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/411fonseca.
Resumen: OBJETIVO: Conocer los factores sociodemográficos y los vínculos con la universidad asociados con la inactividad física en estudiantes universitarios de Brasil. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal y descriptivo. Muestra estratificada y proporcional compuesta por 324 estudiantes universitarios a los que se les aplicó el cuestionario "Indicadores de Saúde e Qualidade de Vida de Acadêmicos". RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES: 42% de los estudiantes eran inactivos. Estudiantes con 5 años de asistencia universitaria, que asisten al turno de la tarde y de la noche son más propensos a estar inactivos. Las estudiantes que trabajan durante 40 horas o más, con más años en la universidad y que asisten al turno nocturno tienen más probabilidades de estar inactivas. Las alumnas tienen más probabilidades de ser inactivas que los alumnos. Es imperativo desarrollar políticas efectivas de promoción de la salud en el contexto universitario que proporcionen cambios que lleven a mayor calidad de vida

INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy lifestyles are observed in different populations, including university students. Sedentary behavior is seen as a habit that raises serious public health concerns. The university should present itself as an environment for experimentation, exploration and reflection that promotes the life, health and well-being of its students. OBJECTIVE: To know the sociodemographic factors and the links with the university associated with physical inactivity in university students in Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional and descriptive study. Stratified and proportional sample composed of 322 university students to whom the questionnaire "Indicadores de Saúde e Qualidade de Vida de Académicos" was applied. RESULTS: 42% of the students were inactive. Students with 5 years of college attendance, those who attend the afternoon and evening classes are more likely to be inactive. Female students who work 40 hours or more, have been in college for more years, and attend the night classes are more likely to be inactive. Female students are more likely to be inactive than male students. CONCLUSION: University students have a high prevalence of physical inactivity. The variables sex, hours of work and study and number of years in university are associated with physical inactivity. The university space does not present itself as a health promoter. It is imperative to develop effective health promotion policies in the university context with the intention of providing changes that lead to a higher quality of life
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8254 IBECS-Express
Autor: Palacios-Colunga, Deyanhira; Gallegos-Martínez, Josefina; Reyes-Hernández, Jaime.
Título: Efecto del Programa de Estabilización Nutricional "ESNUT" en el consumo alimenticio, IMC, composición corporal y actividad física en estudiantes universitarios mexicanos / Effect of the "ESNUT" Nutritional Stabilization Program on food consumption, BMI, body composition and physical activity in Mexican university students
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):108-115, 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/411palacios.
Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN: La encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición en México (ENSANUT-2018) señala que existe un 38.4% de sobrepeso/obesidad en la población entre 10-24 años, lo que favorece las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ECNT). En jóvenes universitarios los factores que mayormente contribuyen son la alimentación y la actividad física inadecuadas. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el efecto de una intervención (Programa de Estabilización Nutricional "ESNUT") en la composición corporal, índice de masa corporal, nivel de actividad física, consumo de energía y macronutrientes en estudiantes universitarios de nuevo ingreso. MÉTODOS: Diseño. Cuasiexperimental con seguimiento, de agosto de 2017 a mayo de 2018 en un Centro de Salud Universitario (CSU). Población. Estudiantes de 17 a 21 años (ambos sexos), sin condiciones de salud, gestación, lactancia, deporte de alto rendimiento o patología que impactaran en el estado nutricional, que firmaron el consentimiento informado. Los grupos experimental (GE, n=23) y control (GC, n=35) se conformaron por asignación aleatoria y ciego sencillo. Variables. Independiente: Programa ESNUT. Dependientes: Kilocalorías (Kcal), macronutrientes, masa grasa (%MG), masa músculo-esquelética (%MME), índice de masa corporal (lMC) y nivel de actividad física (NAF). Instrumentos: Bioimpedanciómetro Inbody 230; estadímetro digital SECA 274; Encuesta de nivel de actividad física (NAF); Recordatorio de 24 horas (R24), réplicas plásticas de alimentos. Análisis. Estadística descriptiva, U de Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, ANOVA, t de student y r de Pearson, con significancia p≤0.05. RESULTADOS: El 50% del GE padecía SP/OB. Mejoró la adecuación de ingesta energética y de macronutrientes, se redujo %MG, se incrementó %MME y NAF. DISCUSIÓN: El SP/OB y bajo peso decrementaron, asociados a mejoras dietética y de NAF, similarmente a intervenciones educativo-nutricionales efectivas en la prevención de malnutrición y por consiguiente de ECNT en universitarios latinoamericanos. CONCLUSIONES: El programa "ESNUT" tuvo efecto de mejora en la ingesta, composición corporal y NAF. Deben fomentarse estilos de vida saludables en el ámbito universitario

INTRODUCTION: According to the 2018 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT), overweight/obesity was 38.4% in the population between 10-24 years of age in Mexico, which bolsters chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD). In university students, inadequate diet and physical activity contribute to this. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Nutritional Stabilization Program "ESNUT" on body composition, BodyMass Index, energy and macronutrient intakes and on the level of physical activity in new university students. METHODS: Design. Quasi-experimental with follow-up carried out from August 2017 to May 2018 in a University Health Center (CSU). Population. Students of both sexes, from 17 to 21 years old, non-pregnant, lactation, high-performance sports, pathology or health condition impacting their nutritional status, who signed the informed consent. The experimental (EG, n=23) and control (CG, n=35) groups were made up of randomized and single-blind allocation. Variables Independent: ESNUT Program. Dependent: Kilocalories (Kcal) and macronutrients, fat mass (%FM), musculoskeletal mass(% MM), body mass index (BMI) and physical activity level (PAL). Instruments: Inbody 230 Bioimpedance Meter; SECA274 digital stadiometer; PAL survey; 24-hour reminder (R24) and plastic food replicas. Analysis. Descriptive statistics and tests: Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon U ranges, ANOVA, student's tand Pearson's r, with significance p≤0.05. RESULTS: 50% GE suffered from OW/OB. The adequacy of energy and micronutrients, intake improved,% FM was reduced, % MM and PAL increased. DISCUSSION: OW/OB and low weight were reduced associated with improvements in diet and PAL, similarly to effective educational-nutritional interventions in the prevention of malnutrition and, consequently, of CNCD in Latin American university students. CONCLUSIONS: The "ESNUT" program had an improvement effect on intake, body composition and PAL. Healthy lifestyles should be promoted in the university setting
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8253 IBECS-Express
Autor: Prado, Leila Virgínia da Silva; Arcoverde, Gabriela Maria Pereira Floro; Araújo, Maria Lucia Diniz; Noronha, Gisele Almeida de; Silva, Palena Cabral da; Lemos, Maria da Conceição Chaves de; Petribú, Marina de Moraes Vasconcelos; Coelho Cabral, Poliana.
Título: Ingestão dietética e nível de atividade física como preditoresde mudanças no peso e no índice de massa corporal de universitários / Ingesta dietética y nivel de actividad física como predictores de cambios en el peso y en el índice de masa corporal de universitarios / Dietary intake and level of physical activity as predictors of changes in weight and body mass index among college student
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):99-107, 2021. tab.
Idioma: pt.
doi: 10.12873/411leila.
Resumen: OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi investigar aingestão dietética e o nível de atividade física como preditores de mudanças no peso e no índice de massa corporal (IMC) de estudantes de uma universidade pública do Nordeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Tratou-se de uma coorte, onde 138 estudantes foram avaliados ao início do curso e após 1 ano de vida acadêmica. Foram coletados o peso corporal e a altura, dados sobre o nível de atividade física e sobre o consumo alimentar. O modelo conceitual também considerou variáveis sociodemográficas, comportamentais, de composição corporal e distribuição de gordura corporal. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi 76,1% do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 19,7 ± 3,3 anos no baseline. Ao final do seguimento, 50,7% dos universitários ganharam mais de 0,5Kg de peso, dentre esses, a média de ganho de peso foi 2,87 ± 2,01kg. Nos estudantes que no baseline apresentavam consumo ≤ a uma vez por semana de salada crua e ≤ a uma vez ao dia de frutas e legumes cozidos, a chance de ganho em peso foi de 3,06; 2,57 e 2,49 respectivamente. Houve uma correlação negativa entre a variação anual no peso e a variação no consumo de frutas, salada crua e legumes cozidos. Por outro lado, houve uma correlação positiva com o consumo de embutidos, salgados e doces. Comportamento similar foi observado com a variação no índice de massa corporal (IMC). CONCLUSÃO: Não foi identificado influência da prática de atividade física sobre o ganho de peso. No entanto, o padrão alimentar no baseline e o praticado durante o ano de ingresso na universidade exerceu influência sobre o peso e o IMC dos universitários

OBJETIVO: El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar la ingesta dietética y el nivel de actividad física como predictores de cambios en el peso y el índice de masa corporal (IMC) de estudiantes de una universidad pública en el noreste de Brasil. MÉTODOS: Se trató de una cohorte, donde se evaluó a 138 estudiantes al inicio del curso y luego de 1 año de vida académica. Se recogieron el peso y la altura corporal, los datos sobre el nivel de actividad física y el consumo de alimentos. El modelo conceptual también consideró variables sociodemográficas, conductuales, de composición corporal y distribución de la grasa corporal. RESULTADOS: La muestra fue 76,1% de mujeres, con una edad media de 19,7 ± 3,3 años al inicio del estudio. Al final del seguimiento, el 50,7% de los estudiantes universitarios ganó más de 0,5 kg de peso, entre ellos, la ganancia de peso promedio fue de 2,87 ± 2,01 kg. En los estudiantes que tenían un consumo inicial ≤ una vez a la semana de ensalada cruda y ≤ una vez al día de frutas y verduras cocidas, la probabilidad de aumento de peso fue de 3,06; 2,57 y 2,49 respectivamente. Hubo una correlación negativa entre la variación anual en peso y la variación en el consumo de frutas, ensalada cruda y verduras cocidas. Por otro lado, hubo una correlación positiva con el consumo de embutidos, snacks y dulces. Se observó un comportamiento similar con la variación en el índice de masa corporal (IMC). CONCLUSIÓN: No se identificó la influencia de la actividad física en el aumento de peso. Sin embargo, el patrón dietético en la línea de base y el practicado durante el año de ingreso a la universidad influyó en el peso y el IMC de los estudiantes

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to investigate dietary intake and the level of physical activity as predictors of changes in weight and body mass index (BMI) of students at a public university in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: This was a cohort, where 138 students were assessed at the beginning of the course and after 1 year of academic life. Body weight and height, data on the level of physical activity and food consumption were collected. The conceptual model also considered sociodemographic, behavioral, body composition and body fat distribution variables. RESULTS: The sample was 76.1% female, with a mean age of 19.7 ± 3.3 years at baseline. At the end of the follow-up, 50.7% of university students gained more than 0.5 kg of weight, among them, the average weight gain was 2.87 ± 2.01 kg. In students who had a baseline consumption ≤ once a week of raw salad and ≤ once a day of cooked fruits and vegetables, the chance of weight gain was 3.06; 2.57 and 2.49 respectively. There was a negative correlation between the annual variation in weight and the variation in the consumption of fruits, raw salad and cooked vegetables. On the other hand, there was a positive correlation with the consumption of sausages, snacks and sweets. Similar behavior was observed with the variation inbody mass index (BMI). CONCLUSION: The influence of physical activity on weight gain was not identified. However, the dietary pattern in the baseline and that practiced during the year of entry into the university influenced the weight and BMI of the students
Responsable: BNCS


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Id: ET2-8252 IBECS-Express
Autor: Saintila, Jacksaint; Lozano López, Tabita E; Calizaya-Milla, Yaquelin E; White, Michael; Huancahuire-Vega, Salomón.
Título: Nutritional knowledge, anthropometric profile, total cholesterol and motivations in vegetarians and non-vegetarians
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):91-98, 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.12873/411saintila.
Resumen: BACKGROUND: Research often reports on the anthropometric and biochemical profile of vegetarians and non-vegetarians, yet few have compared nutritional knowledge in both populations. This cross-sectional study compared nutritional knowledge, anthropometric profile and total cholesterol in vegetarians and non-vegetarians. In addition, the motivations for choosing a vegetarian diet were analyzed. METHODS: A registry card and a questionnaire were administered to evaluate sociodemographic, anthropometric, total cholesterol, nutritional knowledge and motivation data of the vegetarians. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and t-student tests, considering a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in the level of nutritional knowledge of the two groups. In addition, a sufficient score was not observed in either group (>80 %). Vegetarians had significantly lower average weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) compared to non-vegetarians (59.948 ± 8,923 kg vs. 64.362 ± 12.272 kg, p = 0.017), (23.22 ± 3.026 kg/m2 vs. 25.152 ± 3,373 kg/m2, p < 0.01) and (78.435 ± 10.883 cm vs. 86.207 ± 13.662 cm, p < 0.01), respectively. Total cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in vegetarians (166.307 ± 26.139 mg/dL vs. 189.138 ± 38.451 mg/dL, p < 0.01). The "health benefits" were the main motivations to opt for vegetarianism (32.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Vegetarians presented a better anthropometric profile and lower levels of total cholesterol. However, there were no differences regarding knowledge levels. The highest proportion of vegetarian's report choosing the vegetarian lifestyle for health reasons

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Id: ET2-8251 IBECS-Express
Autor: Lopes, Otniel; Videl-Espinoza, Ruben; Cossio Bolaños, Marco; Gomez-Campos, Rossana; Urra-Albornoz, Camilo; Pires Lopes, Vitor.
Título: Relación entre adiposidad corporal y aptitud aeróbica en adolecentes de la Isla de Santiago (Cabo Verde) / Relationship between body fat and aerobic fitness in adolescents from the Island of Santiago (Cape Verde)
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):83-90, 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
doi: 10.12873/411cossio.
Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN: El exceso de adiposidad corporal, generalmente se considera como un factor negativo en el rendimiento de la salud. El objetivo del trabajo fue comparar los niveles de adiposidad corporal y aptitud aeróbica con estudios referenciales y verificar la relación entre adiposidad corporal con la aptitud aeróbica de adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo comparativo-correlacional. Fueron estudiados 113 adolescentes con un rango de edad entre 12,0 a 16,9 años (89 hombres y 113 mujeres). Se evaluó el peso, la estatura, circunferencia de la cintura CC y la aptitud aeróbica AE por medio de la prueba de la Milla. Se calculó el Índice de Masa Corporal IMC y VO2max (ml/kg/min). RESULTADOS: En los hombres, los valores del IMC son inferiores desde -11.60 a -13.50kg/m2, en la CC desde -9,80 a -15,90cm En las mujeres, el IMC es inferior desde -3.90 a -5.20 kg/m2 y en la CC desde -2,40 a -5,40cm. En la AE, el VO2max fue superior a la referencia, en hombres los valores oscilan entre 4,20 a 9,50 ml/kg/min y en mujeres oscilaron desde 3,90 a 5,60ml/kg/min. Las correlaciones entre IMC y CC con VO2max en hombres son de (r= -0,62 a -0,58; p < 0,001) y en mujeres fue de (r= -0,83 a -0,81; p < 0,001). CONCLUSIÓN: Los parámetros de adiposidad corporal fueron inferiores y los niveles de aptitud aeróbica fueron superiores en comparación con sus respectivas referencias. Además, se observó correlación negativa entre ambas variables

INTRODUCTION: Excess body fat is generally considered to be a negative factor in physical performance. OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of body fat and aerobic fitness with reference studies and to verify the relationship between body fat and aerobic fitness in adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive comparative-correlational study was carried out. A total of 113 adolescents were studied, ranging in age from 12.0 to 16.9 years old (89 malesand 113 females). Weight, height, CC waist circumference and aerobic fitness (AA) were evaluated by means of the Mile test. Body Mass Index (BMI) and VO2max (ml/kg/min-1) were calculated. RESULTS: In men, BMI values are lower from -11.60 to -13.50kg/m2, in the CC from -9.80 to -15.90cm. In women, BMIis lower from -3.90 to -5.20 kg/m2 and in the CC from -2.40 to-5.40cm. In the AA, the VO2max was higher than the reference, in men the values ranged from 4.20 to 9.50 ml/kg/min and in women they ranged from 3.90 to 5.60 ml/kg/min. Correlations between BMI and CC with VO2max in men were negative (r= -0.62 to -0.58; p < 0.001) and in women it was (r= -0.83to -0.81; p < 0.001). It was verified that adolescents classified as overweight presented lower values of AA in relation to normopause and underweight. This indicates that adolescents should reflect acceptable adiposity values, not only to adequately maintain their nutritional status, but also to improve their cardiorespiratory capacity. CONCLUSION: Body adiposity parameters were lower and EC levels were higher compared to their respective references. Furthermore, it was observed that EC is inversely associated with body fat indicators in adolescents of both sexes
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Id: ET2-8250 IBECS-Express
Autor: Pérez Domènech, Marta; Soriano, Jose Miguel; Merino Torres, Juan Francisco.
Título: Development, validation and implementation of a program to detect malnutrition with NRS-2002 screening tool in patients, between 16 and 93 years, from the oncology and hematology service from Valencia during 2017 and 2018 / Desarrollo, validación e implementación de un programa de detección de desnutrición con herramienta de cribado NRS-2002 en pacientes del servicio de oncología y hematología
Fuente: Nutr. clín. diet. hosp;41(1):76-82, 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
doi: 10.12873/411soriano.
Resumen: INTRODUCTION: Hospital malnutrition (HM) is an increasingly prevalent situation, which involves both an increase in health costs, and also a decrease in the life quality and greater morbimortality. Nutritional screening is essential to detect malnutrition early and avoid these complications. OBJECTIVES: To develop, validate and implement the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) tool at the admission and during the hospitalization of a patient in the oncohematology service in a third level hospital, and know their nutritional status at the admission and the discharge. METHODS: NRS-2002 was performed on all patients admitted to the oncohaematology service, followed by the complete nutritional assessment (NA) to check its validity. NRS-2002 is repeated weekly to determine the degree of malnutrition during the hospital stay. RESULTS: 573 patients were admitted to the oncohematology service, of which a 34.4% suffered from malnutrition, 44.7% had risk of malnutrition and 20.9% were in good nutritional condition, at the time they were admitted to hospital according to the NRS-2002. In patients admitted for more than a week, NRS-2002 was performed weekly and found that, upon discharge, a 34.4% were malnourished, 50.8% had a risk of malnutrition and the last 14.76% were in good nutritional status; also a 12.3% worsened their nutritional status, the 68.9% maintained it and only a 18.9% improved it. 78.8% of patients with longer admissions require a NA. DISCUSSION: Due to the high risk of malnutrition in hospital admission, the use of nutritional screening is necessary, both at admission and during hospital stay to avoid nutritional deterioration during the same. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the NRS-2002 is a simple and effective method for early malnutrition detection

INTRODUCCIÓN: La desnutrición hospitalaria es una situación cada vez más prevalente, que implica un aumento de los costos de salud, una disminución de la calidad de vida y una mayor morbimortalidad. El cribado nutricional es fundamental para detectar precozmente la desnutrición y evitar complicaciones. OBJETIVOS: Desarrollar, validar e implementar la herramienta Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) al ingreso y durante la hospitalización de un paciente en el servicio de oncohematología de un hospital de tercer nivel, y conocer su estado nutricional al ingreso y al alta. MÉTODOS: se realizó la NRS-2002 a todos los pacientes ingresados ​​en el servicio de oncohematología, seguida de la valoración nutricional completa (VN) para comprobar su validez. Para medir la concordancia entre los dos diagnósticos, se calculó el Kappa de Cohen para cada visita. El nivel de asociación entre las variables se midió mediante la medida de Goodman y Kruskal. RESULTADOS: 573 pacientes ingresaron en el servicio de oncohematología, de los cuales: 34,4% desnutrición, 44,7% riesgo de desnutrición y 20,9% buen estado nutricional, al ingreso hospitalario según ENN-2002. En los pacientes ingresados ​​por más de una semana, se realizó NRS-2002 semanalmente y se encontró que al alta presentaban: 34,4% de desnutrición, 50,8% de riesgo de desnutrición y 14,76% de buen estado nutricional; además el 12,3% empeora su estado nutricional, el 68,9% lo mantiene y solo el 18,9% lo mejora. El 78,8% de los pacientes con ingresos más prolongados requieren una NV. CONCLUSIONES: Nuestros resultados sugieren que el NRS-2002 es un método simple y efectivo para la detección temprana de desnutrición. Es importante un seguimiento nutricional durante el período de hospitalización, ya que los pacientes son susceptibles de empeoramiento de su estado nutricional
Responsable: BNCS



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